The Pampas are a natural an ar of substantial fertile lowland plains in southern America that expand from the Atlantic ocean to the Andes Mountains. These flat, abundant plains are a grassland biome that can be divided into three unique ecoregions: the Uruguayan Savanna, the Humid Pampas and also the semiarid Pampas.

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The Pampas (Las Pampas) are substantial fertile lowland levels in south America that cover an ext than 750,000 sq kilometres (289,577 sq mi) and also include the Argentine districts of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and also Córdoba; in addition to every one of Uruguay and the southernmost Brazilian State of Rio Grande perform Sul.

The substantial plains are a natural region, interrupted just by the low Ventana and also Tandil hills in Argentina. This flat, fertile plains are a grassland biology that deserve to be separated into three distinct ecoregions:

The Pampas space bounded by the drier Argentine espinal grasslands, which form a semicircle around the north, west, and south the the Humid Pampas.

South America map denote the extent of the Pampas.


The climate is normally temperate, progressively giving way to a an ext subtropical climate in the north and to a semiarid climate ~ above the western fringes.

Precipitation arrays from 600 come 1,200 mm (23 to 47 in) the is more or much less evenly distributed through the year, making the soils appropriate for agriculture. Winters are normally mild, however cold waves still occur. Springs are very variable; that is warmer than fall in most areas (especially in the west) but significantly cooler along the Atlantic.

The Pampas offered as lift in Argentina’s gaucho literature, consisting of such remarkable works as José Hernández’s El gaucho Martín Fierro (1872) and Ricardo Güiraldes’s Don Segundo Sombra (1926), and likewise as the template for a good deal of Argentina’s music folklore.

Since the late 20th century some parts of the Pampas have become listed grape-growing regions, an especially the region around Mendoza, i m sorry produces much more than half the wines of south America.

The dominant vegetation species are grassy prairie and also grass steppe in i beg your pardon numerous varieties of the grass genus Stipa are specifically conspicuous. "Pampas grass" (Cortaderia selloana) is an iconic types of the Pampas.

Vegetation commonly includes perennial grasses and also herbs. Various strata the grasses occur due to the fact that of gradients the water availability.

Herbivores include the pampas deer, guanaco, gray brocket, dwarf mara, levels viscacha, Brazilian guinea pig, southern mountain cavy and coypu.

The biggest predator of the region is the puma followed by the maned wolf, pampas fox, geoffroy"s cat, lesser grison and the omnivorous white-eared opossum and also molinas hog-nosed skunk.

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Bird varieties of the pampas are ruddy-headed goose, pampas meadowlark, hudsonian godwit, maguari stork, white-faced ibis, white-winged coot, southerly screamer, dot-winged crake, curve-billed reedhaunter, burrowing owl and the rhea.