Understanding the typical Concepts in Anatomy in Medical help


Dividing the body into planes or flat surfaces is one additional means to explain the body. This descriptions are useful when law magnetic imaging, CT scans, and other imaging approaches or when performing surgery.1

Here"s an understanding of how the body is separated into anatomical planes.2


Sagittal planes - upright planes that separate the sides from every other.

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Midsagittal plane -separates the body into right and also left halves.The Frontal plane - divides the body into front and ago portions.The Transverse plane - divides the human body horizontally into an upper and also lower part.

Positional and Directional Terms

These anatomical terms define the place of body structures in relationship to various other structures.

Anterior (ventral) – Front surface of the body (example, the kneecap is situated on the anterior side of the leg).1,2Posterior (dorsal) – earlier side that the human body (example, the shoulder blades are situated on the posterior side of the body). 1,2Proximal –near the point of attachments to the trunk or close to the beginning of a structure. (example, the proximal end of the femur joins with the pelvic bone). 1,2Distal – much from the point of attachments to the stems or much from the beginning of a structure. (example, the hand is situated at the distal end of the forearm). 1,2Inferior – below an additional structure (example, the foot is component of the inferior extremity).

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Superior – over another structure. (example,the hand is part of the premium .extremity). 1,2Medial – pertaining come the center of the human body example, the middle toe is situated at the medial side of the foot). 1,2Lateral – pertaining to the side away from the midline that the human body (example, the little toe is situated at the lateral side of the foot). 1,2Supine – lying on the back. 1,2Prone – lying on the belly. 1,2


John-Nwankwo RN MSN, Jane. Clinical Assistant Certification Study guide Volume 2: clinical Assistant Exam publication (pp. 26-27).https://training.seer.cancer.gov/anatomy/body/terminology.html