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Alexander the Great
Alexander III the Macedon is often called Alexander the an excellent as a an outcome of his victory against the Persian Empire and also his huge conquests. Alexander take it over much more territory than any kind of general before him, and also it to be not till the Mongols that an empire would surpass the size of Alexander's empire.
This does not make Alexander the greatest general the world has ever seen. While that was absolutely one the the bravest generals and also one that the greatest commanders the human being has ever before seen it was due to the fact that of the case others placed him in, not since of his very own generalship.
The Macedonian Army
The Macedonian army was arisen by Alexander's father, Philip II. Philip trained the Macedonian army during his wars with Greece. The was additionally under Philip that many of Greece was pacified and also this led the way for massive recruitment and financing. Phalanx warfare was an advancement of the hoplite warfare of Greece, and also Philip made his soldiers the ideal in the world.
When Philip II was assassinated, Alexander assumed regulate of his father's army. He did not need to train or drill his army; he just inherited it. Many of the world's best generals had to train their very own troops. They occurred some techniques that make them much better than anyone else and also that is why they ended up being great.
Napoleon had to do his fortune through the worst that the French forces, the army of Italy. That was given the troops that were meant to be a diversion and also used castle to fall Austrian hegemony in Italy. Scipio Africanus and Hannibal both had to train their armies from recruits and mercenaries for your campaigns. Alexander, ~ above the various other hand, was given a ready made military that would have actually served just also with Philip II together their leader.
Alexander led the best-trained pressure in the old world, and also his infantry were the heaviest, most disciplined soldiers the people had ever before seen. It would certainly not be till they met the roman Legions the they would accomplish their match. The forces he went to confront on the various other hand were more a arsenal of males than an army.
Darius III led an military composed of soldiers from almost everywhere the Persian world. Native the shores of Anatolia to main Asia, all the peoples and tribes sent out soldiers come fight because that Darius. Lock spoke different languages and were normally poorly armed and armored. Just the chariot pressures of the Persian Empire could be considered an excellent weapons, and even they to be useless versus Macedonian phalanxes.
Alexander led one elite pressure supported by fine armed and armored Greeks. The personally led the Companion Cavalry, who overwhelmed the Persians in every battle. Alexander had actually no special strategies or armed forces designs. In every major battle Alexander won, Macedonian phalanxes marched in his center, while the led the Companion cavalry along the enemies flank. Oftentimes the would merely lead a suicide charge against the enemy general who would climate flee the field, such as in the battle of Gaugamela, whereby the Persian empire was defeated and also collapsed.
This to be Alexander's great strategy, he fee headlong in ~ the enemy and killed them all in combat. When compared to the other great generals of the people it i do not care laughable that Alexander is taken into consideration a great general, or a tactical master. Alexander was an exceptional commander in the he personal led his cavalry and inspired his troops. His soldiers would certainly have complied with him on a charge right into Hell, however the only reason he to be so successful was that his opponents were therefore pitiful.
The Hellenistic Empire
Alexander the great conquered one of the largest land realms in history, however that is every he did for his empire. By ruining the Persian Empire and also usurping the royal practices of the Persian monarchs he just took the place of the Persian king. Furthermore, Alexander actually failed to pacify many of his empire. Because that these reasons, Alexander should be taken into consideration a poor administrator since he right administered the empire.
After Alexander died, his successors had to spend number of years make Alexander's occupations Macedonian. There to be multiple people in Anatolia that Alexander merely bypassed and left sovereign in their own land. Alexander had co-opted the Persian satraps, but many rebelled ~ above his death. Most of the eastern territories damaged away and also created their own kingdom.
Many that Alexander's policies were failures. He had made his generals marry Persian females to combine the Macedonians and Persians, but once he died many of his successors exiled, banished, or divorced their Persian wives. His make the efforts to produce a combined Macedonian empire ended through his death when the failed to leaving an heir come his empire.
Questions & Answers
Question: Why to be Alexander the an excellent called Great?
Answer: once Alexander the great seized the Persian crown he took all the titles the had traditional belonged come the eastern kings. Among these to be “Great King” and was originally hosted by Cyrus the Great. Alexander took the title, and background shortened it come Alexander the Great.
Question: Why did Alexander be dubbed the an excellent by plenty of kingdoms as soon as he took their kingdoms?
Answer: the is a very facility question the is intertwined with center eastern history and the post-Alexandrian world. If the idea that self-determination and freedom are paramount to west culture, this were not ideals the were famous in the classical world, and Alexander was in impact just another foreign conqueror, and also for many of the kingdoms he dominated he to be fighting the strength that had last overcame them.
Persia, and also it’s emperors, we’re no really native the Mediterranean world, and yet they ruled from Ionia come Egypt and from the Red Sea come the Caspian Sea. Persia was an empire, it’s leader claiming the location King that Kings. As it was a composite state, it’s individual pieces were semi-independent in regards come local custom-mades and cultural laws. This intended that even when the realm fell, the satrapies were currently organized in sub-states.
When Alexander took end the Achaemenid realm he additionally took over their trappings and also titles. The made himself right into a Persian king donate by Hellenic army training, and also for numerous of the civilization he dominated this wouldn’t have readjusted their load or loyalty. It was much an ext a change in governor 보다 a change of government.
Therefore when Alexander married together Greek philosophy and also thought with Persian governance and also organization he blended two human beings together. His Diadochi secured his legacy in the surname of Alexander, and this drove the name of Alexander the good down with history.
© 2012 ata1515
Alexander the Great on February 24, 2020:
to pdge12709 : it to be actually not specified regarding which the has died from... Simply saying
yuri tarded top top January 30, 2020:
he got every little thing from his dad
yura dopted top top January 29, 2020:
pdge12709 on January 28, 2020:
He walk undefeated in battle for 15 years until he died of Malaria and also conquered land transparent Asia, Europe, and also Africa and also became the Pharoah the Egypt due to the fact that the Egyptians believed he was a god.
Hello there on November 04, 2019:
Alexander sucked because he took more credit than he in reality did. He offered trickery to overcome the Persian empire, not tactics. Later, he spent sooooooo long fighting a kingdom in ~ the leaf of India(Paurava) and barely won. And that to be the best extent. Therefore short.
Jeremy kingsmore on respectable 07, 2019:
Not tactical? What about when he to be 18 and had to walk subdue the Thracian rebellion ~ his father died? The Thracians held the mountain pass therefore Alexander had actually his engineers cut steps in the mountain so his military could obtain behind them, and also they attacked the Thracian city before they knew he got behind them....not tactical? How about when he landing in India and also made them think he was charging towards one flank till the reinforced that then adjusted direction mid-charge and attacked the various other exposed flank, bring about a win versus superior forced. What about Tyre? lock defied Alexander and thought lock were for sure on their island till Alexander developed a roadway to their city. Speak Phillip would've excellent the very same is a authorize of huge ignorance, together is implying because he inherited his army he in which method doesn't deserve credit for how it to be used. Many leaders inherited or bought your army. Hannibal relied considerably on mercenary forces due to the fact that most that his died in the Alps
fred herath ~ above June 13, 2019:
absolutely the most ignorant dispute I've viewed in 71 years of living. Widening Hellenistic culture, leave people and religions in ar as he broadened his dream in consult with Aristotle, locations this man in numerous scholars opinion as second only come Jesus Christ himself in terms of affect on present day Humanity. If he had actually lived that is quite feasible there would be no borders and also we would certainly all it is in in this together. What an atrociously stupid perspective this short article represents.
Stephon on April 15, 2019:
big yet cheeks top top April 04, 2019:
I preferred it but where dose it talk around him being ba
on march 28, 2019:
the post was good and all however how come i coulden't discover anything the made the bad?
Bishop on in march 28, 2019:
It was valuable but you can make that better
a human who is every gt on march 26, 2019:
hi it was nice
UwU on march 21, 2019:
Do girlfriend have any quotes the made Alexander a poor example?
Crusaderbro1 on in march 21, 2019:
Yea I need to write an short article too thanks for this article
Alexa on march 17, 2019:
This to be a lot of of aid for my institution work, yet I am still wondering why Alexander the great was believed to it is in an awful person by so plenty of people.
Angelica on in march 13, 2019:
Alexander the good was only well-known as "The Great" since of exactly how much he thrived in conquering lands and making the his own. So, he was only great at conquering and starting war and conflict because that the structure of his reputation. Just think about all the careless things he has actually done and around if that deserved to really be dubbed ''the great".
wOw on march 13, 2019:
this really promoted my essay
OwO UwU :P top top February 19, 2019:
this assisted me with my essay! Thanks!
angel ~ above January 23, 2019:
thanks the is not that good
LOL on December 13, 2018:
this helped me a lot v the Socratic Seminar were having in 3 weeks
lmao boi on November 08, 2018:
Angel Pullins top top October 09, 2018:
he is not good I hate him an ext like Alexander the fake
kid ~ above October 09, 2018:
Emo girl on October 09, 2018:
I don't understand if I choose him....
a human thats doing a history fair top top September 18, 2018:
thanks because that the help! you aided me figure out what to compose about!
A human trying to complete their essay on may 24, 2018:
this helped me on mine essay thanks!
Anish on may 10, 2018:
a small boy top top February 15, 2018:
its a an excellent article many thanks for my home work help sir
AwesomeUnicorn ~ above June 04, 2017:
I really prefer your write-up it is an extremely detailed. Have actually you taken into consideration writing an post on why Alexander the Great, was actually Great, due to the fact that your an amazing author and I think an ext people would like reading it. Thanks, this article really assisted me with my homework!! :)
ata1515 (author) indigenous Buffalo, new York. Top top September 04, 2013:
I think me and great Armies would have an amazing party.
Great Armies ~ above September 03, 2013:
Who wouldn't want to hear around Alexander the good at a party?
Nick Vlahopoulos on September 03, 2013:
Gee you should be actual fun at parties..
Great Armies on July 21, 2013:
Alexander did no fail to build an empire, as characterized by Merriam Webster dictionary realm is " : a significant political unit having a region of great extent or a number of territories or peoples under a single sovereign authority" (http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/empire).
As every empire in background has shown people don't like to be defeated and ruled over. Alexander to be able to respond to this to part degree.
---He gained the Greeks to join him by telling them it was revenge for the Persian's burn of the Acropolis.
---The human being of the east, including Egypt, he acquired by having actually himself called a kid of god. The world of the east believed that your leaders were sons that the gods. The human being were an ext likely to monitor him after he was named Zeus Amen.
---He likewise wished for his males to intermarry. This meaning that castle marry human being from the vault Persian empire. This would develop a an ext combined nation. He also married multiple Persians in stimulate to present that he would also do it.
---He additionally treated the civilization kindly and also didn't adjust things much. He kept the governments similar to what they were and allowed the civilization to continue practicing what religious beliefs they wanted. This is why their was never a trouble with the Jewish civilization under his reign.
---He also gained leaders as friends, including Pontus who he defeated and allowed to keep his land. This retained the people under his power.
To attend to his kingdoms autumn is a hard thing come do and also hard to blame him. One common id is that he claimed "to the strongest" i beg your pardon i think in Greek is Krateristus. This is extremely close to Kraterus i beg your pardon was one of the generals the was under Alexanders command. He was additionally not there when Alexander died, this means he can not take the leadership. It to be also possible that Alexander had not to be able to speak prior to he died this method he could not have provided anyone command.
He may have previously not have actually wanted to select a successor because of the history of Macedonian majesties that passed away due come the men roughly them. I am sure there are many other possible reasons but as i mentioned above it is not feasible for united state to recognize what happened. All we know is that his realm was organized together ~ his death by a variety of generals who had actually agreed to split the power till Alexander IV prospered old enough to take it command. This only lasted because that a tiny while until his men fought versus each other. All however maybe Ptolemy want a unified Hellenistic kingdom the only trouble being the they each want to rule it. This is not completely Alexanders error seeing together he is dead. It is checked out throughout the various ruling nations that given a chance world will master for the chance to dominion completely. Watch both triumvirates as an example.
---Alexander's guys loved him because that his generosity-- he payment off countless of there debts. He also listened to your complaints, such as their mutiny which was resulted in by homesickness. Even then they felt negative for wanting to turn back. He once drove into the foe by himself causing his males to come ~ him. Everything he request of his men, he would do himself. This resulted in his men to love him.
---Though that did no do whatever correctly, such together the burning of Persepolis. The did organize to his agreements with the Greeks by sending out them residence after he defeated the Persians. Every great leader made mistakes the is true. For instance Hannibal didn't march on Rome after ~ the battle of Cannea. This resulted in him not to loss the Romans. After his defeat he was claimed to say the Alexander was the best leader, climate Pyrrhus, then lastly himself Hannibal. Another great leader Caesar was said to have actually cried at some point while reading about Alexander due to the fact that he himself had actually not done practically as much as Alexander had by the age of 30.I see no real reason come say that he was no great. He was looked up to by the leaders of Rome and also his tactics space still supplied to work by contemporary military's. He also created a new kind of hand to hand combat the is still taught. Even though his realm did no last as lengthy as part his ideas and also skill reflects his greatness.
ata1515 (author) native Buffalo, new York. On July 17, 2013:
Hello good Armies.
Alexander failed to forge an empire. He never truly do his subjects think in his cause.
For example, he had actually to execute the Thracian regiments in his army because they to be so unruly. Top top Alexander's death his kingdom was torn personal by the males who adhered to him, guys who had actually no vision the a joined Hellenistic world.
Thanks because that coming by and also sharing your idea.
Great Armies top top July 17, 2013:
Alexander the good was able to defeat the Persian navy through out utilizing his ships which is a feat in itself. By moving alone the shore he had the ability to take every city that had actually a port. Once he an initial gained leadership he relocated swiftly against uprisings from urban such as Thebes and Athens. Also if his military was far better that the Persians, numbers carry out matter. Alexander's location of cavalry was the an essential to the break of the Persian's who's power had been fear all through the Greek areas. Unequal Barca--who lost versus Scippio, and also lost a huge portion that his force before facing the Romans. Both Hannible and Alexander acquired there pressures from your prestigious fathers. The was just how they provided them that made them great. Alexander had the ability to use different parts that the forces that he acquired while on occupation to do a more universal army. He supplied political maneuvers to obtain allies and also cause the people of the conquered areas to follow him. Something that only a couple of could do, such together Octavian. Alexander the good led the rise of the Hellenistic period and the spread of culture. The is why he is thought about great.
ata1515 (author) from Buffalo, brand-new York. On February 17, 2013:
I agree that Alexander ushered in the Hellenistic Age, but I feel like his name was stamped top top Hellenism. The Diodachi did all the grunt work, yet it's just much easier to check out Alexander together the leader of the movement because we space looking backwards in come history.
Thanks for protecting against by and leaving together an engaging comment.
Wes from USA top top February 16, 2013:
I agree that Alexander's military shrewd may not have actually been the best, and also certainly no on par through likes that the later Hannibal, yet I'd posit that his greatness is more in association v his introducing of the hellenistic age. Stating that dominating the soil was all he walk is....more 보다 a small dismissive. Rather a couple of wise rulers don't make drastic governmental or social changes ~ above ursurping a throne. Possibly the many damning thing was that Alexander did (or didn't do) was that he didn't name an extact heir, despite things seemed to have stablized for a couple years till After the assassination of Perdiccas in 321 BC, Macedonian unity collapsed, and 40 years of war in between "The Successors" (Diadochi) ensued before the Hellenistic world worked out into four stable strength blocks: the Ptolemaic Kingdom that Egypt, the Seleucid realm in the east, the Kingdom of Pergamon in Asia Minor, and Macedon. In the long run, however, the fragmentation of his empire actually helped the process of hellenization along, even if the wasn't intentional. Every that said though...I really took pleasure in the article!
ata1515 (author) native Buffalo, new York. Top top December 19, 2012:
Elephants were no as great a weapon together they could seem at very first glance. They easily panic, and also numerous leaders found methods of break elephant charges apart. It was much more likely the sub-continent itself the the Macedonians feared. A phalanx cannot run in uneven terrain so the jungles and mountains of India would have permitted the lighter Indian troops to choose apart the Macedonians.
The cavalry wedge to be an exciting tactic, yet one manouver does no make a great general. Alexander did not have to face any kind of other an excellent generals, that merely had actually to defeat militaries of rabble, and occasionally sit external a city till lock starved to death.
The Macedonian soldiers to be the most disciplined, finest equipped, and strategically essential soldiers in the classical world. Every old power in the west world adopted the phalanx as their main fight line till the breakthrough of manipalur formations through the Romans.
Thank you for bringing a dissenting voice through your comments, i hope come see much more from you!
Sir Payne on December 18, 2012:
I hate to it is in the dissenting voice, yet I disagree. Alexander's win at Gaugamela was the result of arguably the many brilliant tactic supplied in all the history of warfare. He didn't win since of his army, he won due to the fact that of his own doing. The military that Alexander inherited was no as good as you say it was, they lost many battles before Alexander took the reins. The Macedonian army was no the greatest of the age. Walk you know that one of the reasons why the Macedonians didn't proceed into India was due to the fact that they were afraid of the Indian armies? this Indian armies composed numerous elephants. The Macedonians knew they would be defeated if castle attempted to development any further, for this reason they refused. My suggest is, Alexander go not get his victories from the very same tactic, or native his remarkable soldiers. He obtained his victories through his very own cunning.
ata1515 (author) from Buffalo, brand-new York. ~ above April 29, 2012:
Thanks for the comment and also vote up!
History look at Alexander native the present, in that we view Hellenism flower transparent the middle East and also Anatolia ~ Alexander's conquest, yet without his much more capable successors it would have been a very short Hellenic period.
Richard J ONeill indigenous Bangkok, Thailand ~ above April 29, 2012:
Interesting and voted up ata1515.
Very amazing information in this hub. I really had actually no idea the Alexander was such a poor conqueror and also ruler in comparison come the greats prefer William the Conqueror, Augustus Caesar etc. A great leader, no doubt, but background has painted him in a much an ext favorable light than he deserved and you have actually done a great job, highlighting that below with this article.
Thanks because that enlightening me!
ata1515 (author) from Buffalo, brand-new York. On April 16, 2012:
Thanks for the comments, glad you enjoyed it.
Angelo52 top top April 15, 2012:
Excellent historical post on Alexander. The echos numerous of the thoughts ns have had actually when there space specials ~ above the background channel about Alexander.
Jessee R from Gurgaon, India on April 15, 2012:
A great take on Alexander! ns agree v each suggest of discussion over here...
cebutouristspot native Cebu ~ above April 14, 2012:
A an excellent review of history most talk around general. Thanks.
See more: What Is The Lowest Scoring Game In Nba History ? What Is The Lowest Scoring Nba Game Of All Time
Jason native Vilonia , Arkansas ~ above April 14, 2012:
I love it. Maybe your a little to harsh ~ above the ole boy yet still, I would take Hannibal of Carthage end Alexander the great any day.