Lithium, a chemical facet with the prize Li, is one of the highlyreactive alkali metals of group 1 through an atom number 3 in the regular table. Lithium is not uncovered in a complimentary state in nature as result of its high reactivity behavior so that it is abstracted from various compounds (mostly from salts). Lithium is the lightest metal ever discovered which has a density around fifty percent of water.

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As us know how much lithium is being used in the human being ofchemistry, so we must have actually very an excellent proper information around its electronic properties to endure in the people of chemistry and that’s why girlfriend are below toknow what valence electrons and also valency the lithium are, aren’t you? yet for thisyou have to know what these 2 terms are, so there is no wasting your time let"s gofor it,

Difference between valence electrons and also valency

Valence electrons are the total variety of electrons presentin the outermost shell of one atom (i.e. In outermost orbital). The valenceelectrons for a neutral atom is always definite, it can not be varied (more orless) in any condition for a certain atom and may or no be equal to itsvalency.


Valency is defined as the total variety of electrons one atomcan lose, gain, or re-superstructure at the moment of bond formation to gain astable electronic configuration i.e. To finish an octet. The valency of an atom canbe variable in different compounds or in chemical reactions due to different bondingmechanisms.

Lithium (Li) valence electrons

There are four basic steps to find out the valence electrons because that lithium atom i beg your pardon are:

Step 1: discover the atom Number


To find out the atomic number of lithium, we have the right to use the periodictable. With the assist of the periodic table, us can easily see the the atomic number of lithium is 3. Together its atom number is 3, it has actually a complete of 3 protons, and forneutral lithium, the number of protons is always equal to the variety of electronsi.e. 3 electrons in the nucleus.

Step 2: compose Electron Configuration


Electron construction is the setup of electrons on theorbitals. The lithium atom has actually a full of 3 electrons, therefore we have to put 3 electron in orbitals. The an initial two electrons will go in the 1s orbital together Sorbital deserve to hold a maximum of two electrons only. The remaining one will certainly go in 2sorbital. Currently wehave,

Lithium electron construction Li (3) =1s22s1(completeconfiguration) or2s1(condensed configuration).

Step 3: recognize Valence Shell

As we know, the valence shell of an atom deserve to be uncovered from the highest number of principle quantum number which is express in the hatchet of n, and in1s22s1, the highest value the n is 2 so the the valence shell of Li is 2s1.

Step 4: find Valence Electrons

The total variety of electrons current in the valence shellof one atom is dubbed valence electrons, and there is only one electron presentin the valence covering of lithium (2s1). Thus, lithium has only one valenceelectron.

Valency of Lithium (Li)

There are numerous different ways to uncover out the valency of anatom which shows the ability of an atom to bond with other atoms. Valence describeshow quickly an atom or a cost-free radical can combine with other chemical species. Thevalency of one atom is determined based upon the number of electrons lost, gained, or common with an additional atom.

An atom is claimed to be stable once its outermost shells haveeight electron (except H and He). If the total number of electrons inoutermost shells is in between one come four, the atom has positive valency and also ifelectrons are in between four to eight, the valency is calculate by subtractingfrom eight and also valency is negative. Atom having four outermost electronspossess both confident and negative valency and also atoms having eight outermostelectrons have zero valencies (i.e. Noble gases).

Alkali metals choose lithium reached the stable (nearest inertgas configuration) by shedding one outermost electron. So that the valency the lithium (Li) is 1.

We can additionally find the valency the lithium v the help of a periodic table. As lithium is an aspect of group 1 which indicated alkalimetals group and also valency of alkali steels are always 1.

Valence electrons and valency the Li+

Lithium-ion Li+ method it has actually lost one electron and has just 2 electron in the orbitals. The electron construction of neutral Li is1s22s1but in Li+ it loser one electron, for this reason it has actually a brand-new electron construction of1s2means Li+ has actually only 2 outermost electron which provides it stable. Thus, lithium-ion (Li+) has eight valence electrons.

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Li+ valency is no zero choose noble gas as their outermostshell has eight electrons. Once a lithium atom loses one electron, Li+ ion is produced and that’s what valency is. So the Li+ valency is +1, not zero.

Chemical Properties

Lithium (Li) atom
Atomic number3
Number that protons3
Number of electrons3
Electron configuration1s22s1
Valence electrons1