What is Barium Hydroxide?

Barium hydroxide is additionally called as baryta v the formula Ba(OH)2. The is a clean white powder through no odour. The is gift in nature. That is ionic in nature because that example, Ba(OH)2 (barium hydroxide) in aqueous systems can provide two hydroxide ions per molecule. Barium hydroxide is the only reagent described for metalizing carboxamidesBarium hydroxide was much less degradative as compared to barium oxide.

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Other surname – caustic baryta, Barium dihydroxide, barium(2+) dihydroxide

Ba(OH)2Barium Hydroxide
Density3.74 g/cm³
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass171.34 g/mol
Boiling Point780 °C
Melting Point78 °C
Chemical FormulaBaH2O2

Barium hydroxide structure – Ba(OH)2


Physical nature of Barium hydroxide – Ba(OH)2

AppearanceWhite solid
Covalently-Bonded Unit3
Vapour Pressure0.48 kPa at 17.6 deg C
SolubilitySlightly soluble in cold water

Uses that Barium hydroxide – Ba(OH)2

Barium hydroxide creates a solid caustic base in aqueous solution. The has plenty of uses, e.g., together a test because that sulphides; in pesticides; in the to produce of alkali and glass.Use that barium hydroxide lime rather than soda lime, high sevoflurane concentration, high absorbent temperature, and also fresh absorbent use.Used in the produce of alkalis, glass, oil and also grease additives, barium soaps, and also other barium compounds.

Health Hazard

Inhalation the barium dusts can cause irritation of the nose and upper respiratory tract and also may create a benign pneumoconiosis well-known as baritosis.Barium ions are toxic to muscles particularly heart, producing stimulation and also then paralysis.It is extremely dangerous neurotoxin. Adverse result may result like effects on heart and also the duty of the central nervous system (CNS).

Frequently request Questions

What space the uses of barium hydroxide?

Industrially, barium hydroxide is provided as a precursor come several various other barium compounds. The monohydrate that this link is widely supplied to dehydrate and also extract sulfate from various products. The an extremely low solubility that barium sulfate is utilized in this application.

How is barium hydroxide prepared?

Barium hydroxide is usually ready by dissolving barium oxide (chemical formula: BaO) in water. The chemistry equation because that this reaction is detailed below.

BaO + 9 H2O → Ba(OH)2·8H2O

It can be listed that this link crystallizes into the octahydrate form, i m sorry is then converted into a monohydrate by heater it in air.

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What happens when barium hydroxide is heated?

When heated to 800° C, barium hydroxide decomposes to productivity barium oxide. Barium carbonate is listed by reaction v carbon dioxide. The strongly alkaline, aqueous solution undergoes neutralization reactions through acids.