The cup shown below provides an example of tarnish, a smashville247.netical change caused by the reaction ofsilver metal with hydrogen sulfide gas. Hydrogen sulfide gas is created by some industrial processes, or as a result of decaying animal or plant materials:
\<2 \ceAg + \ceH_2S \rightarrow \ceAg_2S + \ceH_2\>
The tarnish deserve to be removed using a number of polishes, yet the process also gets rid of a tiny amount the silver in addition to the tarnish.
You are watching: In what kind of reaction does one element replace a similar element in a compound
A single-replacement reaction is a reaction in which one facet replaces a similar element in a compound. The general form of a single-replacement (also dubbed single-displacement) reaction is:
\<\ceA + \ceBC \rightarrow \ceAC + \ceB\>
In this basic reaction, facet \(\ceA\) is a metal and replaces facet \(\ceB\)(also a metal) in the compound. When the element that is act the replacing is a nonmetal, it have to replace another nonmetal in a compound, and also the basic equation becomes:
\<\ceY + \ceXZ \rightarrow \ceXY + \ceZ\>
(Where \(\ceY\) is a nonmetal and replaces the nonmetal \(\ceZ\) in the compound v \(\ceX\).)
Many steels react conveniently with acids and when they perform so, one of the products of the reaction is hydrogen gas. Zinc reacts v hydrochloric acid to produce aqueous zinc chloride and hydrogen (figure below).
\<\ceZn \left( s \right) + 2 \ceHCl \left( aq \right) \rightarrow \ceZnCl_2 \left( aq \right) + \ceH_2 \left( g \right)\>
In a hydrogen replacement reaction, the hydrogen in the acid is changed by an energetic metal.
See more: " The Road To Hell Is Paved With Good Intentions Bible, The Road To Hell Is Paved With Good Intentions
(CC BY-NC; CK-12)
Some steels are so reactive the they are qualified of replacing the hydrogen in water. The products of together a reaction room the steel hydroxide and hydrogen gas. All team 1 steels undergo this type of reaction. Sodium reacts vigorously v water to produce aqueous sodium hydroxide and hydrogen (see number below).