Angiosperms, likewise called flowering plants, have actually seeds that space enclosed within an ovary (usually a fruit), when gymnosperms have actually no flower or fruits, and have unenclosed or “naked” seeds on the surface ar of scales or leaves. Gymnosperm seed are often configured as cones. The qualities that distinguish angiosperms from gymnosperms include flowers, fruits, and endosperm in the seeds.

Comparison chart

Angiosperms versus Gymnosperms comparison chart
AngiospermsGymnospermsDefinition Seeds Life bike Reproductive device Leaves Wood Periniality Reproduction Uses
Seed-producing flower plants who seeds space enclosed within an ovary.

You are watching: Compare and contrast angiosperms and gymnosperms

Seed-producing non-flowering plants who seeds are unenclosed or “naked.”
Enclosed within an ovary, typically in a fruit. Bare, not enclosed; discovered on scales, pipeline or together cones.
Seasonal (die throughout autumn/fall). Evergreen
Present in flowers; deserve to be unisexual or bisexual Cones; unisexual
Flat scalelike , needle-like
Hardwood Softwood
Non-perinnial Perinnial
Mostly count on pollinators. Mostly depend on wind.
Medications , food, clothing, etc... Paper, lumber , etc...


Hundreds of numerous years ago, gymnosperms to be the just kind of tree life top top Earth. In between 250 and also 200 million year ago, angiosperms started to evolve. Now, angiosperms are much more widely distributed and populous, and also can be taken into consideration the leading plant life on the planet. Angiosperms make up a far much more diverse range of plants, with a variety of 250,000 to 400,000 species. They inhabit every type of land and aquatic environment except the most extreme habitats. Angiosperms might be dicots or monocots.

Examples the Angiosperms and also Gymnosperms

Examples the angiosperms room monocots favor lilies, orchids, agaves (known for agave nectar) and also grasses; and also dicots favor roses, peas, sunflowers, oaks and maples.

Gymnosperm examples include non-flowering evergreen trees such as pine, spruce and also fir.


Apple tree, a flowering, fruit-bearing angiosperm

Everyday flower garden plants space angiosperms

Gymnosperm varieties number just in the thousands, through a little more than 1,000 extant species. Castle are found in desert to semi-desert habitats.


Pine tree, a gymnosperm through needle-like leaves and also a cone

Anatomical Differences

Since gymnosperms and angiosperms are both vascular plants, they have actually a sporophyte-dominant life-cycle.

Tissue formation in angiosperms over the amount and also complexity discovered in gymnosperms. Angiosperms have actually a triploid vascular tissue, level leaves in many shapes and hardwood stems. Since of the innumerable varieties of the fruit and/or flower-bearing plants, they have actually variegated colors and also shapes the leaves, flowers and also fruits.

Gymnosperms space haploid, have spiky, needle-like leaves and also are softwood. Gymnosperms room "simpler" anatomically because they execute not bear flower or fruit, and also although of various species, space usually only tall evergreens with brown cones.

More details about the anatomical differences in between angiosperms and gymnosperms are described in the adhering to video:


Reproduction in angiosperms have the right to be unisexual or bisexual. The gametes are spread through wind and also by insect and animal pollinators attractive by their flowers. Flowers frequently have both female and male gametes inside them, and also after fertilization, the ovules build into a fruit.

The gametes of gymnosperms are found in cones. Fertilization is explained as single; the pollen seed fall and germinate straight on the ovules. Pollen spores are spread by wind alone.


Angiosperms provide virtually every plant-based food, as well as most breed boy feed. Grains, fruit, legumes, nightshades (including potatoes and tomatoes), gourds, and also cabbages room all angiosperms. Other angiosperms choose cotton and flax provide document and textiles. The hardwood the angiosperms is used to make hardwood floors.

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Gymnosperms indigenous the conifer team like pine, spruce, and also fir are generally used for lumber. Various other gymnosperms space processed right into other commodities like soap, varnish, and also perfumes.