Weight can be a factor when choosing a certain plywood product and thickness for a project. The more heavier the plywood, the stronger the structure needed to assistance it. This no an problem in numerous cases, together the framework is an ext than enough to organize the weight. But if you’re not careful, you could cause yourself severe problems, because you didn’t prevent to ensure that the structure deserve to hold the plywood’s weight. That can additionally be a variable in your building process, as carrying hefty sheets of plywood increase ladders or scaffolding deserve to be difficult and dangerous.

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What makes plywood heavier than its indistinguishable in heavy wood assets is the plywood’s density. This greater density usually originates from the form of timber that is offered to make up the main point veneers. In addition, all the veneers the the plywood are bonded along with a rosin adhesive, i beg your pardon usually has actually a higher density than the timber veneer does. Put together, we acquire an in its entirety density that surpasses all however the densest the hardwoods.


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Due come the difference in production methods for the miscellaneous plywood products, different sheets from different mills can vary considerably in weight. This distinction is produced mostly through the lot of resins and/or glues supplied to host the timber together, together they have the right to be substantially heavier than the lumber or hardwood fibers. Therefore, the better the portion of adhesive or resin discovered in the plywood product, the greater the all at once weight the the plywood.

Considering the a complete sheet that plywood can weigh upwards of 80 pounds, treatment must be taken as soon as working with it, specifically when functioning alone. Improper handling of plywood can cause severe back injuries, incapacitating you for a significant amount of time.

Softwood plywood load chart

Let’s start with the most typical plywood product, softwood plywood. The APA (American Plywood Association) has actually created style specifications for the manufacturing of various plywood products. In it, lock state that softwood plywood must weigh roughly 3 pounds every square foot, per inch of thickness. Yes, really plywood sheets sweet slightly less, together the specification is because that pre-sanded sheets. As lot as 1/32” of all at once thickness deserve to be shed in the sanding process. The organization provides a bunch of technological information and educative content.To compare and also visualize the difference in weight and also thickness, look in ~ the complying with tables below.

ThicknessActual Weight
1/4”22 lbs
3/8”28.5 lbs
1/2”40.6 lbs
5/8”48 lbs
3/4”60.8 lbs
1-1/8”84.5 lbs

In the following chart, we’re walk to to compare the weight of other plywood assets to Softwood plywood. For the services of simplicity, we’re only going to to compare 1/2” special plywood. Click to type by plywood load or percentage.

Plywood Type:Weight per SheetPercentage(compared to Softwood)
Softwood Plywood40.6 lbs100%
Hardwood Plywood45 lbs111%
Marine Plywood50 lbs123%
Particle Board61 lbs150%
MDF66.7 lbs164%
MDO37.5 lbs92%
OSB47 lbs116%
ApplePly35 lbs86%
Baltic Birch48 lbs118%

Note the weight might greatly impact the price. Load chart is closely related come the price chart.

Based upon these 2 tables, we have the right to now number the weight for a variety of plywood species and thicknesses, shown in the table below, in ascending order of weight. Softwood plywood is highlighted, as it is the typical that whatever else is contrasted to.

1/4″3/8″1/2″5/8″3/4″1-1/8″
ApplePly18.924.547.155.752.372.7
MDO20.226.237.444.255.977.7
Softwood plywood2228.540.64860.884.5
Hardwood plywood *24.431.645.153.367.593.8
OSB25.5233.147.155.770.598
Baltic Birch2633.647.956.671.799.7
Marine plywood27.135.149.95974.8103.9
Particle board3342.860.97291.2126.8
MDF36.146.7466.678.799.7138.6

*Hardwood plywood can actually vary substantially in weight and also density, as result of the certain construction the the plywood. A variety of different core constructions and materials are used, bring about these variations. Because that example, hardwood plywood made through a birch core, has actually a thickness of between 650 and 700 kilograms per cubic meter, while an additional sheet that plywood which seems the same, yet has a poplar core, will have actually a density of between 500 and also 530 kilograms per cubic meter.

Please note that this chart doesn’t covering HDF (High thickness Fiberboard), otherwise recognized as hardboard, simply because it is just sold in thinner sheets than various other plywood products. The high density of this product renders it heavier than most other plywood products of the same weight.

Hardboard panel load chart

ThicknessWeight (lbs.)
1/8”21
3/16”28
1/4”32

Weight calculator

After choosing the kind of wood, please enter thickness, width and length with proper units of measure (inch, foot, millimeter, centimeter, meter) in bespeak to calculate weight. Outcomes in pounds and kilos room available. Essential note: as wood density varies depending on components of moisture, tolerances for actual weight might vary through as lot as 20%. If you great to usage this calculator on her website, please call us.


Alder Alder, high moisture Apple Apple, high humidity Ash, white Ash, black color Aspen Balsa Bamboo Bamboo, high humidity Basswood Basswood, high humidity Beech Beech, high moisture Birch Butternut Cedar, west Red Cherry Cherry, high moisture Chestnut Cottonwood Cypress Dogwood Douglas Fir Ebony Ebony, high humidity Elm Gum, black color red Gum, blue Hackberry Hickory Hickory, high humidity Holly Juniper Larch Lignum Vitae Locust Logwood Luan, Philippine Red Madrone Magnolia Mahogany, african Mahogany, afri high moisture Mahogany, Cuba Honduras Mahogany, Spanish Maple Maple, high humidity MDF, light MDF, hefty Myrtle Oak Oak, high humidity Oak, English American OSB, traditional OSB, light OSB, hefty Pear Pear, high humidity Pecan Persimmon Pine, pitch Pine, white yellow Pine, white high humidity Pine, yellow high humidity Plum Poplar Poplar, high moisture Redwood, American Redwood, european Rosewood, Bolivian Rosewood, east Indian Satinwood Spruce Spruce, high humidity Spruce, Canadian Norway Sitka Sycamore Sycamore, high moisture Tanguile Teak, Burma India Teak, afri Walnut Walnut, Claro Walnut, europe Water gum willow Willow, high humidity Zebrawood

Plywood weight to strength

It is herbal to think the the weight of plywood results its strength; however this is untrue. Due to the fact that the major weight in any type of plywood product is native the rosin and also adhesive offered in that manufacture, greater weight merely shows that the plywood in inquiry has an ext rosin in it and also less hardwood fiber. Because it is the lumber fiber that provides the plywood the strength, a lower percentage of timber fiber renders a weaker plywood product.

The actual stamin of anything created out the plywood is as result of a mix of things, consisting of the type of plywood used and also the thickness that the plywood. But even an ext important 보다 that, is the method that the plywood is supported. Without suitable support, many plywood assets can’t support a long expectations of their very own weight, there is no sagging.

One of the easiest ways of sustaining a piece of plywood, i m sorry is being supplied as a shelf, is to connect a piece of 1”x 2”, 1”x 4” or a piece of cut plywood, to the edge of the shelf, mounted at 90 degrees to the surface of the shelf itself. This move the upright centerline of the shelf to the middle of that included on piece. That, in turn, means that the bulk of the material is moved away from that centerline, wherein it have the right to fight versus sagging better. 2 such pieces, attached to both the prior and ago edges do the shelf even stronger.

This enhancement of product perpendicular come the surface ar of the shelf will do more to make a shelf stronger, than including additional supports. In ~ the same time, you don’t end up with the space problem that those supports can cause, acquiring in the method of whatever you want to save on that shelf.


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Cart through lifter for hefty plywood

As you deserve to see from the diagram above, the J-Hook is very simple, consist of of a piece of plywood, v a spacer and also lip attached in ~ the bottom end. Two door or cabinet hinges or a solitary piano hinge are provided to connect it to the side of the cart. The mounting must be to adjust so that the height of the lift will certainly be flush with the peak of the cart, as soon as it is lifted horizontally.

The various other important information is to do the size of the elevator such the the paper of plywood end up centered on your cart, once lifted come the upright position. A notch for her hand, in the facility of the J-Hook, will make it simpler to work with.

To fill a item of plywood to the horizontal, an initial lock the casters on the cart, for this reason it i will not ~ move. Then set the sheet in the it in the J-Hook, centering it. Finally, swing the J-Hook approximately the horizontal, setting the paper of plywood, centered, ~ above the cart. When it is set on the cart, the J-Hook deserve to be allowed to fall back down to the next of the cart.


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Clamp it for assembly

Sometime in just about any plywood project, there will certainly be a time once you have actually to attach two pieces together at a ideal angle. Holding those 2 pieces together, through yourself, if drilling and also screwing the pieces with each other is difficult enough to shot the patience the a job. However you have the right to make that job a breeze, through a straightforward jig and some little ratcheting bar clamps.

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Jig through two piece of plywood

The jig consists of 2 pieces that scrap plywood, screwed together to do a appropriate angle (90 degrees). A pair of triangle of scrap plywood space attached between them, spaced out as shown in the leftmost watch in the diagram. The is critical that the 90 degree corner on these two triangular pieces be precisely 90 degrees, as they will certainly pull the two main pieces to satisfy them. Examine it v a an excellent square to make certain that you’re getting precisely 90 degrees, or this jig will finish up making your tasks out that square.

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I’ve acquired a few different jigs choose this, in different sizes, in mine workshop. They can be attached come the bench peak with clamps, then have the piece I’m working on clamped come them or on bigger projects they have the right to be clamped to two pieces the I must clamp together. In either case, lock provide terrific way of holding the two pieces that plywood in position, if they room being join together.