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The post-and-lintel device is a simple method of building involving the usage of vertical and also horizontal elements. The verticals assistance the horizontals, developing one storey that a building. Added verticals have the right to be inserted atop the horizontals to create structures with more than one level. This way of building was incredibly important for the style of old Greece. That is ease and also utility made it a popular choice even after other techniques of building had to be developed.

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THE POST-AND-LINTEL IN MINOAN CIVILIZATION

Knowledge the Minoan world in the palace Periods (the Old Palace duration through new Palace Period, or middle Minoan IB with Late Minoan IIIA1, 1925 – 1380 BCE) comes down to the modern age with excavations of the good palace complexes left on Crete by the Minoans. These grand structures were built entirely through post-and-lintel construction. In the archaeological record, the is possible to see where a first level of posts would have stood, and the placement of lintels atop them is easily deduced. Native this point, making guesses around the construction of a structure becomes much more difficult. The higher levels of a building leave no trace in the historical record, for this reason the visibility of a 2nd or additional stories have the right to only ever by hypothesized.

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The palace of Knossos was created with posts and also lintels

THE POST-AND-LINTEL IN MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATION

Architecture in the Mycenaean duration (Late Helladic IIIA – IIIB, c. 1425 – 1190 BCE) additionally relied heavily on post-and-lintel construction. Mycenaean architects experimented v the usage of posts and lintels as elements of more complicated architectural plans. Two instances of this type of innovation have the right to be discovered in the Lion door of Mycenae and also Treasury that Atreus. The Lion door of Mycenae demonstrates how an aspect of post-and-lintel building can be inserted within a different architectural context. In this case, the post-and-lintel gateway is in ~ a section of the citadel walls of Mycenae composed of ashlar stonework (stone blocks laid in right lines). Here it is also possible to see secondary architectural innovation, the relieving triangle. The relieving triangle is design to reduce the weight put on a lintel. In this case, the carved piece exhibiting the renowned lions is composed of a kind of stone lighter in weight than the neighboring blocks (Biers, p. 68).

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The Lion gate at Mycenae

The Treasury the Atreus, a tholos dig at Mycenae (dating to center Late Helladic IIIB) exhibits similar innovations to those viewed in the Lion Gate. In this case, however, just a lintel is used. The lintel is inserted over walls make of block of stone, acting together the height of the doorway into the tomb. The walls, while no strictly posts, execute the very same architectural function in holding up the lintel. The Treasury of Atreus also has a relieving triangle, although the rock that filled it is absent - today it is only possible to view the hole wherein it sat. The relieving triangle assisted lessen the weight inserted upon the lintel by the corbel-vaulted tomb. Interestingly, the lintel of the Treasury that Atreus was itself was astonishingly heavy. Its inside piece, measuring nine meters long, 5 meters wide, and 1.2 meters thick, weighs 120 tons (Biers, p. 78)

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A watch of the interior of the Treasury that Atreus

THE POST-AND-LINTEL IN temple ARCHITECTURE

Greek holy places are highly aesthetic, closely decorated, and also often significant in scale, yet in spite of all this complexity, temples are engineered with the straightforward post-and-lintel technique of construction. As the Ionic and also Doric were developed in the saturday century BCE, Greek architects ongoing to count upon the tested post-and-lintel scheme.

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Posted in ~ Dec 12/2007 06:12PM:keffie: Nice use of a common architectural feature in several various examples.