Read lesson* en español* en français
personplacething
Robertchurchassistance
doctorMoscowIslam
auntjupiterchair

A noun deserve to be singular or plural. A singular noun is one of something and also a many noun is two or more.

You are watching: Nouns ending in y preceded by a vowel

In English, the general preeminence is that the plural form of most nouns is formed by including –s to the singular form.

singularplural
bookbooks
ideaideas
toytoys
villagevillages
choicechoices

Exceptions: Nouns ending in –s, x, –sh, or –ch form the plural by adding –es.

singularplural
lenslenses
kisskisses
taxtaxes
dishdishes
churchchurches

Attention, –es adds one more syllable come the noun. Because that example, the word book and its many books each have one syllable. Yet the native dish has actually one syllable but the many dishes has actually two syllables.

These space the sound that appear at the end of a noun that when –s or –es is added another rate is likewise added. Keep in mind that the singular noun sometimes ends in a consonant and other time it end in –e. See the class on valuation to find out more.

IPA*word last soundextra rate added
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
vil·lagevil·ag·es
Sin·fer·encein·fer·enc·es

*IPA (International phonetic Alphabet)

Singular nouns finishing in –y came before by a consonant require an altering the –y to –i and including –es. This formula does not add another syllable come the noun.

singularplural
citycities
flyflies
itineraryitineraries

Note the nouns ending in –y came before by a vowel kind the plural by including –s, favor the basic rule.

singularplural
toytoys
essayessays
holidayholidays

Singular nouns finishing in –o preceded by a consonant generally kind the many by adding –es. The variety of syllables does no change.

singularplural
heroheroes
potatopotatoes
zerozeroes

Some spelling exceptions.

singularplural
halohalos
kilokilos
pianopianos

To see a finish list of nouns ending in –o and also how to do them plural, view the lesson on pluralizing -o words.

Singular nouns finishing in –f or –fe generally type the plural by transforming the –f to –v and adding –es. The variety of syllables does no change.

singularplural
leafleaves
thiefthieves
knifeknives
wifewives

Nouns that have actually a word inner –oo often become –ee in the plural.

singularplural
toothteeth
foot feet
goosegeese

Nouns that finish in –us become plural by transforming to –i.

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singularplural
cactuscacti
radiusradii
focusfoci

Finally, here are three vital irregular plurals.