What is Ethylene?

Ethylene is an unsaturated necessary compound through the chemistry formula C2H4. It has one dual bond and is the simplest member of the alkene class of hydrocarbons.

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C2H4 is a simplest alkene with chemical name Ethylene. It is additionally called Ethene or Polyethylene or Etileno. It is widely used as a tree hormone, together a refrigerant, and also as a food additive.

Polyethylene is a colorless gas which has a sweet odor and taste. That is flammable and lighter when compared to air. As soon as exposed to heat or fire for a long duration, the containers can explode.

Properties that Ethylene – C2H4

Molecular weight of C2H428.054 g/mol
Density the Ethylene1.178 kg/m3
Boiling point of Ethylene−103.7 °C
Melting point of Ethylene−169.2 °C

Ethylene structure – C2H4


C2H4 provides (Ethylene)

Ethylene is offered in the production of alcohol.Used in the production of polystyrene.Used in promoting senescence.Used to develop fabricated plastics.Used as an herbicide.Used together a curing agent for tobacco.Used together a refrigerant.Used together an anesthetic.Used to accelerate the ripening of fruit commercially.Used in welding metals.

Production the Ethylene

During the year 2013 Etileno was created by approximately 117 suppliers from 32 countries.

Petrochemical sector – A predominant method of developing ethylene is by vapor cracking. Hydrocarbons follow me with heavy steam are heated come a temperature range of 750–950 °C. The converts huge hydrocarbons into smaller hydrocarbons and also initiates unsaturation. As soon as feedstock is ethane climate the product is ethylene. Polyethylene is separated from the obtained mixture mixture by repeated compression and procedure of distillation. Other approaches to develop ethylene include, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, catalytic dehydrogenation, oxidative coupling that methane, and methanol-to-olefins (MTO).

Laboratory method – it is hardly ever prepared in the laboratories and also is generally purchased. It can be synthesized by dehydrating ethanol through H2SO4 (sulfuric acid) or through aluminium oxide in the gas phase.

Health Hazards

Average concentration in waiting can cause drowsiness, unconsciousness, and also dizziness. Overexposure may bring about headache, muscular weakness, and also drowsiness. Also, the vapours of this compound can cause asphyxiation. When ethylene is touch in its liquid form, it causes burns, and severe injury. On heating, the fire liberates irritating and toxic gases.


1. Who found ethylene?A Russian scientist named Dimitry Neljubow demonstrated in 1901, that the energetic component to be ethylene. Doubt uncovered that in 1917 ethylene spurred abscission. Not until 1934 did Gane notice the plants synthesize ethylene

2. How is ethylene produced?Ethylene is commercially occurred by the steam cracking of a wide selection of hydrocarbon feedstocks. Procedures of olefin cracking and also inter conversion are being developed to improve effectiveness of irradiate olephins. They will typically transform C4-C8 olephins and also light gasoline pyrolysis right into ethylene and propylene.

3. Is ethylene heavier 보다 air?Ethylene has the figure of a colorless gas v a light smell and taste. It is lighter 보다 atmosphere.

4. Is ethylene polar or nonpolar?Ethylene is a substance of a nonpolar nature. This is due to the fact that they have actually an equal distribution of electrical charges, unequal a polar molecule.

5. What are the attributes of ethylene?In plants, ethylene acts together a hormone. It features at map rates during the plant’s life by stimulating or regulating fruit maturation, flowers opening and also leaves abscission (or shedding).

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Learn more about the Structure, physical and chemical properties of C2H4 indigenous the professionals at BYJU’S.