You are watching: The declaration of independence illustrates what philosophical school of thought
2. The Americans should have lost the revolution against Great Britain becauseA) the Americans were divided over somany issues.B) the French supported them. C) the British were more motivated to win.D) the British had all the advantages.
3. The Committee of Public Safety was given broad powers toA) protect the Paris Commune from thieves.B) drain all the canals.C) defend France from threats.D) restore order to Brussels.
4. Montesquieu"s most lasting contribution to political thought was hisA) analysis of the governmental system of checks and balances.B) identification of the natural laws that governed human society.C) theory that the government should interfere with religious matters.D) idea that punishments should be brutal to be effective.
8. The Declaration of Independence illustrates what philosophical school of thought?A) Realism B) Enlightenment C) AbsolutismD) Heliocentrism
10. A systematic procedure for collecting and analyzing evidence is known as the _____ method.A) inductive B) scientific C) rationalD) gravitational
11. In his final battle, Napoleon was defeated byA) the bitter Russian winter.B) a combined British and Prussian army.C) a combined French and Swiss army.D) the superior British navy
12. In its attempts to create a new order that reflected its belief in reason, the National ConventionA) declared new national holidays celebrating great French religious leaders.B) ordered the building of several new libraries and universities, even though the treasurywas empty.C) pursued a policy of de-Christianization, going so far as to adopt a new calendar.D) drafted yet another constitution to reflect the ideas of the Enlightenment.
13. A ______________ by Napoleon overthrew the Directory to establish his consulate.A) coup d"état B) election C) secessionD) court ruling
14. What were the two major reasons that Napoleon"s Grand Empire collapsed?A) Napoleon"s greed and laziness within his bureaucracyB) the survival of Great Britain and the force of nationalismC) the resentment of the clergy and the plotting of the accountantsD) France"s weak economy and the drain of Napoleon"s many wars
15. Which of France"s estates paid the taille?A) the First Estate B) the Second Estate C) the Third EstateD) the Fourth Estate
16. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen proclaimedA) equal rights for all men, but no political rights for women.B) an end to the monarchy and the abolishing of a National Assembly.C) equal rights for all citizens, including equal political rights for women.D) an end to the National police force.
17. The difference between the Girondins and the Mountain was thatA) the Girondins were members of the Third Estate, while the Mountain was not.B) the Girondins leaned toward keeping the king alive, while the Mountain wanted theking executed.C) the Girondins were radicals in the city of Amsterdam, while the Mountain representedGermany.D) the Girondins were legitimately elected by the people, while the Mountain seizedpower by force.
18. The most important of the seven legal codes established by Napoleon wasA) the Religious Code. B) the Foreign Policy Code.C) the Merchant Code.D) the Civil Code.
19. Promotion within Napoleon"s new bureaucracy wasA) based on location.B) given to those Napoleon favored, but taken away as soon as they fell out of favor.C) based on ability only, not rank or birth.D) designed to benefit the nobility and keep the middle class from obtaining high-rankingpositions.
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20. To ensure loyalty, who did Napoleon install on the thrones of the lands he conquered?A) his relativesB) DirectoryC) consulateD) Duke of Wellington
21. Who was the radical Jacobin that pursued the Reign of Terror?A) Napoleon BonaparteB) Maximilien RobespierreC) Louis XVID) Jean-Baptiste Colbert
22. When Louis XVI called a meeting of the Estates-General in 1789, which estate wanted to set up aconstitutional government?A) First EstateB) Second EstateC) Third EstateD) Fourth Estate
26. The clergy and nobles in France belonged to the _____________ estate and ___________ estaterespectively.