Identifying the Boundaries

Europeans dubbed the western Hemisphere the brand-new World. Southern America is the realm consisting of the southern portion of the brand-new World. This realm has the entire continent of south America, i m sorry is smaller in physics area than North America. Together a continent, south America is bigger in physics area than Europe, Antarctica, or Australia however is smaller sized in physics area 보다 Africa or Asia. The southern American continent is located farther eastern than phibìc America and also is smaller sized in physics area. Almost the whole landmass of south America lies to the eastern of the same meridian the runs with Miami, Florida. The Atlantic Ocean borders the continent to the east and also the Pacific Ocean boundaries the continent on the west. The small Isthmus the Panama create a natural break between the south American continent and its next-door neighbors to the north. The Caribbean Sea creates the north boundary.

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The continent consists an extensive selection of latitude. The equator cuts through the northern part of the continent directly through the mouth of the mighty Amazon River. The country of Ecuador is located on the equator—hence that is name. The equatorial an ar is dominated by the dry climates the the tremendous Amazon Basin. The Tropic of Capricorn runs directly through the latitude of São Paulo, Brazil, and also Chile’s Atacama Desert, which reveals that most of the continent is in the zone of the tropics come the north. Southern of the Tropic of Capricorn is the Southern Cone of south America, residence to the physical areas of the Pampas and Patagonia. Tierra del Fuego is the southern pointer of the kingdom with territory in both Argentina and Chile. ~ above the south side that the Tierra del Fuego archipelago is Cape Horn, which is taken into consideration the most southern land point of the continent. The Diego Ramírez Islands south of Cape Horn mark the southern boundary of south America.

A number of listed island teams are typically affiliated with the physical an ar of southern America. The Galapagos Islands room territorially a component of the nation of Ecuador. The Falkland Islands, often referred to as the Malvinas, are situated off the southern coast of Argentina. They room physically linked with southern America yet are administered and also controlled by an excellent Britain as an abroad territory. Argentina has asserted the Falkland Islands and also has battled good Britain for them. Chile controls the detailed Easter Island and the Robinson Crusoe Island in the Pacific Ocean. Miscellaneous islands in the Lesser Antilles that the Caribbean—such as the dutch islands of Aruba, Curacao, and also Bonaire—are sometimes associated with south America since of your proximity to the continent. Lock are consisted of in ar 5.4 "The Caribbean" top top the Caribbean and are more often linked with center America.

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Figure 6.1 southern America: political Map that the Countries and Various physics Regions


The main two physical functions of southern America space the Andes Mountains and also the Amazon River.