Location history Climate animals Plants PeopleNorthern Lights and also the Midnight Sun

The words Arctic Circle might scare some, particularly those who aren’t fond the the cold. However, the Arctic has actually a lot an ext going top top than just a frigid, barren landscape. Nothing confuse it with its (literal) polar opposite, the Antarctic. The Arctic is surrounded by ocean and also masses that land, whereas the Antarctic is surrounding by nothing yet stormy seas and also ice (and penguins!). The Arctic is teeming v life – human, plant and also animal (well, a few humans, anyway). The Arctic also experiences a summer and is not repeatedly shrouded in ice and also snow. The Arctic Circle consists of part amazing and also beautiful surprises.

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Artic Cicle Highlights


Pictures in order left to right, optimal to bottom:Wild Musk Ox; Aurora Borealis viewing; Trans-Alaska pipeline in fall; Caribou near Prudhoe Bay; Dalton Highway & Pipeline phibìc of the Brooks Range. Midnight Sun close to the Arctic Ocean.


LOCATION

The most northerly of the five significant circles the latitude spans roughly 7,700,000 square miles, around 4% that the Earth’s surface. The Arctic Circle overcome through northern America, Greenland, north Asia, the Scandinavian Peninsula, and the Arctic Ocean. Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, the United claims (Alaska), Canada, Denmark (Greenland), and also Iceland space the 8 nations containing land in the Arctic Circle. The Arctic Circle’s latitude depends on the Earth’s axial tilt, which way it’s place is not fixed. The Earth’s axial tilt fluctuates within 2 levels over a 40,000 year period. This fluctuation is present since of tidal pressures resulting indigenous the orbit the the moon. Together a result, the Arctic circle is gradually drifting northwards at around 49ft (15m) every year.



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Arctic Circle indigenous Fairbanks, Alaska
HISTORY

The Arctic has actually severe climate conditions, however that hasn’t stopped humans from inhabiting the area.

– 10,000 year ago: humans began occurring arctic land, being the very first natives that the region. Native then until the 15th century, this northern nation was mostly made up of hunters and gatherers with no centralization or hierarchy.

-15th Century: very first wave the European colonization began. Norway, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, and Russia started relocating towards the north.

-16th Century: europe expansion starts in the Americas. Gold and riches lured the British and also French come explore. European traders exported furs come Europe.

-1867: Russian realm sells Alaska to America

-Present: The Arctic one is house to about 4 million people along with various polar stations and meteorological centers, large and modern-day cities, huge industrial enterprises, and also sea and land move routes.
CLIMATE

Long, cold winters and also short, cool summers are characteristics of the Arctic climate. Sea ice, glacial ice, or eye covers some parts if the Arctic year round, and almost all of the Arctic experiences lengthy periods that the year with some form of surface ar ice. Winter temperatures have the right to drop below -58° F (-50° C) ,and summer temperatures can occasionally exceed 86° F (30° C). Now, the Arctic is significant as the climatic laboratory for the remainder of the planet.


ANIMALS

The Arctic circle is wherein polar bears, Arctic foxes, wolves and reindeer can be found, and various species of birds such together snowy owls, bald eagles and also those ever-so-charming puffins (no penguins!). The Arctic Ocean gives a home for various varieties of whales, seals, walruses, fish and plankton.


PLANTS

Although the Arctic is sometimes thought of as a ar devoid that life, over 20,000 types of plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms do the Arctic home. Vegetation contains grasses, sedges, polar poppies, willow shrubs, dwarf birch, lichens, liverworts, and mosses. In some places like the Chukotka Peninsula and also Wrangle Island, 40 types of plants and also animals aren’t discovered anywhere else on the planet.


PEOPLE

The native human being who inhabit the Arctic differ throughout the countries had in the Arctic Circle. There space members of the Athabaskan language household who live in Alaska and Canada, the Inuit and also Inupiat. The Russian North consists of the Komi, the Sakha and also the Karelians. A group dubbed the Saami live in the north of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. These people still count upon and also utilize the land and sea for food and for clothing. Barrow is the most populated and also northernmost city that Alaska with a population of around 4,500.


NORTHERN LIGHTS and THE MIDNIGHT SUN

Due to the position of the Arctic one on the planet, summer is a time of abundant light; and also on the night that the northern summer solstice, part of the sun might be seen above the horizon in ~ midnight! Darkness is a act in the Arctic, together well. As the sun starts setup again and also the nights prosper dark, depending on solar activity, the north Lights or Aurora Borealis might light up the skies with breathtaking motion of color.


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ARTIC CIRCLE quick FACTS

What is the Arctic Circle? An imaginary heat encircling the earth, This heat is situated at latitude 66 33′ North. In the Arctic Circle, the sun does not set on summer solstice (June 20 or 21) and is does not climb on winter solstice (December 21 or 22). The father north you travel, over there are an ext days with 24-hour sunlight during the summer months or 24-hour darkness in the winter months. At the north Pole, the sunlight does not set for 180 days.

“Arctic” originates from the work-related “arktikos”, the Greek word for bear. The reason is that Ursa Major, the an excellent Bear constellation is regarded in the northern sky.

The Arctic Circle marks the an ar above which, because that at the very least 1 job a year, over there is all day sunshine in the summer and also 24-hours of darkness in the winter.

The shortest temperature recorded in the Arctic is -68C (-90.4F) in Siberia

Antarctica is colder than the Arctic. The lowest tape-recorded temperature was -89.2C (128.6F).

The Arctic s covers 5.4 million square miles, i beg your pardon is much more than the area that Europe.

The heat of the Arctic circle is around 1,650 miles southern of the phibìc Pole.

Grey whales move 12,500 from the Arctic to Mexico and ago every year.

Eight countries extend right into the Arctic: Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Canada and also the USA (Alaska).

Mainland Iceland is actually below the Arctic yet the icelandic island of Grimsey lies precisely on the Arctic Circle.

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If all of the ice in the Arctic melted, the an international sea level would certainly rise around 24 feet. If every one of the ice in Antarctica melted, sea levels would rise about 200 feet.