Your musculoskeletal system consists of bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments and also soft tissues. They work-related together to support your body’s load and assist you move. Injuries, condition and aging can reason pain, stiffness and other troubles with movement and function. You have the right to keep her musculoskeletal system solid by regulating your overall health.

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What is the musculoskeletal system?

Your musculoskeletal system consists of your bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons and connective tissues. Your skeleton gives a structure for your muscles and other soft tissues. Together, they support your body’s weight, maintain your posture and assist you move.

A wide selection of disorders and conditions have the right to lead to troubles in the musculoskeletal system. Aging, injuries, congenital anomalies (birth defects) and an illness can reason pain and limit movement.

You deserve to keep your musculoskeletal system healthy and balanced by concentrating on your all at once health. Eat a well balanced diet, keep a healthy and balanced weight, practice regularly and also see her provider because that checkups.


How walk the musculoskeletal system work?

The nervous system (your body command center) controls your voluntary muscle movements. Spontaneous muscles are ones you control intentionally. Some involve large muscle groups to do tasks like jumping. Rather use smaller sized movements, like pushing a button. Movements happen when:

Your nervous mechanism (brain and also nerves) sends out a blog post to activate her skeletal (voluntary) muscles.Your muscle fibers contract (tense up) in response to the message.When the muscle activates or bunches up, it traction on the tendon. Tendons affix muscles come bones.The tendon traction the bone, making the move.To relax the muscle, your nervous mechanism sends another message. It triggers the muscles to relax or deactivate.The tranquil muscle publication tension, relocating the bone to a resting position.

What are the parts of the musculoskeletal system?

The musculoskeletal mechanism works to help you stand, sit, walk, run and also move. Adult bodies have 206 bones and an ext than 600 muscles, associated by ligaments, tendons and also soft tissues.

The parts of the musculoskeletal system are:

Bones: Bones of every shapes and also sizes support your body, protect organs and also tissues, store calcium and also fat and produce blood cells. A bone’s hard outside shell surrounds a spongy center. Bones carry out structure and form for her body. They occupational with muscles, tendons, ligaments and other connective tissues to assist you move.Cartilage: A kind of connective tissue, cartilage cushions skeleton inside your joints, follow me your spine and in your ribcage. Firm, rubbery cartilage protects bones native rubbing against each other. You also have cartilage in your nose, ears, pelvis and lungs.Joints: Bones come together to kind joints. Part joints have a huge range of motion, such together the ball-and-socket shoulder joint. Other joints, prefer the knee, enable bones to move ago and forth yet not rotate.Muscles: Each muscle is made of thousands of stretchy fibers. Her muscles allow you come move, sit upright and also stay still. Part muscles help you run, dance and also lift. You usage others to create your name, close a button, talk and also swallow.Ligaments: Made of tough collagen fibers, ligaments attach bones and assist stabilize joints.Tendons: Tendons affix muscles to bones. Make of fibrous tissue and collagen, tendons are tough yet not very stretchy.

Conditions and also Disorders

What conditions and disorders affect the musculoskeletal system?

Hundreds of conditions can cause problems through the musculoskeletal system. Castle can impact the means you move, speak and interact through the world. Few of the many common causes of musculoskeletal pain and movement problems are:

How typical are these conditions?

Everyone has pain in your muscles and also joints indigenous time to time. One of the most usual musculoskeletal problems is back pain, especially low earlier pain. An ext than 80% of human being in the United states have back pain at some suggest in their lives. Arthritis is also very common. More than 54 million adults in the U.S. Have arthritis. Broken bones, sprains and also strains occur to millions of civilization every year. Most world recover from this injuries without long-term health and wellness problems.


How deserve to I keep musculoskeletal mechanism healthy?

The best means to take treatment of her musculoskeletal mechanism is come maintain great health overall. To store your bones and also muscles healthy, you should:

Exercise regularly, and be certain to incorporate a mix of weight-bearing exercises and also cardiovascular activity. Strengthening her muscles can support her joints and also protect them from damage.Get plenty of sleep so her bones and muscles have the right to recover and rebuild.Maintain a healthy and balanced weight. Extra pounds put press on your bones and joints, causing a selection of health problems. If you lug extra weight, talk to her provider around a healthy and balanced weight-loss plan.Make healthy and balanced food choices, including a well balanced diet of fruits and vegetables, skinny protein and milk for strong bones.Quit smoking and avoid tobacco. cigarette smoking decreases blood circulation throughout your body. Your bones, muscles and also soft tissues require adequate blood flow to stay healthy.


Frequently asked Questions

When need to I call doctor?

Talk to your provider if you have actually pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased selection of motion or difficulties moving. See your provider ideal away if any kind of of these changes happen suddenly. Sudden problems could be a sign of a significant condition.

A keep in mind from Cleveland Clinic

Everyone has muscle aches and also pains indigenous time come time. Return you might not have the ability to prevent every strains, sprains and broken bones, you deserve to keep your musculoskeletal device healthy. Maintaining an excellent overall health and wellness will lower your risk of an illness and injuries. And also staying healthy will assist you heal quicker if friend do get injured. By seeing your provider regularly, managing your weight and taking treatment of yourself, you’ll protect your bones and also muscles therefore they deserve to keep protecting you.


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit scholastic medical center. Declaring on our website helps support our mission. We execute not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.Policy

Cleveland Clinic offers professional diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation for bone, joint or connective tissue disorders and also rheumatic and also immunologic diseases.

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Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Heralding on our website helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.Policy

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