The name of the twelve practical worker of Jesus are Simon Peter, Andrew, James (the child of Zebedee), John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James (the child of Alphaeus), Thaddaeus, Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot. (See Matthew 10:1-4 and Luke 6:12-16.)
12 hands-on worker list:
The apostle of Jesus
The 12 disciples/apostles of Jesus to be the foundation stones of His church, several even wrote portions of the Bible. In Revelation 21:14 we are told that the twelve foundations of the wall surface of the new Jerusalem will have actually in castle the name of the twelve disciples/apostles. The is evident, therefore, the God attaches great importance to this 12 men.
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As we study these courageous first-century lives, and also what discipleship meant in the time of Jesus, we might expect to be aided in developing a Spirit-directed twenty-first-century discipleship together Christ must have actually meant it come be.
The adhering to biographical information about the 12 original disciples that Jesus provides the new Testament accounts in addition to the most respected legends and also traditions. We perform not mean to infer, the legend and tradition constitute historic fact. We execute feel, however, that they do have value in the research of the lives of these males who "…turned the people upside down…"
Simon Peter, boy of Jonas, to be a fisherman who resided in Bethsaida and also Capernaum. He did evangelistic and also missionary work among the Jews, walking as far as Babylon. He was a member of the within Circle and also authored the two brand-new Testament epistles which be afflicted with his name. Legacy says he was crucified, head downward, in Rome.
In every apostolic list, the surname Peter is discussed first. However, Peter had other names. At the time of Christ, the typical language was Greek and the household language was Hebrew. So his Greek surname was Simon (Mark 1:16; man 1:40, 41). His Hebrew name was Cephas (1 Corinthians 1:12; 3:22; 9:5 and also Galatians 2:9). The Greek meaning of Simon is rock. The Arabic definition of Cephas is likewise rock.
By trade, Peter to be a fisherman. He was a married guy (1 Corinthians 9:5) and his home was Capernaum. Jesus probably made His headquarters there when He visited Capernaum. Peter was additionally a Galilean together was usual of many of the various other disciples. Josephus described the Galileans this way, "They were ever before fond the innovation and also by nature disposed to readjust and delighted in sedition. They were ever ready to monitor the leader and also to begin an insurrection. They were rapid in temper and also given to quarreling and they were really chivalrous men." The Talmud says this of the Galileans, "They were much more anxious for honor 보다 for gain, quick-tempered, impulsive, emotional, quickly aroused by one appeal come adventure, loyal to the end."
Peter to be a common Galilean. Amongst the twelve, Peter to be the leader. The stands out together a spokesman for every the twelve Apostles. The is he that asked the an interpretation of the daunting saying in Matthew 15:15. It is he that asked how regularly he should forgive. The is he that inquired about the prize for all of those that follow Jesus. It is that who an initial confessed Jesus and declared Him as the son of the life God. It is he who was at the mount of Transfiguration. That is he that saw Jairus" daughter raised to life. Yet, the is he that denied Christ prior to a maiden. He was an Apostle and also a missionary who laid under his life because that his Lord. That is true, Peter had numerous faults, however he had constantly the saving grace that the loving heart. No issue how plenty of times he had fallen and failed, he always recovered his courage and also integrity.
Peter was martyred on a cross. Peter asked for that he can be crucified head downward because that he was not worthy to die as his Lord had died. His apostolic symbol is a overcome upside down with crossed keys.
James, the Elder, Boanerges, kid of Zebedee and also Salome, brother of john the Apostle; a fisherman who resided in Bethsaida, Capernaum and Jerusalem. He preached in Jerusalem and also Judea and also was add by Herod, ad 44 (Acts 12:1,2). He to be a member that the within Circle, therefore called because they to be accorded unique privileges. The new Testament tells us very little about James. His surname never appears apart from that of his brother, John. They were an inseparable pair (Mark 1:19-20; Matthew 4:21; Luke 5:1-11).
He to be a man of courage and also forgiveness, a guy without jealousy, life in the zero of John, a man of especially faith. He was the first of the twelve to become a martyr. His prize is three shells, the authorize of his expedition by the sea.
John Boanerges, child of Zebedee and also Salome, brother of James, the Apostle. He was recognized as the beloved Disciple. A fisherman who stayed in Bethsaida, Capernaum and Jerusalem, he to be a member that the inner Circle. He composed the Gospel of John, i John, II John, III John and Revelation. The preached among the churches of Asia Minor. Banished to the Isle of Patmos, the was later freed and died a herbal death. Man was one of the prominent Apostles. He is discussed in many places in the new Testament. He was a guy of action; the was very ambitious; and also a male with one explosive temper and also an intolerant heart. His 2nd name was Boanerges, which way son the Thunder. He and his brother, James, came from a an ext well-to-do family than the rest of the 12 Apostles. Because his father had hired servants in his fishing business (Mark 1:20) that may have actually felt himself over the rest. He was close to Peter. They to be acting with each other in the ministry. Peter, however, was constantly the spokesman for the band.
John mellowed v time. At the latter component of his life, he had forgotten everything, consisting of his ambition and explosive temper, except his Lord"s command the love.
It is claimed that an effort was do on his life by offering him a chalice of toxicity from i beg your pardon God pardon him. He died of herbal causes. A chalice with a line in it is his symbol.
Andrew to be the brother of Peter, and also a son of Jonas. He lived in Bethsaida and Capernaum and also was a fisherman prior to Jesus referred to as him. Originally he was a disciple of john the Baptist (Mark 1:16-18). Andrew brought his brother, Peter, come Jesus (John 1:40). That is the first to have actually the location of Home and Foreign Missionary. The is asserted by three nations as their Patron Saint-Russia, Scotland and also Greece. Numerous scholars say that he taught in Scythia, Greece and Asia Minor.
Andrew introduced others come Jesus. Back circumstances inserted him in a place where it would have been simple for him to become jealous and resentful, he was optimistic and well content in second place. His main purpose in life was to carry others come the master.
According come tradition, it remained in Achaia, Greece, in the town of Patra that Andrew died a martyr. As soon as Governor Aepeas" mam was healed and also converted to the Christian faith, and shortly after the the Governor"s brother came to be a Christian. Aepeas to be enraged. That arrested Andrew and also condemned him to die on the cross. Andrew, feeling unworthy to be crucified on the same-shaped cross as his Master, begged the his it is in different. So, he to be crucified on an X-shaped cross, which is still dubbed Saint Andrew"s cross and which is just one of his apostolic symbols. A price of two crossed fish has additionally been applied to Andrew, due to the fact that he was formerly a fisherman.
Bartholomew or Nathanael
Bartholomew Nathanael, son of Talmai, stayed in Cana the Galilee. His apostolic price is three parallel knives. Heritage says he to be a missionary in Armenia. A variety of scholars believe that he to be the only one of the 12 disciples who came from royal blood, or noble birth. His name method Son of Tolmai or Talmai(2 Samuel 3:3). Talmai was king that Geshur whose daughter, Maacah, was the mam of David, mommy of Absolom.
Bartholomew"s name appears with every list of the hands-on worker (Matthew 10:3; mark 3:18; Luke 6:14; action 1:13). This was not a first name, however; it to be his second name. His very first name more than likely was Nathanael, whom Jesus referred to as "An Israelite indeed, in who there is no guile" (John 1:47).
The brand-new Testament offers us very little information around him. Tradition suggests he was a good searcher that the Scripture and a scholar in the law and the prophets. He arisen into a guy of complete surrender come the Carpenter the Nazareth, and one the the Church"s most adventurous missionaries. The is stated to have actually preached through Philip in Phrygia and also Hierapolis; also in Armenia. The Armenian Church cases him as its founder and also martyr. However, heritage says the he preached in India, and also his fatality seems to have actually taken ar there. He passed away as a martyr for his Lord. He was flayed alive through knives.
James the Lesser or the Younger
James, the Lesser or Younger, kid of Alpheus, or Cleophas and Mary, lived in Galilee. He was the brother of the Apostle Jude.
According to heritage he created the Epistle that James, preached in Palestine and also Egypt and was crucified in Egypt. James was among the little-known disciples. Part scholars think he was the brothers of Matthew, the taxes collector. James was a man of strong character and one that the most fiery type. Still one more tradition states that he died as a martyr and his body to be sawed in pieces. The saw came to be his apostolic symbol.
Judas Iscariot, the traitor, to be the kid of Simon who resided in Kerioth the Judah. That betrayed Jesus for thirty pieces of silver and after that hanged self (Matthew 26:14,16).
Judas, the guy who became the traitor, is the can be fried enigma that the brand-new Testament because it is so tough to see how anyone that was therefore close come Jesus, who saw so numerous miracles and heard so lot of the Master"s teaching could ever betray him right into the hands of his enemies.
His name appears in three lists the the 12 apostles (Matthew 10:4; note 3:19; Luke 6:19). That is claimed that Judas came from Judah near Jericho. He was a Judean and also the remainder of the disciples to be Galileans. He was the treasurer that the band and amongst the outspoken leaders.
It is said that Judas to be a violent Jewish Nationalist who had followed Jesus in expect that through Him his nationalistic flame and also dreams could be realized. No one have the right to deny that Judas was a covetous man and also at times he provided his position as treasurer of the tape to pilfer native the common purse. There is no certain reason as to why Judas betrayed his master; but it is no his betrayal that put Jesus top top the cross-it was our sins. His apostolic price is a hangman"s noose, or a money purse with pieces of silver- falling from it.
Jude or Thaddeus
Jude, Thaddeus, or Lebbeus, child of Alpheus or Cleophas and Mary. He to be a brother of James the Younger. He was among the very little-known Apostles and lived in Galilee. Heritage says he preached in Assyria and Persia and also died a martyr in Persia.
Jerome referred to as Jude "Trinomious" which way "a man with 3 names." In note 3:18 the is dubbed Thaddeus. In Matthew 10:3 that is dubbed Lebbeus. His surname was Thaddeus. In Luke 6:16 and also Acts 1:13 that is called Judas the brothers of James. Judas Thaddeus additionally was dubbed Judas the Zealot.
By personality he to be an intense and violent Nationalist v the dream of human being power and domination by the liked People. In the brand-new Testament records (John 14:22 NIV) he asked Jesus at the last Supper, "But Lord, why carry out you intended to display yourself to us and also not to the world?" Judas Thaddeus was interested in do Christ recognized to the world. Not as a suffering Saviour, however, yet as ruling King. We can see plainly native the answer Jesus gave him, the the way of power can never it is in substituted because that the method of love.
It is said that Jude checked out preach the gospel in Edessa close to the Euphrates River. There he healed many and also many thought in the surname of the Master. Jude walk from over there to preach the Gospel in other places. The was eliminated with arrows in ~ Ararat. The chosen symbol for him is the ship due to the fact that he to be a missionary believed to it is in a fisherman.
Matthew or Levi
Matthew, or Levi, kid of Alpheus, resided in Capernaum. He was a publican or tax collector. He created the Gospel that bears his name. He died a martyr in Ethiopia.
The speak to of Matthew come the apostolic band is stated in mark 2:14, Matthew 9:9 and also Luke 5:27-28. From these passages, we discover that Matthew likewise was dubbed Levi. It was a common custom in the Middle eastern at the moment of Christ for males to have actually two names. Matthew"s names mean "a gift that God." The name Levi can have been given to the by Jesus. That is likely that James the lesser, that was one of the twelve Apostles, to be Matthew"s brother, likewise the son of Alpheus. Although us know small about Matthew personally, the superior fact around him is that he was a tax collector. The King James variation calls that a publican, which in Latin is Publicanus, definition engaged in public service, a man who taken on public money, or a taxes gatherer.
Of all the countries in the world, the Jews were the most vigorous haters of taxes gatherers. To the devout Jew, God was the just one to who it was appropriate to pay tribute in taxes. To pay it to anyone else was to infringe on the rights of God. The taxation collectors were hated not on spiritual grounds only but due to the fact that most the them to be notoriously unjust.
In the mental of plenty of honest, Jewish men, these tax collectors were related to as criminals. In new Testament time they to be classified v harlots, Gentiles and also sinners (Matthew 18:17; Matthew 21:31, 33; Matthew 9;10; mark 2:15,16; Luke 5:30). Taxation collectors had been known to assess duty payable at impossible sums and then market to lend the money to travelers in ~ a high price of interest. Such to be Matthew. Yet, Jesus determined a guy all males hated and made him one of His men. It take it Jesus Christ to watch the potential in the taxes collector of Capernaum.
Matthew to be unlike the various other Apostles, that were greatly fishermen. He could use a pen, and also by his pen he came to be the first man to present to the world, in the Hebrew language, one account that the teaching of Jesus. That is clearly impossible to estimate the debt that Christianity owes to this despised tax gatherer. The average guy would have actually thought it difficult to revolutionary Matthew, however to God all things room possible. Matthew ended up being the first man to compose down the teachings of Jesus. He was a missionary the the Gospel, who laid down his life because that the belief of his Master. The apostolic price of Matthew is 3 money bags i m sorry reminds united state that he to be a taxes collector before Jesus called him.
Tradition says that disciple Philip taught in Phrygia and died a martyr in ~ Hierapolis. Philip come from Bethsaida, the town from i m sorry Peter and also Andrew came (John 1:44). The likelihood is the he, too, was a fisherman. Return the an initial three Gospels document his surname (Matthew 10:3; mark 3:18; Luke 6:14; action 1:13), that is in the Gospel of john that Philip i do not care a life personality.
Scholars do not agree on Philip. In plot 6:5, we have Philip as one of the 7 ordained deacons. Part say this is a different Philip. Some think this is the Apostle. If this is the very same Philip, climate his personality came an ext to life since he had actually a successful campaign in Samaria. He led the Ethiopian eunuch come Christ (Acts 8:26). He also stayed v Paul in Caesarea (Acts 21:8) and also was one of the significant figures in the missionary companies of the early on church.
The Gospel that John shows Philip as one of the an initial to who Jesus handle the words, "Follow Me." when Philip met Christ, he instantly found Nathanael and also told him that "we have found him, of whom Moses … and the prophets, go write." Nathanael to be skeptical. Yet Philip did no argue with him; he merely answered, "Come and also see." This story tells us two essential things around Philip. First, it mirrors his right technique to the skeptic and his simple faith in Christ. Second, it reflects that he had a missionary instinct.
Philip to be a man with a warmth heart and a downhearted head. He was one who would an extremely much choose to perform something because that others, yet who did not see how it can be done. Yet, this basic Galilean offered all that had. In return God used him. It is said that he passed away by hanging. When he was dying, he requested that his body be wrapped not in linen however in papyrus because that he was no worthy that also his dead body must be treated together the body of Jesus had been treated. The prize of Philip is a basket, due to the fact that of his component in the feeding of the 5 thousand. The is he the stressed the cross together a sign of Christianity and also victory.
Simon the Zealot
Simon, the Zealot, among the little-known followers referred to as the Canaanite or Zelotes, resided in Galilee. Tradition says he to be crucified.
In two locations in the King James version he is referred to as a Canaanite (Matthew 10:4; mark 3:18). However, in the other two areas he is called Simon Zelotes (Luke 6:15; acts 1:13).
The new Testament offers us virtually nothing on him personally other than that it claims he to be a Zealot. The Zealots were fanatical Jewish Nationalists who had actually heroic disregard for the experiencing involved and the struggle for what they concerned as the purity of your faith. The Zealots were crazed through hatred for the Romans. It to be this hate for Rome that ruined the city that Jerusalem. Josephus says the Zealots were reckless persons, zealous in an excellent practices and also extravagant and reckless in the worst kind of actions.
From this background, we see that Simon was a fanatical Nationalist, a man specialized to the Law, a guy with bitter hatred for anyone who dared to compromise through Rome. Yet, Simon clearly emerged as a man of faith. He abandoned all his hatred for the faith that he verified toward his Master and also the love that he to be willing come share v the remainder of the disciples and also especially Matthew, the Roman taxes collector.
Simon, the Zealot, the man who as soon as would have killed in commitment to Israel, became the man who saw that God will have actually no required service. Heritage says he died as a martyr. His apostolic symbol is a fish lie on a Bible, which suggests he to be a previous fisherman who came to be a fisher of men through preaching.
Thomas Didymus lived in Galilee. Legacy says that labored in Parthia, Persia, and also India, experiencing martyrdom close to Madras, at Mt. St. Thomas, India.
Thomas to be his Hebrew name and also Didymus was his Greek name. At time he was called Judas. Matthew, Mark and also Luke tell united state nothing about Thomas other than his name. However, John defines him more plainly in his Gospel. Thomas showed up in the increasing of Lazarus (John 11:2-16), in the upper Room (John 14:1-6) where he want to know exactly how to recognize the means where Jesus was going. In john 20:25, we see him saying unless he look at the pond prints in Jesus" hand and the gash that the spear in His next he will not believe. That"s why Thomas ended up being known as Doubting Thomas.
By nature, cutting board was a pessimist. He to be a bewildered man. Yet, he was a male of courage. He to be a male who might not believe until he had actually seen. He was a male of devotion and of faith. When Jesus rose, that came back and invited cutting board to put his finger in the nail prints in his hands and in his side. Here, we watch Thomas make the biggest confession the faith, "My Lord and my God." Thomas" doubts to be transformed into faith. Through this really fact Thomas" faith became great, intense and also convincing. It is stated that he was commissioned to construct a royal residence for the king of India, and he was killed with a spear as a martyr for his Lord. His prize is a group of spears, stones and also arrows.
Who changed Judas Iscariot?
Matthias was selected to change Judas as recorded in action 1:15-26. The other male who was additionally in consideration was called Joseph or Barsabas, and also surnamed Justus. Lots to be cast and also eventually Matthias was chosen. Acts 1:24-26 documents the following, "And castle prayed and also said, “You, O Lord, who know the understanding of all, present which the these two You have actually chosen to take part in this ministry and also apostleship indigenous which Judas through transgression fell, that he can go to his own place.” and he to be numbered through the eleven apostles.” The holy bible is sparse on added details relating to Matthias, yet it does say the Matthias was v Jesus since His baptism till his resurrection. Besides the book of Acts, Matthias isn’t mentioned all over else in the Bible. Follow to historical sources Matthias live til 80 A.D. And also spread the gospel on the shores the the Caspian and also Cappadocia.
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How go the 12 practical worker die?Andrew = Crucified on an X-shaped crossBartholomew or Nathanael = Flayed alive with knivesJames the elder = an initial apostle martyredJames the lesser = Sawn in piecesJohn = died of natural causes on the isle of PatmosJudas Iscariot = Hung himselfJude or Thaddeus = killed with arrowsMatthew or Levi = Martyred in EthiopiaPeter = Crucified upside-down top top a crossPhilip = passed away by hangingSimon the Zealot = died a martyrs deathThomas = killed with a spear
Where did the practical worker die?
A map of locations of wherein the 12 apostle of Jesus Christ died, follow to tradition. Blue markers represent commonly accepted fatality locations when yellow markers represent disputed locations.