The vagina is a versatile tube that joins the uterus come the vulva. Vaginas vary among individuals in color, size, and shape.


Getting to know what the inside of a vagina look at like and what is normal for every individual can assist people feel an ext familiar with their body. It deserve to also assist with identify abnormal changes.

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Here, us look in ~ the anatomy that the vagina and also how to execute a self-exam. We additionally discuss symptom that have the right to indicate a health issue with the vagina and also explain as soon as to watch a doctor.


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The vagina is one elastic tube the connects the uterus and cervix to the vulva. The vagina is around 3 inches long.

The form of a vagina deserve to vary from human to person. Part vaginas are oval prefer an egg, when others have the right to be much more cylindrical.

The opening of the vagina is between the urethra, v which urine pipeline the body, and also the anus.

The vaginal opening is where blood pipeline the body throughout menstruation, a penis enters during sexual intercourse, and also a baby pipeline the body throughout birth.

The hymen is a slim layer of tissue that surrounds and also partially consist of the vaginal opening. Sex-related intercourse or exercise have the right to stretch or tear it.

The cervix associate the uterus to the vagina. A little hole in the cervix permits menstrual blood and also sperm to pass through. Throughout childbirth, the cervix dilates.

The vagina expands through arousal and sexual stimulation. Throughout sexual arousal, the uterus and cervix elevator upward, elongating the vagina. Civilization refer to this process as tenting.

The Bartholin’s glands are on either next of the quality opening. People cannot normally see or feeling these glands. Throughout arousal, the glands release liquid that lubricates the vagina.

The Gräfenberg spot, or G spot, sit a couple of inches inside the vagina at the front. During arousal, the G clues swells.

The area visible externally, the vulva, is what many world refer to together the vagina. However, the only part of the vagina visible exterior of the body is the quality opening. The vulva has the labia minora and majora, or the “lips,” which safeguard the vaginal opening. Learn more about the vulva here.


A human being can bring out a self-exam of your vagina to check for any type of unusual transforms that may suggest a health and wellness issue. Self-exams are helpful alongside constant gynecologist pelvic examinations and cervical screening.

People can lug out a self-exam of their vagina when they are not menstruating. Because that a self-exam, they will certainly need:

a handheld mirrora little light or torchpillows, for comfort

People can lug out a self-exam by following these steps:

Wash the hands v soap and also water.Remove clothing from listed below the waist.Lean versus a wall surface or pillows to assistance the body.Bend the knees, keeping both feet flat on the floor and the legs broad apart.Hold the mirror and light in prior of the vagina.Use one hand to spread out the opening of the vagina.Place a finger inside the vagina and also gently feeling the wall surfaces of the vagina, which will certainly feel comparable to the roof the the mouth.Feel for any type of lumps, bumps, or raised areas that can be sores or unexplained growths.To feeling for the cervix, the may aid to relocate to a squatting position.Gently insert the finger deeper into the vagina to feel the cervix, which may feel comparable to the pointer of the nose.

Vaginal discharge can readjust slightly in consistency and color throughout the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause. Healthy and balanced discharge is normally clear come white or pale yellow, and also it have the right to have a soft odor.

If a person notices any far-reaching change in their vaginal discharge, this can indicate an basic issue. The individual can see their medical professional for a checkup and report any type of other symptoms.


A variety of problems can impact the vagina and also how that looks and feels inside. Signs and symptoms of problems affecting the vagina may encompass unusual discharge, pain, or clearly shows changes.

Here are some health conditions that may affect the inside of the vagina:

Vaginitis

Vaginitis is an inflammation or irritation of the vulva or vagina. There are many causes, consisting of sexual activity, diminished estrogen levels, or douching. Symptoms of vaginitis include:

a red, itchy, or ill vulva or vaginaan itching or burn sensation in the vagina or vulvapain during sexfrequent or stinging urinationabnormal discharge

Vaginismus

Vaginismus is a sudden tightening the the muscles surrounding the vagina the occurs when a person tries to insert something into it. Vaginismus is an automatic response of the body end which the person has no control.

Symptoms include:

trouble inserting a tampon right into the vaginadifficulty with vaginal penetrationa burn sensation or stinging pain during sex

Sexually sent infections

Sexually sent epidemic (STIs) can reason symptoms in and also around the vagina. Countless of these STIs may show up without noticeable symptoms, or they may seem comparable to various other conditions, such together vaginal infections.

Due to the overlap in symptoms between different STIs, that is not usually possible to diagnose one based upon the symptom alone. Therefore, anyone who experiences symptom in this component of the body should visit a healthcare skilled to experience diagnostic tests.

Some STIs that influence vaginal health include:

Genital warts

Symptoms the genital warts include:

a little collection that flesh-colored bumps around the genitals or within the vagina, i m sorry may have a cauliflower-like texturebumps approximately the mouth and also lipsan itching and also burning emotion or discomfortTrichomoniasis

If world have trichomoniasis, they might experience:

foamy, yellow-green dischargefoul odor dischargespots the blood in the dischargediscomfort as soon as urinatingitching, redness, or burning roughly the genitalsGonorrhea

Gonorrhea shares symptoms with vaginal infections. Return some human being with this STI will certainly not experience any kind of symptoms, those who do may notice:

a burning sensation or pain as soon as urinatingan increase in vaginal dischargebleeding between periodspainful bowel movementsitching or soreness around the vul Chlamydia

Chlamydia go not always produce symptoms, yet when it does, these may include:

abnormal dischargeburning sensation once urinatingpain in the rectumbleeding in between periods

Vaginal infections

An overgrowth that yeast and also bacteria in the vagina can reason infections, including:

thrush

Symptoms that a vaginal infection include:

gray, green, or yellow dischargea burning or stinging sensation when urinatingpain or bleeding throughout sexswelling, pain, or redness the the vaginaitching sensation of the vaginaunusual or foul smelling quality odorodorless discharge the resembles cottage cheese

Vaginal cancer

Vaginal cancer can cause symptoms if it diffusion deeper right into the wall surfaces of the vagina or the neighboring areas. Symptoms include:

vaginal bleeding after ~ sexabnormal dischargefeeling a lump in the vaginapainful sexpain once urinatingpain in the pelvis, reduced abdomen, or backconstipationswelling in the legs

In some cases, a human may have vulvar cancer, i m sorry can additionally cause painful sexual intercourse, bleeding, and also pain, among other symptoms. However, both of this cancers room rare.

Vaginal prolapse

Vaginal prolapse happens once the uterus, bladder, or bowel descends right into the vagina. Quality prolapse can occur as a an outcome of pregnancy, childbirth, or one existing clinical condition.

Higher step of prolapse can cause symptoms, which include:

a lump within or protruding indigenous the vaginaa heavy or dragging emotion in the vaginaaching ache in the pelvis or backa constant need come urinate or difficulty urinatingrecurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs)

The vagina is an elastic tube the connects the uterus and also cervix come the vulva. The shape, size, and color of the vagina deserve to vary among individuals.

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Anyone that notices any unusual symptoms, such as growths, in or around their vagina need to see their physician or gynecologist because that a checkup. Indicators of a health issue may include:

discharge through an unusual color, such together green, gray, or dark yellow dischargedischarge v a foul smelling odorfoamy dischargelumps or bumps inside the vaginapain as soon as urinating or throughout sex

People can additionally carry out a self-exam of your vagina to examine for any kind of unusual alters or growths. However, self-exams need to not replace constant pelvic examinations with a healthcare professional.