Characteristics of concerned Tissue

Nervous tissue is the key component that the concerned system, which contains the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.

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Key Takeaways

Key PointsNervous tissue is one of four major classes of tissues and makes up the main nervous system and also the peripheral worried system.Integration and also communication room the two significant functions of concerned tissue.Nervous tissue has two category of cell — neurons and also neuroglia.Neurons are highly dedicated nerve cells the generate and conduct nerve impulses.Neuroglia are supporting cell that administer physical sport, eliminate debris, and administer electrical insulation.Key Termsmyelin: A substance created by cells of the neuroglia that increases the speed of impulses along the axon of the neuronal fiber.nervous tissue: The principal constituent the the main and peripheral worried system, consisted of neurons and also neuroglia cells.brain: The control center of the main nervous system, situated in the skull.

Nervous Tissue

Nervous tissue is among four major classes that tissues. The is dedicated tissue uncovered in the central nervous system and also the peripheral nervous system. It is composed of neurons and supporting cells dubbed neuroglia.

The nervous system is responsible for the control of the body and also the communication among its parts. Nervous tissue has two category of cells—neurons and neuroglia.


Neurons space highly devoted nerve cells the generate and conduct nerve impulses. A typical neuron is composed of dendrites, the cabinet body, and also an axon.


Dendrites are responsible for responding come stimuli; they receive incoming signals in the direction of the cell body. The axons space responsible for transmitting impulses over long distances from cabinet body. The cell human body is choose a manufacturing facility for the neuron. It produces every the proteins and contains devoted organelles such as nucleus, granules and Nissl bodies.


Neuron: This photo illustrates the parts of a neuron. The dendrites get incoming signals while axons propagate signals far from the neuron cabinet body. The myelin sheath surrounds and insulates the axon.


The axon is surrounded by a whitish, fat layer referred to as the myelin sheath. Exterior the myelin sheath there is a moving layer called the neurilemma.

Schwann Cells

In the peripheral worried system, Schwann cells space neuroglia cell that support neuronal function by boosting the speed of advertise propagation. The Schwann cells room underlain by the medullary sheath. The medullary sheath is interrupted at intervals through the nodes of Ranvier.

Illustration of the Schwann Cells and the Myelin Sheath: transmission electron micrograph of a myelinated axon. The myelin great (concentric) surrounds the axon the a neuron, reflecting Schwann cells.

Types of concerned Tissue

The worried system is composed of concerned tissue, which is composed of two principal varieties of cells called neuron and neuroglia.

Learning Objectives

Describe the main cells that consist of nervous tissue

Key Takeaways

Key PointsNervous organization is composed of neurons and also supporting cells dubbed neuroglia, or ” glial cells.”There are six species of neuroglia. Four are discovered in the main nervous system, while two are found in the peripheral worried system.The four types of neuroglia uncovered in the central nervous mechanism are astrocytes, microglial cells, ependymal cells, and oligodendrocytes.The two types of neuroglia discovered in the peripheral nervous mechanism are satellite cells and Schwann cells.Neurons room the other the other type of cell that consist of nervous tissue. Neurons have cell bodies, dendrites, and axons.Key Termsneuron: The main cell kind in worried tissue.neuroglia: supporting cells in concerned tissue.

Nervous tissue, among the 4 main organization types, is composed of neurons and also supporting cells dubbed neuroglia. Neuroglia are likewise called “glial cells.”


There room six varieties of neuroglia—four in the main nervous system and also two in the PNS. This glial cells are involved in many devoted functions personally from support of the neurons. Neuroglia in the CNS incorporate astrocytes, microglial cells, ependymal cells and oligodendrocytes. In the PNS, satellite cells and also Schwann cells room the 2 kinds of neuroglia.


Astrocytes are shaped like a star and also are the most abundant glial cell in the CNS. They have plenty of radiating procedures which assist in clinging come the neurons and also capillaries. Lock support and also brace the neurons and anchor them to the nutrient supply lines. They also assist in the guiding the migration of young neurons. Astrocytes regulate the chemical environment approximately the neurons.

Microglial Cells

Microglial cell are small and ovoid un form with thorny processes. Lock are discovered in the CNS. Once invading microorganism or dead neurons space present, the microglial cells can transform into a phagocytic macrophage and help in clean the neuronal debris.

Ependymal Cells

Ependymal cells room ciliated and line the main cavities of the mind and spinal cord wherein they kind a reasonably permeable obstacle between the cerebrospinal liquid that fills this cavities and also the organization cells that the CNS.


Oligodendrocytes heat up follow me the nerves and produce one insulating cover dubbed myelin sheath. They are uncovered in the CNS.

Satellite Cells

Satellite cells surround neuron cell bodies in the peripheral nervous device (PNS). They room analogous to the astrocytes in the CNS.

Schwann Cells

Schwann cell surround all nerve yarn in the peripheral nervous mechanism and kind myelin sheaths around the nerve fibers. They are discovered in the PNS. Their function is comparable to oligodendrocytes.


Neurons consist of cabinet body and one or more slender processes. The neuronal cabinet body is composed of a nucleus and also rough endoplasmic reticulum or Nissl Bodies. The cell body is the significant biosynthetic center of a neuron and contains the usual organelles for the synthesis of proteins and also other chemicals. Arm prefer processes prolong from the cell human body to every neurons.

The two types of neuron processes are called dendrites and also axons. Dendrites room motor neurons that space short and have a huge surface area because that receiving signal from other neurons. Dendrites convey just arrive messages in the direction of the cabinet body and are therefore called the receptive input region.

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The axon arises from the cone shaped portion of the cell body referred to as the axon hillock. Functionally, the axon is the conducting region of the neuron and also is responsible because that generating and transmitting impulses typically away indigenous the cell body. A single axon the nerve impulse from the cell human body to one more neuron or an effector organ. The axon have the right to have plenty of terminal branches, so every time the nerve fires, it can stimulate much more than one cell.