Behavior, treatment & Wellness, Emergency Situations, clinical Conditions, Nutrition, Parasites, Pet solutions


Guinea pigs are straightforward to care for and, if tackled frequently and also gently, make good family pets. Lock are normally hardy, healthy pets but space susceptible to specific problems and diseases. The complying with is a brief description of some of the more common troubles of guinea pigs, which incorporate respiratory infections, diarrhea, scurvy (vitamin C deficiency), tumors, abscesses because of infection, urinary problems, and infestations through lice, mites, or fungus.

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Respiratory Infections

Pneumonia is among the most far-ranging diseases of pets guinea pigs and can be resulted in by number of bacteria, including Bordetella and also Streptococcus. Guinea pigs deserve to naturally harbor this bacteria and also may be asymptomatic (apparently healthy) carriers. These bacteria have tendency to be "opportunistic," meaning they infect prone animals, multiply, and cause disease if the chance arises.

"Pneumonia is among the most far-ranging diseases of pets guinea pigs."

Stress, such as overcrowding, pregnancy, and the visibility of other illness, rises the opportunity that infection will develop, and young animals are most often affected. The bacteria space spread by straight contact, aerosolized (airborne) particles, and also on contaminated hands or other objects. Infected guinea pigs may be turn off food, have actually discharge from the eye or nose, sneeze, or have actually trouble breathing. Societies of the ocular (eye) and nasal discharge have the right to be bring away to identify the causative organism so that the appropriate antibiotics have the right to be prescribed. Part guinea pigs may need to it is in hospitalized for extr supportive care.

Diarrhea

Guinea pigs have actually a sensitive gastrointestinal tract (as do rabbits). They have actually a very details natural populace of "good" gastrointestinal bacteria (flora) vital to regular bowel function. If this normal bacterial flora becomes changed or unbalanced, "bad’ (often gas-producing) bacteria have the right to overgrow, develop painful gas, slow-moving down digestion and also food passage v the intestinal tract, damage the intestinal tissues, relax toxins, reason severe diarrhea, and in serious cases, death. This condition is described as cradle (or GI) stasis. In enhancement to bacter infections, part intestinal parasites, like Cryptosporidium and also coccidia, can reason diarrhea.

Other clinical indications that may occur with diarrhea incorporate anorexia (not eating), depression, dehydration, load loss, a short body temperature. Guinea pigs v these indications need immediate veterinary attention and supportive care.

Certain antibiotics should never be provided in guinea pigs, together they uncomfortable their regular gastrointestinal bacter flora and also often result in diarrhea. Antibiotics must be offered in guinea pigs only under the direction of a veterinarian familiar with guinea pigs. Antibiotics to buy over-the-counter in a pet store must never be given to guinea pigs, due to the fact that they are frequently inappropriate.

Scurvy (Vitamin C deficiency)
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Guinea pigs and also primates cannot manufacture their own vitamin C; therefore, they need to take in vitamin C in your diets. The bulk of other pets can create their own vitamin C through their intestinal bacterial flora, however guinea pigs and primates space unable to carry out this. Vitamin C is vital to the normal breakthrough and maintenance of skin, joints, and also mucosal surfaces, such as the gums. It is likewise important in the healing of wounds. As well as predisposing the guinea pig come skin problems, a absence of vitamin C renders the body an ext prone to the advancement of various other diseases, including infections. A guinea pig that has actually a turbulent hair coat, is turn off his food, has actually diarrhea, is reluctant to walk, appears painful, has swollen feet or joints, or has actually hemorrhages and also ulcers top top its gums or skin, is likely to it is in deficient in vitamin C.


"Guinea pigs and primates cannot manufacture their very own vitamin C; therefore, they have to take in vitamin C in your diets."

Guinea pigs require 10-50 mg the vitamin C every day, relying on the condition of the animal (young, old, stressed, healthy, pregnant). Commercially accessible pellets produced guinea pigs contain vitamin C; however, this vitamin is relatively unstable and also breaks down or oxidizes really fast. Therefore, the pellets need to be supplied up or need to be changed within 90 days of the date of manufacture. If your guinea pig creates signs the vitamin C deficiency, the is vital to take it him to watch your veterinarian as quickly as possible. To stop vitamin C deficiency, guinea pigs must receive a vitamin C supplement, either together a tablet computer or liquid offered by mouth, quite than in the drink water, as the vitamin also breaks down swiftly in water and also loses that potency. Consult your veterinarian as to the best way to supplement your guinea pig through vitamin C.

Tumors

Guinea pigs obtain various tumors; skin and mammary (breast) tumors are an especially common. They can be light or malignant (cancer). Any mass must be brought to the fist of her veterinarian. In numerous cases, operation removal is curative.

Abscesses

Abscesses (infected ede containing an accumulation of pus and bacteria) can affect lymph nodes, skin, muscles, teeth, bones, and also internal organs. Since guinea pigs (and other rodents and also rabbits) kind thick pus the does not drain or get reabsorbed easily, many abscesses in these animals require operation removal (debridement), followed by treatment through antibiotics preferred based on culture of the bacteria cultivation in the abscess. Part abscesses (like those including the jaw and teeth) room more difficult to treat, as influenced teeth and bone need to be removed along with all the infected soft tissues.

Urinary Problems

Guinea pigs are really prone to breakthrough of urinary calculi (stones or uroliths). This stones many often kind in the bladder but may also form in the kidney or ureters (tubes that drain the kidneys into the bladder). Stones may come to be lodged in the ureter or the urethra (the tube delivering urine native the bladder to the outside), leading to a life-threatening obstruction.

Although uncommon, cystitis (bladder infection) occurs much more often in female guinea pigs 보다 males, and often stones build in association with infection. Signs of urinary problems include anorexia (not eating), blood in the urine, straining come urinate, a hunched attitude (with straining), and also small, regular urinations; if one obstruction occurs, the guinea pig will be can not to produce urine. Any type of guinea pig with signs of a urinary tract trouble should be seen by a veterinarian ideal away.


Veterinarians diagnose urinary difficulties with a thorough history and physics examination, including abdominal palpation (examination by feel), blood tests, urinalysis, and X-rays. Noble guinea pigs might require hospitalization and supportive care, including intravenous fluids and syringe feeding, and also surgery to eliminate the stones. Regular, annual veterinary check-ups can help detect problems, such together urinary tract stones, in guinea pigs before they construct into life-threatening emergencies.

Parasites and also Skin Problems

Guinea pigs (especially young ones) room prone to ringworm, i beg your pardon is an epidemic of the skin with a fungus, not with a worm. Certain animals may be ringworm carriers there is no showing any kind of signs of illness. They have the right to spread the an illness to susceptible pets or develop an illness themselves if stressed by overcrowding, poor nutrition, the presence of various other diseases, or other eco-friendly stresses. The skin influenced by ringworm have the right to be itchy, lose hair, and also develop crusty scabs. Ringworm lesions are discovered most commonly approximately the face, head, and ears, yet can infect the earlier and legs. After ~ diagnosis by your veterinarian, influenced guinea pigs space treated topically and/or orally through anti-fungal medications.


"Guinea pigs can gain fleas and lice; fleas space usually diagnosed by finding the adults or your feces top top the skin or in the fur."

Guinea pigs can acquire fleas and lice; fleas are usually diagnosed by recognize the adults or their feces top top the skin or in the fur. Lice are frequently diagnosed microscopically by observing one of two people the adults or eggs (nits) in a sample that hair and skin debris. Lice eggs room laid ~ above the hair shafts, often about the face, behind the ears, or over the shoulders. Mite infestations in guinea pigs can cause such extreme itching that seizures have the right to result. Through a mite infestation, the skin is crusty and raw from scratching, there is commonly hair lose and secondary bacterial infection may result. These helminth are ideal treated with anti-parasitic medicines prescribed by her veterinarian. An additional bacterial skin infections must be treated through antibiotics.

Other Problems

Barbering is a problem, usually associated with boredom, in i m sorry the guinea pig chews or barbers its own hair or the hair the its cage-mate, so that the barbered pig looks choose it has actually been provided a brush cut. Treatment requires providing the guinea pig with more stimulation, redirecting its fist to various other chewing tasks by offering much more hay or chew toys, and also separating guinea pigs if they are barbering every other.

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Pododermatitis, or bumblefoot, in i m sorry sores construct on the bottom the the feet native pressure, is usual in guinea pigs. It occurs most often in overweight pets housed top top wire-bottomed or dirty cages that abrade the feet, making them vulnerable to chronic, deep bacterial epidemic that reasons lameness and pain. Therapy is challenging, but with suitable veterinary care, including surgery, foot bandages, and also antibiotics, the difficulty can it is in alleviated.