I recognize that the capacitors store power by accumulating fees at their plates, an in similar way people say that an inductor stores power in that is magnetic field. Ns cannot know this statement. I can"t figure out exactly how an inductor stores energy in the magnetic field, that is i cannot visualize it.Generally, as soon as electrons move throughout an inductor, what wake up to the electrons, and also how perform they gain blocked by the magnetic field? deserve to someone define this come me conceptually?

And additionally please describe these:

If electrons circulation through the wire, exactly how are they convert to power in the magnetic field?

How walk back-EMF acquire generated?


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edited Nov 19 "19 at 16:36
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Blend3rman
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Andrew FlemmingAndrew Flemming
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This is a deeper concern than that sounds. Even physicists disagree over the exact an interpretation of storing energy in a field, or also whether that"s a an excellent description of what happens. The doesn"t assist that magnetic areas are a relativistic effect, and thus inherently weird.

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I"m not a heavy state physicist, yet I"ll try to answer her question around electrons. Let"s look at this circuit:

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simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

To begin with, there"s no voltage across or existing through the inductor. Once the switch closes, current begins to flow. Together the existing flows, it create a magnetic field. That takes energy, which originates from the electrons. There room two ways to look in ~ this:

Circuit theory: In an inductor, a an altering current create a voltage across the inductor \$(V = L\fracdidt)\$. Voltage times existing is power. Thus, changing an inductor existing takes energy.

Physics: A changing magnetic field creates an electric field. This electrical field pushes ago on the electrons, absorbing energy in the process. Thus, increasing electrons take away energy, over and over what you"d mean from the electron"s inertial massive alone.

Eventually, the present reaches 1 amp and also stays there due to the resistor. With a consistent current, there"s no voltage across the inductor \$(V = L\fracdidt = 0)\$. Through a continuous magnetic field, there"s no induced electrical field.

Now, what if we mitigate the voltage source to 0 volts? The electrons lose energy in the resistor and begin to slow down. Together they perform so, the magnetic field begins to collapse. This again creates an electric field in the inductor, but this time that pushes top top the electrons to save them going, giving lock energy. The current finally stops as soon as the magnetic field is gone.

What if we shot opening the move while current is flowing? The electron all shot to protect against instantaneously. This causes the magnetic ar to collapse all at once, which creates a massive electric field. This ar is often big enough to push the electrons out of the metal and throughout the air gap in the switch, creating a spark. (The power is finite yet the strength is really high.)

The back-EMF is the voltage developed by the induced electric field once the magnetic field changes.

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You might be wonder why this stuff doesn"t occur in a resistor or a wire. The answer is that is does -- any current circulation is walk to create a magnetic field. However, the inductance the these materials is tiny -- a typical estimate is 20 nH/inch for traces top top a PCB, because that example. This doesn"t come to be a large issue until you get into the megahertz range, in ~ which suggest you start having actually to use special style techniques to minimization inductance.