LAKE MICHIGANLake Michigan, the 2nd largest great Lake by volume through 1,180 cubicmiles of water, is the only good Lake completely within the united States. Approximately118 miles wide and 307 mile long, Lake Michigan has an ext than 1,600 mile of shoreline.Averaging 279 feet in depth, the lake will 925 feet at its deepest point. The lake"snorthern tier is in the colder, less occurred upper good Lakes region, if its moretemperate southern container contains the Milwaukee and Chicago urban areas. Thedrainage basin, around twice as huge as the 22,300 square miles of surface ar water,includes portions of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and also Wisconsin. Lake Michigan ishydrologically inseparable native Lake Huron, join by the wide Straits of Mackinac. Lake Michigan receives most of that water native the Michigan next of its basin.On that is southwest flank, many of the surface ar water drains into the Illinois River and also thento the Gulf that Mexico, rather than right into the lake. A little diversion of water at Chicagoalso take away water the end of the lake and diverts it right into the Illinois River. Several of thelarger containers on the Michigan side space the Grand, Muskegon, Manistee, and also Kalamazoo. TheFox river valley, in Wisconsin, is notorious for being quite polluted; many document millsand hefty industry occur in the Fox Valley.
FACTSLength - 307 mile / 494 km.Breadth - 118 mile / 190 km. Ave. Depth - 279 ft. / 85 m Max. Depth - 925 ft. / 282 m.Volume - 1,180 cubic mile / 4,920 cubic km. Water surface Area - 22,300 sq. Miles / 57,800 sq. Km.Drainage basin Area - 45,600 sq. Mile / 118,000 sq. Km.Shoreline length (including islands) - 1,638 miles / 2,633 km.Elevation - 577 ft. / 176 m.Outlet - Straits that Mackinac to Lake HuronRetention/Replacement Time - 99 years
Name - Champlain dubbed it the grand Lac. It was later named "Lake the the StinkingWater" or "Lake the the Puants," ~ the human being who populated its shores.In 1679, the lake ended up being known as Lac des Illinois because it gave access to the countryof the Indians, so named. Three years before, Allouez referred to as it Lac St. Joseph, by whichname it was frequently designated by at an early stage writers. Others dubbed it Lac Dauphin. With thefurther explorations that Jolliet and also Marquette, the "Lake of the Stinking Water"received its last name the Michigan. An additional story recounts the Nicolet, the first European to set foot inWisconsin in 1634, came down on the shores of environment-friendly Bay and also was greeted through Winnebago Indians,whom the French referred to as "Puans." Lake Michigan was labeled as "Lake ofPuans" on an early and incomplete 1670 map the the region that showed just thenorthern shores the the lake. However, only environment-friendly Bay is labeled together "Baye dePuans" (Bay the the Winnebago Indians) top top maps native 1688 and 1708. Top top the 1688 map,Lake Michigan is referred to as Lac des Illinois. An Indian name for Lake Michigan to be "Michi gami."
Lake Michigan is the 3rd largest great Lake by surface ar area and also the sixth largestfreshwater lake in the world.
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Because Lake Michigan is join to Lake Huron in ~ the Straits the Mackinac, they areconsidered one lake hydrologically.
Many rivers and streams circulation into Lake Michigan, and also the major tributaries room theFox-Wolf, the Grand and also the Kalamazoo.
There is a diversion from the lake right into the Mississippi River container through theIllinois Waterway in ~ the Chicago River.
Lake Michigan"s cul-de-sac formation method that water entering the lake circulatesslowly and remains because that a lengthy time (retention) before it leaves the container through theStraits the Mackinac.
Small lunar tidal effects have been recorded for Lake Michigan.
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Internal tide (upwellings) can create a 15 degree C. Water temperature to decrease alongthe coastline in just a couple of hours, requiring correctly alterations in fishing strategy.
The northern component of the Lake Michigan watershed is extended with forests, sparselypopulated, and also economically dependency on organic resources and also tourism, while the southernportion is greatly populated with intensive industrial breakthrough and rich agriculturalareas follow me the shore.
The world"s largest freshwater dunes heat the lakeshore.
Millions of world annually visit the dunes/beaches at state and national parks andlakeshores.
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