Would you choose to know about Spanish numbers, and how to count from 1-100 in Spanish?
In this article, i share whatever you should know about numbers in Spanish. Ns cover what the Spanish numbers are, instances of just how to usage them, and also so much more.
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In situation you to be wondering how to to speak “numbers” in Spanish, that números. words for “number” in Spanish is número.
So, let"s find out some números, starting with Spanish cardinal numbers!
Spanish because that Numbers 1-10
Let"s start with the basics. Here are the cardinal numbers in Spanish from 1-10:
1 – uno2 – dos3 – tres4 – cuatro5 – cinco6 – seis7 – siete8 – ocho9 – nueve10 – diez
1 – 100 Spanish Numbers
Now for the Spanish number 1 come 100. ~ you"ve check out these, I"ll explain some tricks because that remembering them.
|1 uno||2 dos||3 tres||4 cuatro||5 cinco|
|6 seis||7 siete||8 ocho||9 nueve||10 diez|
|11 once||12 doce||13 trece||14 catorce||15 quince|
|16 dieciséis||17 diecisiete||18 dieciocho||19 diecinueve||20 veinte|
|21 veintiuno||22 veintidós||23 veintitrés||24 veinticuatro||25 veinticinco|
|26 veintiséis||27 veintisiete||28 veintiocho||29 veintinueve||30 treinta|
|31 treinta y uno||32 treinta y dos||33 treinta y tres||34 treinta y cuatro||35 treinta y cinco|
|36 treinta y seis||37 treinta y siete||38 treinta y ocho||39 treinta y nueve||40 cuarenta|
|41 cuarenta y uno||42 cuarenta y dos||43 cuarenta y tres||44 cuarenta y cuatro||45 cuarenta y cinco|
|46 cuarenta y seis||47 cuarenta y siete||48 cuarenta y ocho||49 cuarenta y nueve||50 cincuenta|
|51 cincuenta y uno||52 cincuenta y dos||53 cincuenta y tres||54 cincuenta y cuatro||55 cincuenta y cinco|
|56 cincuenta y seis||57 cincuenta y siete||58 cincuenta y ocho||59 cincuenta y nueve||60 sesenta|
|61 sesenta y uno||62 sesenta y dos||63 sesenta y tres||64 sesenta y cuatro||65 sesenta y cinco|
|66 sesenta y seis||67 sesenta y siete||68 sesenta y ocho||69 sesenta y nueve||70 setenta|
|71 setenta y uno||72 setenta y dos||73 setenta y tres||74 setenta y cuatro||75 setenta y cinco|
|76 setenta y seis||77 setenta y siete||78 setenta y ocho||79 setenta y nueve||80 ochenta|
|81 ochenta y uno||82 ochenta y dos||83 ochenta y tres||84 ochenta y cuatro||85 ochenta y cinco|
|86 ochenta y seis||87 ochenta y siete||88 ochenta y ocho||89 ochenta y nueve||90 noventa|
|91 noventa y uno||92 noventa y dos||93 noventa y tres||94 noventa y cuatro||95 noventa y cinco|
|96 noventa y seis||97 noventa y siete||98 noventa y ocho||99 noventa y nueve||100 cien|
Take a watch and try to spot the patterns. Ns recommend you follow these actions to gain all the numbers into your head:Learn the numbers for 1-15. There"s no real pattern, girlfriend just have to learn them: uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez, once, doce, trece, catorce, quince. learn the numbers for the multiples that ten: veinte, treinta, cuarenta, cincuenta, sesenta, setenta, ochenta, noventa. A couple of tips to assist you remember: • various other than veinte, they all finish in -enta • other than veinte (again), lock all have a clear partnership with the associated smaller number: cuatro cuarenta, ocho ochenta, etc.
Then, you deserve to fill in the gaps with a simple formula:For number from 16-19, take it the rightmost digit and also say “diez + y + (digit)”. E.g. 17 = “diez + y + siete” = “diez y siete”, which contracts to diecisiete. This is much like how in English 16 is “six-ten” i.e. “sixteen”.For numbers above twenty, simply take the “tens” number (veinte, treinta, etc.) and also the “ones” number (uno, dos, etc.) and stick y (“and”) in the middle. E.g. 31 = “thirty and one” = treinta y uno.The only extra thing to be conscious of is that numbers indigenous 21-29 obtain contracted right into a single word – so rather of “veinte y cuatro”, it"s “veinticuatro”.
Finally, don’t forget:zero – cero (this one should be straightforward to remember!)100 – cien (note the attach with English words like “century” or “percent“.)
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Counting Spanish number 1 – 1000+
For number from 100 come 199, use ciento:101 – ciento uno129 – ciento veintinueve195 – ciento noventa y cinco
(Note that you don"t need to add y after ciento – it"s ciento uno, not ciento y uno.)
For number from 200 come 999, girlfriend must first learn the multiples the 100.200 – doscientos300 – trescientos400 – cuatrocientos500 – quinientos600 – seiscientos700 – setecientos800 – ochocientos900 – novecientos
These numbers have masculine and also feminine forms, and also so they must agree with the noun:setecientas personas – “seven hundreds people”ochocientos libros = “eight hundred books”
The just two new words you require to find out are mil (1,000) and also un millón (1,000,000).
Note: 1,000 is mil, no un mil. For un millón, you can"t leave the end the un.
The only time you"ll see un mil is in numbers like cuarenta y un mil (41,000). You should put one un in this number to distinguish it native cuarenta mil (40,000).
Forming brand-new numbers with mil and un millón is nice straightforward together well:1,000 – mil1,001 – mil uno (not “mil y uno”!)1,686 – mil seiscientos ochenta y seis2,001 – dos mil uno20,000 – veinte mil100,000 – cien mil483,382 – cuatrocientos ochenta y tres mil trescientos ochenta y dos1,000,000 – un millón6,492,000 – seis millones cuatrocientos noventa y dos mil
Finally, keep in mind that as soon as you"re making use of un millón or millones through a noun, you have to use de. Because that example, “one million books” is un millón de libros. Literally, “one million of books”.
Billions and also Trillions in Spanish (They’re not What you Think)
What carry out you think the Spanish native billón and also trillón mean? Did friend guess “billion” and also “trillion”? Sadly, things aren"t that simple.
In the English-speaking world, a “billion” is one thousands millions (1,000,000,000) and a “trillion” is one thousands billions (1,000,000,000,000). In various other words, every “step up” involves multiplying by 1,000.
Not anyone does it choose this! Our way is called the “short scale” numbering system. However many countries about the people – consisting of most Spanish-speaking countries – use the “long scale” system.
In this system, a “billion” is one million millions, and a “trillion” is one million billions. Rather than multiply by a thousand every time, you multiply by a million.
So Spanish words prefer billón don"t “match up” through their English counterparts prefer you might expect:un millón – one million = 1,000,000un millardo (or “mil millones”) – one exchange rate = 1,000,000,000un billón – one trillion = 1,000,000,000,000mil billones – one quadrillion = 1,000,000,000,000,000un trillón – one quintillion = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000
(By the way, in the past, American English used the short-scale mechanism while brothers English used the long-scale system. This is no much longer true – all dialects that English now use the short-scale system.)
How carry out You pronounce Spanish Numbers?
So just how do you to speak Spanish numbers? If you have actually trouble pronouncing the words, then take a hear to this video:
Spanish because that “One”: Un, Uno, or Una?
Spanish doesn"t distinguish between “one” and “a” in the same means that English does. Un libro have the right to mean “a book” or “one book”.
When friend think about it, those 2 phrases typical the same thing; the only difference is in emphasis.
But the word uno changes to enhance the sex of the noun that describes. Before a feminine noun, it i do not care una. Prior to a woman noun, friend drop the o and just usage un.
Some examples:Un libro – “a book/one book”. Fall the “o” native uno since it"s followed by a woman noun.Una mesa – “a table/one table”. Readjust uno to una because it"s followed by a feminine noun.Tengo uno – “I have actually one”. Uno is unchanged because it"s not followed by a noun.“¿Hay preguntas?” “Solo una.” – “Any questions?” “Only one”. In this case, you use una since you"re introduce to a pregunta (“question”), i beg your pardon is a feminine word.
Spanish for 100: Cien or Ciento?
The number 100 have the right to be translated into Spanish as either cien or ciento. What"s the difference?
You should use cien as soon as you have specifically one hundred of something:Cien personas – one hundreds peopleCien libros – one hundred books
Use ciento as part of a bigger number, prefer ciento uno because that “one hundred and one”.
Breaking up Spanish Numbers: Dots or Commas?
In English, it"s conventional to rest up huge numbers with a comma every 3 digits to help readability. So rather of creating “1048710123901”, we create “1,048,710,123,901”.
We also mark the decimal allude with a dot, therefore “one half” is “0.5”.
Be careful! In Spanish-speaking countries – together in plenty of other components of the world – these conventions room reversed. They usage a comma for decimals and break up large numbers through dots. Or, they placed a space between every 3 digits.
So my 2 examples above would be created as “1.048.710.123.901” (or “1 048 710 123 901”) and “0,5”.
How come Say “…and a Half” in Spanish
In English, we regularly abbreviate the names of numbers by saying “… and a half”, “… and a third”, and so on.
So instead of speak “two thousand five hundred”, an English speaker can say “two and a half thousand”. Instead of “one million five hundred thousand”, they might say “one and also a fifty percent million”.
I often notification Spanish world getting this wrong once they speak English. They placed the “and a half” in the wrong place – instead of saying (for example) “one and a fifty percent million”, they speak “one million and also a half”. That"s due to the fact that they"re translating directly from exactly how they"d to speak in Spanish – un millón y medio.
Try not to make the the opposite mistake once you speak Spanish. To speak un millón y medio, no un y medio millón.
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Ordinal numbers in Spanish
So much I’ve just talked around cardinal number – one, two, three, etc. You also need to discover the ordinal numbers – first, second, third, fourth, etc.