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A table showing the differences and similarities between Christianity, Islam and Judaism.
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comparison Table between Christianity, Islam and also Judaism:
This section looks at several of the differences and also similarities between the three an excellent monotheistic faiths: Christianity, Islam and also Judaism.
|Origin of the Name||From the Greek:christos, "Anointed" - referring to Jesus Christ.||Derived native an Arabic word because that "submission". Additionally related to the Arabic native salaam, "peace".||From the Hebrew:Yehudim, "Judah".|
|Founder||Jesus Christ (c. 4 B.C. - 30 A.D.)||Mohammed (570 - 632 A.D.) 1||Abraham (First Patriarch, born c. 1800 B.C.)|
|Divisions||Three main groups: Orthodox, Protestant and Roman Catholic.||Two main groups: Sunni and Shia (The division occured as result of a dispute regarding the legitimate follower of the prophet Mohammed). There is also a mystical/ascetic activity in Islam known as Sufi.||Several divisions, consisting of Hasidic, Conservative and Reform Judaism. Country groupings encompass Ashkenazi (The majority) and Sephardi Jews.|
|Followers(2009 Estimates)2||2,200 Million(2.2 Billion)||1,500 Million(1.5 Billion)||14 Million|
|Nature of God||One God, that exists in three unique persons (The Trinity): Father, Son and also Holy spirit (Matthew 28:19).||One God (Arabic: Allah), who is not a trinity. The Islamic watch of God is dubbed strict Monotheism (Quran 112:1).||One God (known in English together "Yahweh" or "Jehovah") - "...Hear Israel, the mr is our God, the lord is one." (Deuteronomy 6:4).|
|Holy Book(s)||The scriptures (from the Greek:Biblos, "books"), offered by God come man. The holy bible writers were influenced by God in their writings. Thus Christians describe the holy bible as words of God (2 Timothy 3:16).||The Quran or Koran (Arabic: "recitation"), revealed come the prophet Mohammed over a duration of around 20 years. The Quran is the final revelation provided by Allah to mankind.||The Hebrew Tanakh, similar to the Christian Old Testament, made up of the Torah (Hebrew: "Law"), Nevi"im ("Prophets") and also Ketuvim ("Writings").|
|Jesus Christ||The second person that the Trinity and also born the the Virgin Mary. "...true God from true God"(Nicene Creed)||Isa (Jesus) was a prophet, sent by Allah and born of the Virgin Mary, but not divine (Quran 5:17).||An simple Jew, no the Messiah no one a magnificent person.|
|Jesus Christ, The Mission of||To reconcile guy to God, with his death as a sacrifice because that the guilty of all mankind.||To proclaim the Injil, or gospel. This gospel has actually been corrupted in time by human additions and alterations.||As Judaism rejects the idea that Jesus as Messiah, his mission is the no relevance.|
|Jesus Christ, The death of||"...For our sake he was crucified...he experienced death and also was buried. ~ above the 3rd day he rose again...he ascended into heaven..."(Nicene Creed)||Jesus was no crucified (Quran 4:157), however was elevated to heaven by Allah (4:158).||Jesus to be crucified for his insurance claim to it is in divine.|
|Holy Spirit||The third person of the Trinity, important divine: "....with the Father and also the boy he is worshipped and also glorified."(Nicene Creed)||Identical through the point of view Gabriel, who appeared to the Prophet Mohammed providing him the Quranic text.||Not a unique person, but a divine power which for example, was given to the Prophets.|
|Other Traditions||The works of the early on church fathers and also ecumenical councils, consisting of the Creeds.||The Hadith, a collection of traditions/sayings that the Prophet Mohammed. The Hadith functions as a supplement to the Quran, offering guidance to Muslims for daily living.||The Talmud, one oral tradition explaining and interpreting the Tanakh. It has the Mishnah - a password of Jewish law.|
|Examples the Rituals||The Sacraments, consisting of Baptism and also Holy Communion(Eucharist). In Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism, five an ext are added, viz: confirmation (Chrismation), Marriage, Penance, divine Orders and Anointing that the sick.Prayer is also vital part the the faith.||Five vital rituals (known together the pillars that Islam):1. Shahadah - A profession of faith.2. Salat - Prayer five times daily.3. Zakat - alms giving.4. Sawm - Fasting during the divine month the Ramadan.5. Hajj - trip to the divine city of Mecca.||Rituals incorporate the Circumcision of freshly born Jewish males, Barmitzvah - a ceremony marking the "coming the age" the Jewish Boys and also observation the the Sabbath (Shabat). Together in the other faiths, prayer is important. The Jewish prayer publication is dubbed the siddur.|
|Sin||We inherit a sinful nature with our common ancestor Adam, who rebelled versus God. Jesus Christ atoned for our sins with his fatality on the cross (Romans 5:12-17).||There is no principle of initial sin, no one vicarious atonement. All humans are born sinless, but human weakness leader to sin.||Judaism rejects the doctrine of original sin. Atonement because that sins commited is made with seeking forgiveness from God in prayer and repentance. In addition, the job of atonement (Yom Kippur) is collection aside specially because that this purpose.|
|Salvation||By grace through faith in Jesus Christ (Ephesians 2:8-9).3||Achieved through good works, thus an individual righteousness have to outweigh personal sin (Quran 23:101-103).||Through an excellent works, prayers and the grace of God. There is no parallel come the Christian check out of substitutionary atonement.|
|Hell||A ar of everlasting punishment for the unrighteous (Matthew 25:46). There is no crossover in between Heaven and also Hell.||A location of torment and fire (Quran 25:65, 104:6-7). In Islam, Hell is well-known as Jahannam. Jahannam has actually several levels and a human may no necessarily invest eternity there.||Tradtionally, over there is the concept of Gehinnom or Gehenna - those that die in sin may suffer short-lived punishment, but details sins merit eternal punishment.However, Judaism"s concepts of the immortality have varied widely among different groups and also in different time periods. For the most part, Judaism does no emphasize the afterlife.|
1 Muslims to the Mohammed an ext as the restorer of the true monotheistic faith, fairly than the founder that a brand-new religion.
2 numbers taken from The people Almanac and Book the Facts.
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3 Salvation in Christianity is questioned in an ext detail top top the Comparison in between Orthodoxy, Protestantism & roman Catholicism page.