Height:10 come 11 inches in ~ the shoulder Weight:15 come 22 pounds Life Span:15 to 20 years

You might recognize the Westie native his long-running stint together the mascot because that Cesar pets food, yet he’s an ext than simply a cute face. A true terrier, he is a fast and clever hunter, to add his lighthearted nature provides for a pet who’s constantly game for some fun.


dogs that often tend to be more sturdy, playful and also easygoing approximately children and much more tolerant of children"s behavior.

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dogs that often tend to be much more sturdy, playful and easygoing roughly children and much more tolerant of children"s behavior.

Did friend Know?

Legend has it that the West Highland White Terrier was bred for his distinctive snowy fur so he can be spotted while searching fox and other brown- and also red-coated creatures.


Few each other “clean up” as stylishly as the West Highland White Terrier, evidenced by the iconic picture of a well-coifed Westie sporting a smart, tartan-patterned rain slicker. He is comfortable in the city, the suburbs, and the country. At their best, Westies space energetic, people-oriented dogs, beloved and also admired for their bright white coats and also shiny, shoe-button eyes.

back the Westie might look cuddly, he’s too busy come hang out in your lap for very long. Many thanks to his high energy levels, he stays to dig, run, and also pounce top top small, furry creatures. Some carnage is unavoidable when living through these terriers — searching is tough wired in Westies, and training can’t turning back the instinct. Fans say that Westies are independent dogs v a the majority of energy; detractors may use words like “noisy” and “destructive.” Either deserve to be true, so it’s necessary to discover a breeder that strives to create dogs with stable, happy temperaments.

these dogs require plenty that exercise and also playtime, and proper training come eradicate nuisance barking and digging. Westies space well suitable for contending in American Kennel society earthdog trials; they additionally excel at agility, obedience, flyball, and other canine sports. These tasks stimulate his shining mind and also channel his boundless energy, maintaining him indigenous excavating her garden or driving next-door neighbors crazy through incessant barking.

The West Highland White Terrier’s rough coat sheds, but it have the right to be decreased with weekly brushing or combing and occasional trips come a experienced groomer. Many pet Westies are retained clipped, but the proper breed look calls for hand-stripping, a tedious task that requires removing the whole dead cloak in small amounts with a one-of-a-kind tool.

Westies love to be around people, so they need to live indoors, as members that the family — otherwise they’re likely to turn into noisy, destructive, and an extremely unhappy dogs.

Other fast Facts

thanks to the texture of the Westie’s coat, dirt brushes out easily and also falls off once it’s dry.

The background of West Highland White Terriers

The short-legged terriers the Scotland are now recognized as the Scottish, Skye, Cairn, Dandie Dinmont, and West Highland White Terriers. They all indeed descend from the very same roots — and were all once valued for their small-game hunting skills.

Originally, their coats come in a bevy that colors, including black, red, and cream. Colonel Edward Donald Malcolm the Poltalloch, Argyllshire, Scotland, is generally attributed with breeding the white dogs true. The story walk that, in 1860, among his red dogs to be mistaken because that a fox and also shot. Malcolm decided, top top the spot, come breed just for white dogs that can be readily established in the field.

Today, the West Highland White Terrier ranks 34th amongst the breeds registered by the American Kennel Club, down from 30th in 2000.


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West Highland White Terrier Temperament and also Personality

The Westie is complete of life, spunk, and devotion. He additionally possesses a stubborn streak — although he doesn’t normally look for a fight, he i will not ~ be caught dead walking far from one, either. Westies are usually easy to train, yet only when they feel choose it. V proper, consistent guidance, it’s possible to teach the Westie not to bark or destruction excessively, which the breed is at risk to do when bored.

This cocky male loves people, but he’s not a lap dog. He’s a little restless and also likes to it is in on the move, so be prepared to live v an elevation thinker who deserve to be noisy and also destructive if his herbal terrier instincts aren’t channeled effectively through training and exercise. Overall health permitting, keep him busy through dog sports — agility, flyball, obedience, and also rally — and also test his organic terrier ability in earthdog trials.

Westies are too short to rise onto kitchen counters, however they space not above jumping top top chairs to reach a table laden with food. Westies are sexually maturation at 6 to 12 months, so begin training your puppy early. Even at eight main old, a Westie is qualified of soaking up whatever you teach him. If possible, get him right into puppy kindergarten class by the moment he is 12 main old, and socialize, socialize, socialize. However, be conscious that countless puppy training classes require specific vaccines (like kennel cough) come be up to date, and also many vets recommend restricted exposure to various other dogs and also public areas until puppy vaccines (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) have actually been completed. In lieu of formal training, friend can begin training her puppy at home and also socializing him amongst family and friends until puppy vaccines space completed.

The perfect Westie doesn’t spring completely formed from the whelping box — he’s a product of his background and breeding. Therefore look because that a puppy whose parents have nice personalities, and who has been fine socialized from beforehand puppyhood.


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What You should Know about West Highland White Terrier Health

Westies room prone come a organize of health problems. A few will be discussed here. According to a 2007 survey carried out by the West Highland White Terrier society of America (WHWTCA), the following conditions commonly influence Westies: atopic dermatitis (inhalant allergy affecting the skin), luxating patellae (knee caps that pop out of normal position), aggression, Legg-Calvé-Perthes an illness (a disease involving the i know well joint), dry eye, Addison’s disease, white shaker dog syndrome, pulmonary fibrosis, juvenile cataracts, and also craniomandibular osteopathy (a an illness that reasons bony deformity the the jaw in puppies).

over there are right now no screening tests for some of these conditions, including craniomandibular osteopathy; allergies and other serious skin conditions; Legg-Calve-Perthes disease; and copper hepatopathy, a defect that the liver that permits elevated levels of copper to develop up in the system.

Westies can likewise develop idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, or Westie lung disease. This condition is thought to be genetic, but its true cause is unknown. In influenced dogs, the wait sacs and also connective organization of the lungs end up being inflamed and scarred, which reasons serious, steady breathing problems.

Westies with white shaker dog syndrome often tend to construct signs in between six months and three year of age. Dogs through this condition can begin trembling uncontrollably, specifically when they try to relocate or get up. In some cases, lengthy term medicine is required.

Westies are also at increased risk of developing transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urinary bladder.

Not all of these problems are detectable in a cultivation puppy, and also it deserve to be tough to predict even if it is an pet will be cost-free of this maladies, i m sorry is why you must discover a trustworthy breeder that is cursed to breeding the healthiest animals possible. Castle should have the ability to produce live independence certification the the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for hereditary defects and also deemed healthy and balanced for breeding. It is where health and wellness registries come in.

The WHWTCA participates in a program operated through the Canine health Information center (CHIC). Prior to a Westie can be detailed in the CHIC database, the WHWTCA needs that they receive a clearance indigenous the Canine Eye Registration structure (CERF), a patella review from the Orthopedic foundation for pets (OFA), and a i know well evaluation. Eye exams are recommended annually until the dog is at least eight year old, so check that the puppy’s parents’ outcomes are indigenous the previous year. Anyone deserve to search the OFA and also CHIC website to check out if a puppy’s parents room listed.

A peak breeder will additionally have documentation proving that a puppy’s parents have been tested for a mind and spinal column an illness known together globoid cabinet leukodystrophy v the Jefferson medical College room of Neurology, and pyruvate kinase deficiency v the college of Pennsylvania. This enzyme disorder reasons a potentially fatal form of anemia.


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The Basics that West Highland White Terrier Grooming

Westies have actually a double coat with a soft, furry undercoat and also a stiffer external coat. The difficult texture that the outer coat doesn’t retain dirt, maintaining the dog clean and protecting the undercoat. It’s crucial to comb or brush every the means through to the undercoat to stop mats. In general, the undercoat doesn’t flourish in until the Westie is at the very least a year old; in some cases, that can also take up to 5 years. It’s easy to keep the Westie white: once he’s a puppy, brush his coat as soon as a week, utilizing a pin brush or comb. Adult require everyday brushing.

The Westie only sheds a tiny bit, however his coat must be cut. Some people pick to use electrical clippers themselves to save money and also further bond v their Westie, while others choose the services of a expert groomer. (If cost is a concern, grooming tools can it is in purchased because that the cost of a few professional visits.)

Depending on the Westie, a clipper have the right to either make the coat softer or wavy; a hand-stripped Westie has a wirier coat. Stripping is a time-consuming process in which dead hairs are plucked by hand, a technique typically just done by owner of show dogs. Most skilled groomers aren’t willing to spend lot time doing it. If you’d favor to learn exactly how to strip a Westie’s coat, ask your breeder.

The remainder is simple care: Trim his nails together needed, usually every mainly or two. And brush his teeth daily with a vet-approved pets toothpaste for in its entirety health and also fresh breath.


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recognize a West Highland White Terrier

even if it is you want to go v a breeder or gain your dog native a sanctuary or rescue, right here are some points to store in mind.

picking a West Highland White Terrier Breeder

choosing a respected breeder is a an excellent way to uncover the appropriate puppy. Dependable breeders will welcome questions around temperament and health clearances, and explain the background of the breed and also what type of puppy provides for a an excellent pet. Nothing be shy about describing exactly what you’re searching for in a dog — breeders communicate with your puppies daily and also can make specific recommendations as soon as they understand something around your lifestyle and personality.

many breeders have websites, for this reason how deserve to you call who’s an excellent and who not? Red flags to look out for: many litters ~ above the premises, puppies constantly being available, having actually your selection of any kind of puppy, and also being available the option to pay online through a credit card. Breeders who market puppies at a reduced price “without papers” room unethical and also should be reported to the American Kennel Club. Friend should also bear in mind the buying a puppy native a website that offers to delivery the dog automatically can it is in a risky venture — it leaves you no termination if what you obtain isn’t specifically what friend expected.

To start your search, inspect out the website of the West Highland White Terrier society of America and also choose a breeder who has actually agreed come abide by the club’s password of ethics, which specifies that members not ar puppies prior to 12 weeks of age, prohibits the revenue of puppies through pet stores, and calls for the breeder to achieve recommended health clearances prior to breeding.

even if it is you’re to plan to gain your brand-new best girlfriend from a breeder, a pet store, or an additional source, nothing forget the old adage “let the buyer beware”. Disreputable breeders and also facilities that address puppy mills have the right to be hard to identify from reliable operations. There’s no 100% guaranteed method to make certain you’ll never purchase a ailing puppy, yet researching the breed (so you know what come expect), discovering the facility (to identify unhealthy problems or sick animals), and asking the ideal questions have the right to reduce the chances of heading right into a terrible situation. And also don’t forget to ask your veterinarian, who can regularly refer you to a dependable breeder, breed rescue organization, or other reliable resource for healthy and balanced puppies.

The expense of a Westie puppy varies relying on the breeder’s locale, the sex that the puppy, the titles the the puppy’s parental have, and whether the puppy is ideal suited because that the present ring or a pet home. Puppies must be temperament tested, vetted, dewormed, and also socialized to provide them a healthy, confidentstart in life.If you placed as much initiative into researching your puppy together you would as soon as buying a brand-new car, the will save you money in the long run.

prior to you decide to to buy a puppy, take into consideration whether one adult Westie may far better suit her lifestyle. Puppies are tons of fun, however they call for a good deal of time and effort before they prosper up to be the dog of your dreams. One adult may already have some training, and he’ll most likely be much less active, destructive, and also demanding 보다 a puppy. Through an adult Westie, you also know precisely what you’re getting in terms of personality and also health. If she interested in obtaining an larger dog, asking breeders about purchasing a retired display dog or one adult Westie who demands a brand-new home.

Adopting a Dog indigenous a West Highland White Terrier Rescue or Shelter

There room many great options available if you desire to take on a dog indigenous an pet shelter or each other rescue organization. Right here is just how to gain started.

1. Use the Web

Sites like Petfinder.com and also Adopt-a-Pet.com deserve to have you in search of a Westie in her area in no time flat. The site allows you to be very certain in your requests (housetraining status, because that example) or very general (all the Westies accessible on Petfinder throughout the country). AnimalShelter.org can aid you find pet rescue teams in your area. Additionally some local newspapers have actually “pets looking for homes” part you deserve to review.

society media is another good way to discover a dog. Short article on her Facebook page that you are searching for a particular breed so that your entire community can be your eyes and also ears.

2. Reach the end to local Experts

start talking through all the pet advantages in your area around your desire for a Westie. That includes vets, dog walkers, and groomers. Once someone has to make the difficult decision to offer up a dog, that human will regularly ask her own trusted network because that recommendations.

3. Speak to each other Rescue

Most world who love Westies love every Westies. It is why breed clubs have rescue organizations dedicated to taking care of homeless dogs. The West Highland White Terrier society of America’s rescue network can help you find a dog that might be the perfect companion for her family. Friend can also search online for various other Westie rescues in your area.

The an excellent thing about breed rescue teams is that they have tendency to be very upfront about any health conditions the dogs may have and are a valuable resource for advice. They likewise often sell fostering opportunities so, through training, you could lug a Westie home with girlfriend to watch what the endure is like.

4. An essential Questions come Ask

friend now understand the points to comment on with a breeder, however there are also questions friend should talk about with shelter or rescue group staff or volunteers prior to you carry home a dog. This include:

What is his energy level?

just how is he roughly other animals?

how does that respond to sanctuary workers, visitors, and children?

What is his personality like?

What is his age?

Is the housetrained?

has actually he ever before bitten or hurt anyone that they recognize of?

space there any type of known health issues?

wherever you acquire your Westie, make sure you have actually a good contract v the seller, sanctuary or rescue team that spells out duties on both sides. Petfinder offers an Adopters bill of legal rights that help you know what friend can take into consideration normal and also appropriate once you obtain a dog indigenous a shelter. In states with “puppy lemon laws,” be certain you and the person you acquire the dog from both recognize your rights and recourses.

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Puppy or adult, take your Westie to her veterinarian soon after adoption. Your veterinarian will be able to spot problems, and also will work-related with girlfriend to collection up a preventative regimen the will help you avoid numerous health issues.