A Serigraph is a rendition that an initial artwork created by the silk-screen printing process.

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In the past, the silk-screen printing procedure used a stencil to create the print of an image or a design. Stencils were provided for centuries in the Orient to do fine art prints and also craft items, fabrics, robes,

scriptures and various decorative goods. In Europe, the stencilling method was adopted by craftsmen for greatly utilitarian purposes. Stencils were likewise used to include colour to playing cards and spiritual pictures printed with hardwood blocks. By 17th century, the an approach was being provided to publish ornate wallpapers. And by so late 18th century, stencil printing had made its way to the brand-new World however it to be not until the early 20th century that display screen printing was began to be provided as an creative medium.

The creation of a serigraph is a very labour-intensive hands-on imaginative procedure that requires many weeks to be completed. Before the printing procedure is started, the artist who developed the original image is consulted. Occasionally the artists choose to make transforms when printing the execution - dealing with the print as an initial rather than a reproduction that an already existing image. At times, also a couple of changes in the photo or the emphasizing of details colours or style elements can create a dynamic new image.


Having made this decisions, the serigraph printing procedure begins v the breaking under of the image into different colours that room to be published one after ~ the other until the print is finished. The procedure of color separation involves analyzing the original painting, choosing one colour at a time and also creating a black color ink depiction of that colour. Colour separating was initially a process carried out by hand using repaint brushes and also black India ink on sheets of clean plastic film. Computer systems have gradually come to be a part of the process, which has actually made colour separation much less laborious and has increased the accuracy that the picture as well. However, the eye and experience the the chromist (person who separates the colours) are as valuable as ever and add to the computer system generated separations by bringing in the subtleties of colour and texture.


Serigraphs are created by forcing ink v a series of well meshed silk-screens. Every silk-screen is extended tightly end a firm wood or aluminium frame and also is most frequently coated v a photo-sensitive emulsion, return adhesive film is also used sometimes to create a mask. The chromist creates a separation by paint an opaque medium onto a clear piece of Mylar or acetate. This movie is then moved to a silk screen coated through photo-emulsion, and is then exposed to intense light. The emulsion exposed come the light becomes "cured" or hardened, and also the areas blocked by the opaque separation on the Mylar stay soft and also uncured. The uncured areas of the silkscreen space then washed out using a high push spray gun.


Serigraphy Process

After the screen has to be exposed, washed, and dried, that is closely hand-touched to block out any kind of specks or "pin holes" that may have resulted from stray dust or end washed areas. The display is then set up top top a press, i m sorry is calibrated to move the display screen up and down with continuous registration. This allows the press to feeding a print in a collection of guides, put the screen over the print, print the colour, and also then lift the screen up again to feeding the following print right into the guides. Prior to printing a run, a color mixer carefully prepares the ink. The color mixer and also chromist communicate over what is needed to develop the desired effect. The opacity/transparency, viscosity, hue, and intensity are thought about to receive the best mileage on every colour separation or screen. Transparent or translucent inks, because that example, can produce a selection of colours and effects when printed end several different fields that colour. Opaque inks can cover unwanted areas or produce a physics texture. The chromist considers all of these factors while separating the colours in stimulate to store the variety of separations or screens at a minimum. In the very same manner, the printer has actually a many to think about as well, one vital factor being the mesh that the screen.



Separations the require big fields of color or hefty texture require display screens with a food mesh to accomplish greater coverage if separations with fine detail require display screens with fine mesh. In addition to the screens, the printer can regulate the publish quality with different types of squeegees. Squeegees come in various hardness and also materials to it is adapted to a variety of technological situations. The angle, pressure and also stroke additionally contribute to a variety of effects.

The printing is then lugged out - one colour at a time, beginning with the base colour and also ending through the finishing coat. After each colour run, prints are air-dried ~ above racks prior to the next screen is set up. Every colour runs are completed in this manner over a duration of number of weeks or months.

Ganesh by M F Husain; Serigraph on document in 16 colours

Once all of this is done the artist checks and also verifies each publish minutely and also then signs and also numbers the prints to be exit to the galleries. The notation 1/100 way that this details print is the very first of 100 in the edition. By signing and numbering the prints, the artist guarantees that there will never ever be more than the originally designated serigraphs of this edition.

Bharat by S H Raza; Serigraph on document in 39 colours

Serigraphs have a long and also fascinating background as a to press art more versatile than any kind of traditional printing technique. The use of silkscreen together a contemporary artist medium started in 1938 once a team of brand-new York artists, under the auspices of the commonwealth Art Project, experimented v silk-screening. This group coined the term "serigraphy" and later developed the cell nucleus of the national Serigraph Society, which actively promoted the graphic form.

As initial fine art, serigraphs obtained acceptance indigenous both collectors and also galleries in the 1960s as soon as artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Robert Rauschenberg started creating major works in this medium by exploring with colours and textures that were do not have in various other mediums. At Christie"s and also Sotheby"s art auctions, serigraphs have actually been marketed for 10s of thousands of dollars and have been welcomed into prestigious art museums that the people as well.

In the earlier years, artist didn"t have at your disposal the sources and also people who possessed the know-how and also expertise that goes behind the to press process. However today, after screen printing has acquired such wide acceptance, a number of studios specializing in the same are available to the artists. This studios possess the field of expertise to work-related in collaboration with the artists and also produce prints of greater quality.

Fine Art publish or Reproduction: There is great confusion in between Prints and also Reproductions. If you were to invest a huge sum of money on an Andy Warhol print, you would desire it to be the actual thing and not something v the value of a mass created poster. A reproduction publish is just a colour picture of an currently artwork make by picture and an equipment methods.

A good art print (like a serigraph) will always have value, in fact, fine top quality prints made by leading printmaking artists sell for thousands to countless dollars. Publish collecting is a an excellent way to begin an arts collection.

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Women in Gossip | 30 x 40 inchesLimited execution Serigraph by Thota Vaikuntam published in 57 colours

There space several means a fine arts print deserve to be produced, yet they follow a collection procedure of experienced artist involvement. The artist conceives the occupational as a print and personally connected in that is production. The artist signs, titles and also numbers each print and then destroys all stencils (therefore limiting the execution absolutely).