In our everyday encounters with various other people, we use these paragraph over and over.
You are watching: How do you say hi how are you in spanish
They aren’t just straightforward questions—in fact, sometimes they aren’t really inquiries at all—but variations on a an extremely commonplace greeting.
This form of greeting isn’t so different in Spanish, yet if you’ve ever spent much more than 5 minutes in a Spanish classroom, you may think you’ve currently learned everything about how to say “How are you?” in Spanish that there is to know.
Maybe her teacher or her language companion starts every session through “¿Cómo estás?”
And girlfriend respond, by memory, with “Bien, gracias. ¿Y tú?”
This is a totally fine exchange, and also it’ll suffice as a an easy greeting.
But, let’s be honest: it can obtain a tiny boring. It’s additionally just no realistic to assume that all her Spanish conversations with indigenous speakers will certainly go this way.
In this post, you’ll discover eight other ways to to speak “How are you?” in Spanish that room a little an ext exciting.
We’ll even administer some proper responses.
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The simple Greeting: ¿Cómo Estás?
You need to learn the basics prior to you can move previous them, that course.
The most simple greeting that you would usage to questioning “How space you?” to one person, in an informal setting, is:
¿Cómo estás? (How are you?)
A slight variation ~ above this greeting is ¿Cómo estás tú? This method exactly the exact same thing, but includes the optional pronoun tú (you).
In Spanish, the means you conjugate a verb transforms depending on how many civilization you’re addressing, and on whether you’re in a officially or not blocked situation. In this case, the crucial verb is estar (to be).
(If you’re unclear on verb conjugation, check out this straightforward guide to conjugating the Spanish present tense.)
So, depending upon who you’re speak to, girlfriend may need to slightly change your conjugation. Because that each the the examples below, I’ll carry out the appropriate pronoun in parentheses. As with tú in the instance above, this pronouns are optional and also do not affect the definition of the sentence.
¿Cómo está (usted)?
The pronoun usted refers come a singular “you” in a official situation. Usage this greeting once talking to a stranger, someone much older 보다 you or who in a place of superiority. For example, you can use ¿Cómo está? when greeting her friend’s grandfather, your boss, her professor, the queen of Spain and also so on.
¿Cómo están (ustedes)?
Ustedes refers to a plural “you.” use it once greeting 2 or an ext people at the very same time.
Across Latin America, ustedes can be offered in officially or informal situations. In Spain, it’s used exclusively in formal cases (like usted).
¿Cómo estáis (vosotros)?
If you happen to be speak Spanish in Spain, use vosotros as soon as talking come a group of people in casual situation, together as once you’re speak to a group of friends.
There are numerous ways come respond come the greeting “How room you?”
In Spanish, a safe an answer is:
Bien, gracias. ¿Y tú? (Fine, thanks. And you?)
This is a polite and simple method to store the conversation going.
Of course, if you’re in a formal case or talk to much more than one person, you’ll want to instead of tú for usted, ustedes or vosotros where appropriate.
Why You should Go past the Basics v “How space You?”
Sure, the above will gain you through an easy Spanish conversations. But why protect against there? there are lots of methods to greet and also be greeted in Spanish—it’s a great idea to know much more than one.
Learning alternate greetings can permit you to differ your ton to suit more formal or casual situations. you wouldn’t greet your finest friend the same way you would greet a client, right? It’s the same in Spanish—different greetings sound an ext natural in various company.
Plus, varying your speech fads helps friend sound an ext like a native speaker. I’ll bet once you speak in English, you don’t continually repeat the expression “How space you?” friend probably readjust it up with phrases prefer “How’s that going?” or “What’s walking on?” Moving beyond “How room you?” method moving past classroom Spanish and learning real-world Spanish.
Not come mention, learning slangy choices to usual phrases have the right to be a the majority of fun. If you’re ever unsure about a slang term, language student forums prefer the ones in ~ WordReference can be an excellent resources.
Finally, it’s an excellent to increase your vocabulary because—duh!—native speakers will usage these phrases once they talk to you! when they do, you’ll want to understand and be able to respond.“How room You?” in Spanish: 8 methods to readjust Up This Greeting
For each of these greetings, I’ll let you know exactly how to politely respond. You can, of course, also respond to any type of of these greetings by letting your conversation companion know how you’re actually doing.
But as soon as you’re talking through strangers or acquaintances, it’s great to know exactly how to offer a noncommittal response like “It’s every good” or “Oh, nothing much.”
Unclear on just how to pronounce any type of of the native in this post? Forvo is a an excellent resource with crowd-sourced pronunciations noted by aboriginal speakers.
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¿Cómo andas (tú)?
The verb andar means “to walk” or “to go,” therefore this greeting is comparable to the English “How’s that going?” It’s slightly more casual and also slangy 보다 the an easy ¿Cómo estás?
Andar is a consistent -ar verb, therefore its various other conjugations are:
¿Cómo anda (usted)?
¿Cómo andan (ustedes)?
¿Cómo andáis (vosotros)?
You have the right to respond to this in the same way you would certainly respond come ¿Cómo estás? An answer prefer Bien (good), Bastante bien (pretty good) or Muy bien (very good) is appropriate.
¿Qué me cuentas?
This greeting is rather slangy. It literally translates to “What carry out you tell me?” Think the it together a Spanish identical to the English “What’s going on?”
It would be a tiny awkward to use this greeting in the usted form since it’s so informal—but here are all of the conjugations just in case.
For usted: ¿Qué me cuenta?
For ustedes: ¿Qué me cuentan?
For vosotros: ¿Qué me contáis?
Note right here that contar is a stem-changing verb!
If who asked friend “What’s going on?” in English, you might respond through “Oh, no much.” It’s similar in Spanish. If who asks you ¿Qué me cuentas? you might respond v something like:
Nada en especial. (Nothing special.)
Lo normal. (The usual.)
No mucho. (Not much.)
It would certainly sound a tiny strange come respond with something like Bien, gracias. This might be tricky to save track of, yet if you practice enough, you’ll unconsciously start to realize what solution sounds right and what sound awkward.
¿Cómo car va?
This greeting converts to something choose “How’s the going?” It can be used in official or unshened situations. In this case, to readjust the greeting you’ll have to change the indirect thing pronoun native te to le, les or os.
For usted: ¿Cómo le va?
For ustedes: ¿Cómo les va?
For vosotros: ¿Cómo os va?
When responding come this, you have the right to re-use the verb va (it goes), native the infinitive ir (to go).
Me va bien. (It’s walking well.)
Me va mal. (It’s walk badly.)
You deserve to replace bien or mal with any other ideal adjective you deserve to think of. Some examples are espectacular (spectacular), genial (great), normal (normal), regular (just okay) or terrible (terrible).
¿Cómo va todo?
Very comparable to the last one, this phrase translates come “How’s every little thing going?”
Luckily, in this instance there room no verb to conjugate and also no indirect objects to readjust around—you can use this same greeting nevertheless of what case you’re in.
To respond, you have the right to say Va todo ___, filling in every little thing adjective suits her mood. (See over for examples.)
¿Cómo van las cosas?
This greeting means “How are things?” favor the vault case, there is no require for shortcut here, due to the fact that the verb van (they go) refers to the noun las cosas (the things).
If somebody asks friend this, you have the right to respond v a basic Bien (good) or Mal (bad), or you have the right to make a complete sentence such as:
Las cosas van bien. (Things room going well.)
This is casual greeting to be used amongst friends in a casual setting. It is comparable to the English “What’s up?”
However, unequal the English “What’s up?” you have to not respond come ¿Qué tal? with “Nothing much” or any type of variant thereof. Instead, respond v an adjective—bien, mal, regular, genial, terrible, etc.—like you would respond to ¿Cómo estás?
This at sight informal greeting literally converts to “What is there?” and also should only be used in an extremely casual, trusted situations. You deserve to think that it as a shortening the ¿Qué hay de nuevo? (What’s new?). Again, no conjugations come worry about here.
A good, accordingly casual an answer to this greeting would be something like Todo bien (all good) or No me quejo (can’t complain).
This Spanish greeting has crossed over into English-language slang, so friend may already be acquainted with it! It’s one more super colloquial method to asking “What’s up?” or “What’s going on?”
A normal an answer would be part variant of Nada or Lo normal. See the section on ¿Qué me cuentas? for some instances of good responses.
The next time you have to greet who in Spanish, move out of her comfort zone!
You wouldn’t just repeat “How are you?” over and also over again in your native language, and also there’s no factor to perform so in Spanish.
Native speakers will pick up on your varied vocabulary, and also it’ll make you sound much an ext natural.
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