There is a unique difference in between the formal and also informal style in any type of language, and also English is no different. It is quite common to discover that specific phrases only use in particular situations, while various other expressions and phrases are mostly used just in a formal context, favor in contracts or business.

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“Including yet not limited to” means that the terms noted are not restricted to the explicit concepts expressed in the statement. It is a expression most often used in legal files or binding contracts. Comma placement in the expression is most common before the “but” and also after the “to”.

If you space drafting a legitimate or formal document, making use of the exactly phrases and also wording is that the utmost prominence to gain the appropriate point throughout and prevent loopholes. This short article will discover the origin and also use the the expression, “including however not restricted to,” what that means, the punctuation the goes together with it, and also how come correctly apply it.

Punctuation of “Including however not limited To


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If you usage the phrase “including yet not minimal to” for a really short perform of things, punctuating the actual phrase isn’t a grammatical necessity.

However, if you use it together with a very long or complex list, you deserve to use commas so the leader can far better understand what you mean.

The native “including” is a gerund, which way it is a verbal ending in -ing. A verbal is a word based upon a verb and, therefore, it is offered to show an action or state of being.

Although gerunds regularly need tiny to no punctuation, that is usual to ar a comma before a gerund choose “including” (source).

Some example sentences using a comma before the gerund “including”:

I have numerous hobbies, including, yet not minimal to, steed riding, fencing, cricket, and painting.

My mom adores good artists, including, but not restricted to, van Gogh, Monet, and Dali.

Comma Use and the Oxford Comma

Writers often use the Oxford comma, additionally known as the serial comma, in English with lengthy and complex sentences, such as lists for items, which often occurs with the expression “including yet not limited to.”

The Oxford comma’s purpose is to indicate whether the two last things mentioned in a list are two different things or whether they are examples of the ahead thing.

PunctuationSentenceExplanation
No Oxford CommaI love mine parents, Rihanna and also Sherlock Holmes.This way that the speak loves their parents and also that your parents room Rihanna and also Sherlock Holmes.
With Oxford CommaI love mine parents, Rihanna, and also Garfield.This is a perform of people that contains parents, Rihanna, and Garfield, and also the speaker loves every one of them.

If you to be speaking, you would certainly not be able to see the point used and also would need to use the context of the sentence come deduce the meaning.

However, as soon as writing, although the oxford comma is optional, it easily clarifies the an interpretation of a sentence and makes it simpler to review (source).

When you’re utilizing the phrase “including however not restricted to,” you would certainly most most likely list a large number of items, so the Oxford comma or serial comma would assist with the readability the the sentence together a whole.

“Including yet not restricted to” Comma Placement

We deserve to use commas in various ways to clear up the an interpretation and ease the readability of her sentence utilizing “including however not restricted to.”

The an initial is to omit the use of commas entirely. This has the potential to make your sentence it seems to be ~ clumsy and untidy if that includes considerable list, however it is not wrong. Take into consideration the adhering to example:

The camp activities include however are not limited to team building, archery, and fishing.

As you have the right to see from the over example, the just commas in use room in the really list, but that’s because the list is short, and the definition is quiet clear.

However, many human being may uncover this writing format clumsy, together it seems like a really long sentence the does not offer the reader any breaks.

Therefore, the better way to compose a sentence using the phrase “including but not restricted to” would be to place commas after ~ the “including” and after the “to,” as in this example:

The camp tasks include, yet are not limited to, team building, archery, and also fishing.

This writing style offers the reader two breaks in a very long sentence and, together a bonus, look at neat and also tidy.

When using commas to break up a sentence, the crucial thing come remember is that the very first and critical parts should still do sense also if you take the bit between the commas away.

The camp activities include team building, archery, and fishing.

As you can see, the sentence has retained its definition but is currently vaguer, and also the possibility of other activities isn’t as obvious.

That is why we usage the full phrase “including however not limited to” — the “but not restricted to” means there is much more to the list than what is stated outright.

If you were to use the Oxford comma, it wouldn’t readjust the sentence’s definition at all and would quiet be exactly (source).

The camp activities include team building, archery, and also fishing.

The camp activities include, yet are not restricted to, team building, archery, and fishing.

Using “Including however not minimal To” in a Sentence

As with any English phrase, “including but not minimal to” requirements to have properly conjugated verbs depending on the context.

For this phrase specifically, you would conjugate just the indigenous “including,” however remember that the rest of the sentence needs to it is in in line through the proper conjugations concerned the subject and the noun.

Because “including however not limited to” is often used with the word “is,” you will should conjugate the “is” as well. Stop look at just how we conjugate verbs for “including yet not restricted to” for a singular or plural subject.

SingularPlural
ExampleThe English alphabet includes but is not restricted to the letters A, B, and also C.School activities include but are not limited to hockey, netball, and also basketball.
Explanation“Alphabet” is singular, so you use “includes” and “is.”“Activities” is plural, therefore you use “include” and also “are.”

Examples making use of “Including however not restricted To”

As we’ve discussed, the phrase “including but not minimal to” can be provided to indicate that the things named in a specific list are part of other larger, and the bigger thing may additionally include various other items not mentioned.

Although the is a legit term, us can likewise use the expression in day-to-day speech, especially if you’re concerned there is other you just couldn’t think of at the moment but that girlfriend wouldn’t want to exclude. Below are some sentence examples.

My reading list includes, however is not restricted to, take care of Potter, The Da Vinci Code, and Atonement.

The firm will likewise pay usual and also normal administrative expenses, including, yet not minimal to, hotel stays, shuttles, and also food.

Organizations, including, however not limited to, businesses, unions, charities, and also corporations, aren’t citizens and, therefore, can not vote.

Our itinerary includes however is not minimal to a zoo visit, a museum visit, and lunch in ~ the deli.

I reap takeaways, including, yet not limited to, KFC, Pizza Hut, and McDonald’s.

Origin and Applications of “Including but not restricted To”

The phrase “including however not minimal to” source in the legitimate field and also has due to the fact that migrated come other main contexts where details wording is necessary to cover any type of potential loopholes.

Although writers mostly use this phrase in a legitimate or contractual context, that can also be used in everyday informal speech, return this isn’t a extensive occurrence.

Legal Use

When composing legal documents, exceptional care needs to be payment to native use, together ambiguous definitions or interpretations can have catastrophic or i have lot of money impacts.

This is why seemingly redundant phrases such as “including however not minimal to” are developed specifically because that contractual use.

Even despite the words “including” and also “not minimal to” are similar in meaning, it is vital in a legal paper definition to use both as it borders the possibility of ambiguity.

This way that using “including” by itself have the right to lead come the expertise that just what someone specifically stated or laid the end is included.

If you usage both “including” and “not minimal to,” this opens up the possibility that the human being drafting the file implies the consist of of a big range that items there is no the need to list every solitary one the them.

For example, you might say the the alphabet has the letter A, B, and C. Girlfriend will notice that, although the other letters have actually been left out, the possibility remains the they are likewise included.

Still, the possibility additionally exists the the drafter on purpose left the end the other letters so as to exclude them.

If you were to say that the alphabet includes yet is not limited to the letter A, B, and also C, girlfriend ensure the the others room included as well by default.

Although this is a commonly used phrase in legal jargon, certain judges may still think about it faint if someone to be to challenge it.

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That way that, need to a appropriate case be produced it, a referee may preeminence in favor of the the contrary party if they claimed that “including yet not restricted to” was also vague together it did not specifically note down every of the items come be consisted of (source).