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The Trident occurrence – Xylitol Toxicity in Dogs

Every owner fears coming residence to a possible problem with among their pets. And this to be the vision that greeted me after a lengthy day in surgical procedure at Friendship. A shredded box of sugar-free gum in the exact same room as all three of my dogs.

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Sugar totally free gum often consists of xylitol, an fabricated sweetener that is toxicity to dogs. Xylitol reasons a rapid and also severe rise in insulin in the blood of dogs. This in turn causes a serious drop in blood sugar. Xylitol can additionally be toxic to the liver.

The quantity of xylitol in a stick of gum not just varies through manufacturer, but additionally by gum flavor. To make points even more problematic, the amount of xylitol in sugar complimentary gum is never obtainable on the package label. In ~ 9:00PM on a Friday night I believed it was unlikely I would reach someone at Trident to offer me the information. Ns racked my brain trying to remember how countless sticks were left in the package, but I really had actually no idea. I had actually to guess at least fifty percent the package remained. The was additionally unlikely castle had split the spoils fair and square. So using an calculation of 0.3 grams the xylitol in a stick of gum, feasible ingestion the 9 rod of gum, and also a worse-case scenario that they were every ingested through 1 dog, ns did a small math.

For Vegas, my Rhodesian Ridgeback weighing in in ~ 96 lbs, the dose was also low come be toxicity (phew). She’s likewise a substantial push over and would have permitted the other dogs to eat that first. It might still cause some diarrhea though.

For Lily, mine Beagle mix weighing 35 lbs. The dose to be high sufficient for her to it is in at threat for developing hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). If I had to guess, Lily was the likely culprit. She is capable of getting up ~ above desks and also counters and generally bring about havoc when it suits her.

For Pearl, my Shih Tzu mix weighing in at a just 12 pounds, the dose was high sufficient to cause low blood sugar and also high enough to reason liver toxicity. For this tiny dog, even if ns guessed she only acquired two sticks, she would certainly still it is in at risk for hypoglycemia. I really can not discount that this old girl might have consumed it all either. Regardless of her diminutive size she can be tough, and also in her hey-day she would have taken top top both of the various other dogs to success a prize favor this.

Okay, so currently I knew the instance was a possible emergency. But prior to panicking i tried come get more information on the gum. No all sugar complimentary gum consists of xylitol. A search online eventually uncovered an ingredient list. The artificial sweetener in the gum castle ate was maltitol. Maltitol is a street alcohol favor xylitol, but I was not acquainted with it. It seemed possible that the was toxic in the method xylitol is, but it additionally might no be. Utilizing online resources once again I found oodles of hysterical posts around how maltitol sickened and even eliminated other dogs. ~ a quick scan that the articles I figured out that the authors were not distinguishing maltitol native xylitol.

I determined I required real information and also called the pet poison control center at the ASPCA. This pet poison control center is typically consulted by Friendship doctors when a feasible toxin has been ingested. After setting up one account, I provided all the details of the feasible exposure and also information about my dogs. The veterinary toxicologist was really helpful and assured me that maltitol was not toxic! ns did not should worry around low blood sugars, no one did I should monitor liver enzymes. Diarrhea to be a problem though together the huge sugar molecule would draw water into the cradle tract.

See more: Is Cayenne The Same As Red Pepper, Is Crushed Red Pepper The Same As Cayenne Pepper

My dogs would certainly be fine, yet ingestion that xylitol containing assets is a frequently seen trouble at Friendship. End the years the use of xylitol has actually increased and it is typically found not only in sugar-free candy and gum, but additionally in small goods, desserts, beverages, cereals, and also toothpaste. As popularity increased, the number of pet poisonings additionally increased and also has risen from just a handful in 2002 to end two-thousand and five-hundred instances in 2008; and also the number are continuing to rise!

For more information:

Link to the ASPCA’s site on people foods to protect against feeding your pet

Link to Veterinary Partner’s details page on xylitol


Dr. Dana Kuehn join Friendship in 2005 and is our Chief that Primary treatment Services. She is originally from Minnesota, whereby she completed a BS in biology and graduated from the college of Minnesota university of Veterinary medication in 1995. She completed a rotating internship in small animal medicine and surgery in Hollywood, Florida and continued on together an combine in the practice for 10 years. Her skilled interests include endocrinology, ophthalmology, soft tissue surgery, and also urology.