How to prove: if $a,b \in \smashville247.netbb N$, then $a^1/b$ is an essence or one irrational number? (13 answers)
I"m make the efforts to perform this proof by contradiction. I understand I need to use a lemma to create that if $x$ is divisible by $3$, climate $x^2$ is divisible by $3$. The lemma is the simple part. Any kind of thoughts? exactly how should I prolong the proof because that this come the square source of $6$?  Say $\sqrt3$ is rational. Then $\sqrt3$ deserve to be stood for as $\fracab$, whereby a and b have actually no typical factors.

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So $3 = \fraca^2b^2$ and $3b^2 = a^2$. Now $a^2$ should be divisible through $3$, yet then so should $a$ (fundamental organize of arithmetic). So we have $3b^2 = (3k)^2$ and $3b^2 = 9k^2$ or even $b^2 = 3k^2$ and also now we have actually a contradiction.

The-Duderino by the way, the proof for $\sqrt6$ follows in the exact same steps nearly exactly. $\endgroup$
suppose $\sqrt3$ is rational, then $\sqrt3=\fracab$ for part $(a,b)$suppose we have $a/b$ in simplest form.\beginalign\sqrt3&=\fracab\\a^2&=3b^2\endalignif $b$ is even, then a is likewise even in which case $a/b$ is not in simplest form.if $b$ is odd then $a$ is likewise odd.Therefore:\beginaligna&=2n+1\\b&=2m+1\\(2n+1)^2&=3(2m+1)^2\\4n^2+4n+1&=12m^2+12m+3\\4n^2+4n&=12m^2+12m+2\\2n^2+2n&=6m^2+6m+1\\2(n^2+n)&=2(3m^2+3m)+1\endalignSince $(n^2+n)$ is an integer, the left hand side is even. Since $(3m^2+3m)$ is an integer, the ideal hand side is odd and we have found a contradiction, thus our theory is false.

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answer Sep 14 "14 at 4:24 qwerty314qwerty314
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A claimed equation $m^2=3n^2$ is a direct contradiction come the fundamental Theorem the Arithmetic, since when the left-hand side is expressed as the product that primes, there room evenly many $3$’s there, while there are oddly numerous on the right.

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answered Sep 14 "14 in ~ 5:05 LubinLubin
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The number $\sqrt3$ is irrational ,it can not be expressed as a ratio of integers a and also b. Come prove the this declare is true, let united state Assume that it is rational and then prove the isn"t (Contradiction).

So the presumptions states the :

(1) $\sqrt3=\fracab$

Where a and also b space 2 integers

Now since we want to refuse our assumption in bespeak to get our wanted result, we must show that there space no such two integers.

Squaring both sides give :

$3=\fraca^2b^2$

$3b^2=a^2$

(Note : If $b$ is odd then $b^2$ is Odd, then $a^2$ is odd due to the fact that $a^2=3b^2$ (3 time an strange number squared is odd) and also Ofcourse a is strange too, since $\sqrtodd number$ is also odd.

With a and b odd, we can say that :

$a=2x+1$

$b=2y+1$

Where x and y must be creature values, otherwise obviously a and also b wont be integer.

Substituting these equations to $3b^2=a^2$ provides :

$3(2y+1)^2=(2x+1)^2$

$3(4y^2 + 4y + 1) = 4x^2 + 4x + 1$

Then simplying and also using algebra we get:

$6y^2 + 6y + 1 = 2x^2 + 2x$

You should know that the LHS is one odd number. Why?

$6y^2+6y$ is even Always, for this reason +1 to an even number provides an weird number.

The RHS side is an also number. Why? (Similar Reason)

$2x^2+2x$ is even Always, and there is NO +1 like there remained in the LHS to do it ODD.

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There space no options to the equation because of this.

Therefore, integer values of a and also b which satisfy the partnership = $\fracab$ cannot it is in found.