PROFILE: Henry T. Sampson - Director that Planning and Operations Directorate the the an are Test Program, Aerospace copy, group (retired), El Segundo, CA.

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Born in Jackson, Mississippi, he got a Bachelor of Science degree from Purdue college in 1956. He went on come the university of California, Los Angeles, where he graduated through an MSc degree in design in 1961; college of Illinois Urbana-Champaign for an MSc in Nuclear engineering in 1965, and a doctor in 1967.

On July 6th, 1971, Dr. Sampson developed the “gamma-electric cell”, which comes to nuclear reactor use. Follow to Dr. Sampson, the Gamma electric Cell, patented July 6, 1971, Patent No. 3,591,860 produces stable high-voltage output and also current come detect radiation in the ground.

Cellular telephony has spawned a multi-billion dissension industry and also has freed tens of countless people, both in ~ home and also at work, to interact anywhere, any time. Plenty of would have thought the he would certainly be ~ above the Times and Forbes magazines next to Bill Gate and Steve jobs for discovering one the the biggest creations of ours time.

Mobile interactions took a big step front in 1983, v the invention of the cellular system regulating the portable telephones, which use radio waves to transmit and also receive audio signals. Before this time, mobile telephone organization in the unified States, consisting mostly of car phones, to be extremely limited because metropolitan areas had just one antenna for these purposes.

In addition, the Federal communications Commission (FCC) assigned only 12 come 24 frequencies to every area, which intended that just that numerous calls might occur at a time. These limitations regularly meant a wait of as much as 30 minutes because that a dial tone and a 5 to 10-year waiting list simply to obtain the service.

With the creation of cellular phone company in 1983, an individual communications no longer depended on wires. In the 1990s, it would become feasible to attach to the web from virtually everywhere in the people using a portable computer and a cellular modem with satellite service.


Upon earning his bachelor’s level in design from Purdue University, Henry T. Sampson search to start his career in his home state of Mississippi; however, racial attitudes in the south in the mid-1950s prevented that from finding work-related there. He saw China Lake, California because that a civil business job v the U.S.Naval Ordnance check Station, working in the locations of high-energy hard propellants and also case bonding products for heavy rocket motors from 1956 to 1961.

Sampson pursued MS and also PhD levels under professor George H.Miley, in the department of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, then returned to California to work for Aerospace Corporation. Together director the planning and operations because that the company’s room test program, that led an elderly engineering staff in the planning, acquisition, development, launching, and an are operation of several satellites. Throughout his 30 year at Aerospace, that performed research studies to evaluate the applications of nuclear, photovoltaic, and magnetohydrodynamic strength for advanced, high-power satellite programs. He likewise developed a computer simulation program to advice the power of various varieties of hybrid automobile and also city bus power solution over standardization driving cycles. His group planned and noted lead technical support for miscellaneous Air Force building contractors who developed and successfully launched and also operated 13 short earth-orbit satellites carrying speculative payloads. Sampson additionally served on an elevation launch readiness testimonial team because that the first launch that Milstar, a satellite communications system that provides secure, jam-resistant,worldwide communications to accomplish wartime requirements for the U.S. Military.

Sampson has actually written several technical papers and has to be granted patents on developments related to that research. Among Sampson’s most notable engineering accomplishments is his co-invention that the gamma electrical cell, patented in 1971.

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In addition to his occupational at Aerospace Corporation, Sampson is known as among the most crucial Black authors of this century. His area that concentration is the Black existence in the film and entertainment industries. His considerable writings are recognized as important source material for anyone researching this long-neglected area the American history.

His levels include: BS, 1956, chemistry Engineering, Purdue University: MS, 1961, Engineering, university of California-Los Angeles: MS, 1965, nuclear Engineering, university of Illinois in ~ Urbana-Champaign: PhD, 1967, nuclear Engineering, college of Illinois in ~ Urbana-Champaign