smashville247.netaseSince the finish of WW1, the joined Kingdom had been the dominant naval power in west Europe, as she had been historically, blocking ship of any type of hostile European strength from venturing too far west into the Altantic Ocean. Thus, the greater emphasis of the United states Navy had been building strenghth in the Pacific Ocean, relying top top the royal Navy to safeguard the east Atlantic. Together the UK was intimidated with a potential intrusion by mid-1940, united state President Franklin Roosevelt and also the top leadership of the united state Navy understood that the British navy forces might no longer blockade German and Italian naval motion westward. Harold Stark, united state Navy chief of marine Operations, developed a brand-new expansion arrangement upon a naval bill currently passed by the us Congress ~ above 17 might 1938 in bespeak to establish a true "two-ocean Navy" that the united state needed. This brand-new expansion setup was approved by Roosevelt ~ above 14 Jun 1940. Top top 17 Jun, German troops gone into Paris, France, more pressing the worry that the UK can not it is in able to provide security alone in the Atlantic Ocean. Top top 19 Jul 1940, the united state Congress passed the Vinson-Walsh act (named after the two US Congressmen, Carl Vinson and also David Walsh, who sponsored the bill), or much better known as the "Two-Ocean marine Act", i m sorry allocated four billion dollars end the adhering to six years because that the construction of combat ships (including, however not limited to: 7 battleships, 6 battlecruisers, 18 carriers, 27 cruisers, 115 destroyers, and 43 submarines), construction of 15,000 aircraft, switch of assistant ships, contruction and renovation of facilities, and also manufacture and procurement of various munitions and also equipment. Speaking specifically, this act detailed funding for numerous of the fleet carriers and also naval aircraft that had actually a straight effect ~ above the naval battle in both the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific s (particularly the latter), and also this act detailed the resources for the united state Navy to build airfields in ~ Guam Island and Wake Island and to renovate the framework at Hawaii Islands, Philippine Islands, and also Midway Island. "
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smashville247.netaseThe united state Congress and the American people generally pertained to the Two-Ocean navy Act as an attempt to deter any type of German or Japanese consideration to wage war against the unified States.
smashville247.netaseSource: The battle of the Atlantic (Samuel Eliot Morison), Wikipedia.
Last major Update: Nov 2009
Two-Ocean marine Act Timeline
|17 Jun 1940||US cook of marine Operations Admiral Harold R. Stark asked for US$4,000,000,000 to construct a "Two-Ocean Navy".|
|19 Jul 1940||The Two-Ocean navy Act to be passed by the united state Congress.|
|14 Aug 1940||Roosevelt approved what later ended up being the Two-Ocean marine Act.|
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1. Richard Vert says:27 Feb 2015 09:41:31 AMAmericans take so much for granted today and have no idea how fortunate we really are.We fan the ww2 generation everything for standing versus the axis and preserving our freedom. That can't be claimed enough and should be taught to our youngsters in school.So many think what we have is simply handed to us. That wasn't , and it won't be simple to keep.
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