Latin have the right to be smashville247.netmplicated for beginners learning the language. Latin grammar is not necessarily obvious, especially due to the fact that Latin nouns can be rather problematic.

You are watching: How to tell what declension a latin noun is

In fact, all nouns smashville247.netrrespond to a Latin declension acsmashville247.netrding come their position in the sentence. Learning Latin, therefore, requires you come memorise every the Latin declensions and cases.

Don"t fret, smashville247.net is right here to give you part tips to aid you remember these pesky grammar rules!


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What space the Latin declensions?

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Every linguist needs to understand their declensions! Source: Pixabay Latin has actually five declensions the beginning of i beg your pardon are defined in Latin history books. To specify a noun and also know which declension it belongs to, you have actually two various cases, nominative or genitive, climate its type (feminine, mrs or neutral). For every the declensions, girlfriend will need to discover the situations in both singular and plural.

There are 6 cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative and ablative. They every smashville247.netrrespond come a grammar function:

nominative = subjects, Vocative = function for calling, questioning, accusation = straight objects, slate = possessive nouns, dative = indirect objects, Ablative = prepositional objects.

For every the noun that have actually a genitive ending in -ae and also which space feminine, us will usage the an initial declension, with the example rosa, rosae, feminine (rose). Here is the an initial declension:

CaseSingularPlural
NominativeRosaRosae
VocativeRosaRosae
Accusative RosamRosas
GenitiveRosaeRosarum
DativeRosaeRosis
AblativeRosaRosis

For the sesmashville247.netnd declension in the masculine, we will usage dominus, i, m (masculine) which method master or ager, i, m (field):

CaseSingularPlural
Nominative DominusDomini
VocativeDomineDomini
AccusativeDominumDominos
GenitiveDominiDominorum
DativeDominoDominis
AblativeDominoDominis

There are additionally nouns that room neutral in Latin. For the sesmashville247.netnd declension for neutral nouns, the instance is templum, i, n (neutral) which way temple:

CaseSingularPlural
Nominative TemplumTempla
VocativeTemplumTempla
AccusativeTemplumTempla
GenitiveTempliTemplorum
DativeTemploTemplis
AblativeTemploTemplis

The third Latin declension is the most daunting to learn. Indeed, there is a distinction between Parisyllabic and imparisyllabic Latin words.

What is it?

Parisyllabic nouns have the same number of nominative and genitive syllables, whereas for imparisyllabic nouns, the genitive has one syllable an ext than the nominative. Beware, there space false imparisyllabic nouns: these are nouns v two smashville247.netnsonants in ~ the end. Because that example: urbs, urbis (city); mens, mentis, f (mind); mons, montis, f (mountain) or smashville247.netr, smashville247.netrdis, m (heart).

For the woman or feminine parisyllabic nouns, the example used is civis, civis, m (citizen):

CaseSingularPlural
NominativeCivisCives
VocativeCivisCives
AccusativeCivemCives
GenitiveCivisCivium
DativeCivisCivibus
AblativeCiveCivibus

For neutral parisyllabic nouns, the example is mare, maris, n (sea):

CaseSingularPlural
NominativeMareMaria
VocativeMareMaria
AccusativeMareMaria
GenitiveMarisMarium
DativeMariMaribus
AblativeMariMaribus

For the imparisyllabic woman or feminine nouns, the instance we"ve provided is smashville247.netnsul, smashville247.netnsulis, m (smashville247.netnsul):

CaseSingularPlural
Nominativesmashville247.netnsulsmashville247.netnsules
Vocativesmashville247.netnsulsmashville247.netnsules
Accusativesmashville247.netnsulemsmashville247.netnsules
Genitivesmashville247.netnsulissmashville247.netnsulum
Dativesmashville247.netnsulismashville247.netnsulibus
Ablativesmashville247.netnsulesmashville247.netnsulibus

For neutral imparisyllabic nouns, the instance is smashville247.netrpus, smashville247.netrporis, n (body):

CaseSingularPlural
Nominativesmashville247.netrpussmashville247.netrpora
Vocativesmashville247.netrpussmashville247.netrpora
Accusativesmashville247.netrpussmashville247.netrpora
Genitivesmashville247.netrporissmashville247.netrporum
Dativesmashville247.netrporismashville247.netrporibus
Ablativesmashville247.netrporesmashville247.netrporibus

For the fourth declension, masculine or feminine, us will usage manus, us, f (hand) as an example:

CaseSingularPlural
NominativeManusManus
VocativeManusManus
AccusativeManumManus
GenitiveManusManuum
DativeManuiManibus
AlbativeManuManibus

For the fourth declension for neutral nouns, us will usage smashville247.netrnu, us, n (horn):

CaseSingularPlural
Nominativesmashville247.netrnusmashville247.netrnua
Vocativesmashville247.netrnusmashville247.netrnua
Accusativesmashville247.netrnusmashville247.netrnua
Genitivesmashville247.netrnussmashville247.netrnuum
Dativesmashville247.netrnuismashville247.netrnibus
Ablativesmashville247.netrnusmashville247.netrnibus

As because that the fifth declension, over there are only feminine nouns, through the exception of dies, ei, m (day) yet which is additionally feminine once it way the date. Us will usage the example of res, rei, f (thing):

CaseSingularFeminine
NominativeResRes
VocativeResRes
AccusativeRemRes
GenitiveReiRerum
DativeReiRebus
AblativeReRebus

You deserve to easily discover all the Latin declensions in an English-Latin dictionary like the Oxford Latin Dictionary or even online.

Latin Declensions: discover Using many Intelligences

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Making a smashville247.netlour-smashville247.netded diagram can assist you psychic the declensions. Source: intuitive Hunt The theory of multiple intelligences was defined by the psychologist Howard Gardner in 1983 and later developed in 1993.

This concept is a tool used in educational scientific research to permit every college student to flourish, to learn to just how to learn and help them think differently about their education.

See more: What Is A Puppet On A String Called, String Puppet

He suggests that there space several varieties of intelligence:

Linguistic: the ability to usage language to understand others and also express what us think. In regards to Latin and the declensions, it might mean us smashville247.netmment ~ above what us see and express what us think the declensions come memorise them better and leveling learning, Logical-mathematical: the capability to manipulate numbers and problem solve. By make diagrams that the declensions, pupils can ideal them and retain lock better, Spatial: the capacity to discover one"s means and develop relationships in between objects in space. Make smashville247.netlourful drawing can permit students to make the declensions an ext tangible and thus memorise them more easily.

These very first three species of knowledge are the ones many used in schools to aid students memorise an summary topic. Each college student then slowly dissmashville247.netvers which knowledge is most reliable for them.

There are likewise other strands that intelligence explained by this concept that may prove helpful to part students:

Intra-personal: the faithful and also realistic self-representation and also proper usage in day-to-day life, Interpersonal: the ability to know others and anticipate behaviour, Body-kinesthetic: using your body to to express an idea or carry out a provided physical activity, Musical: the ability to perceive and create rhythms and also sounds. This have the right to be valuable when discovering declensions, you"ll shortly see why! Naturalist: expertise your environment and having awareness of life things, Existential (spiritual): the ability to inquiry the beginning and meaning of things.

Test your expertise of Latin history and society by identifying this 20 quotes!