Distinguished chroniclers of science give an appraisal of teacher Charles Lyell's life and works, and also his affect through his travels across Europe and also North America. Top geologists assess Lyell's subsequent influence on climatology, sedimentology, stratigraphy, charcoal geology, regional tectonics, volcanology and natural hazards. Modern-day geological research created upon Lyell's heritage illustrates its wealth, 200 years on from his birth. The 23 contributions room arranged in three parts, entitlted: The life and influence of Lyell, Lyell and the advancement of geological science, and also The legacy of Lyell, respectively.

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... Halokinesis emerging from the latest Precambrian-Early Cambrian Hormuz Salt in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt and Persian Gulf has actually been a subject of attention for decades (e.g., Harrison, 1930;Kent, 1958;Player, 1969;Ala, 1974;McQuillan, 1991;Edgell, 1996;Talbot and Alavi, 1996;Talbot, 1998;Bahroudi and Koyi, 2003;Letouzey and also Sherkati, 2004;Callot et al., 2007Callot et al., , 2012Jahani et al., 2007Jahani et al., , 2009Jahani et al., , 2017Perotti et al., 2016). Diapirs of Hormuz Salt space mainly concentrated in the southeast component of the urgent belt and the Persian Gulf (Fig. 1). ...
Evolution that the Karebas Fault device and nearby folds, main Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Iran: role of pre-existing halokinesis (salt structures and also minibasins) and also detachment levels
In the main part the the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt the Iran, number of diapirs that the latest Precambrian–EarlyCambrian Hormuz Salt locally decorate the surface exposures that a series of N–S come NNW–SSE trending right-lateral tear fault systems. The Karebas Fault system (KBFS), as among these error systems, is linked with 5 salt diapirs. Over there are likewise several NW–SE trending anticlines, which space either cross-cut by the fault system or terminated versus it and also the surrounding salt diapirs. The Neogene Zagros crease are plainly affected by the surfaceexpression the the Karebas error System, arguing that the fault system is coeval through or post-dates the Neogene deformation. Top top the contrary, halokinesis as old together at the very least Late Jurassic is recorded by near-diapir stratigraphic exposures, indicating pre-orogenic presence of the diapirs. Although the lack of older rock outcrops precludes tracking the pre-Jurassic records of diapirism, the geometry of strata, i beg your pardon flank this diapirs, shows long-term pre-folding salt rise pushed by downbuilding the lateral minibasins and progressive draping the sedimentary layers over the flanks of the climbing diapirs. Therefore, visibility of old salt structures along the young (Neogene) tear fault device suggests crucial role played by the visibility of early-formed salt frameworks in inducing later strike-slip deformation along area of preferential weakness, i beg your pardon was all set by the pre-folding salt structures and also thinner sedimentary heap overlying them. Salt diapirs and related alters in stratigraphic thicknesses (i.e. Minibasins) additionally effectively grappled through the process of folding. Detachment folding is typically the main structural style throughout the area, and was mainly developed over the Hormuz Salt together the basal décollement and also partly by authorized of the intermediary detachment levels. However, preferential weakness and also squeezing the the diapirs ~ above one hand and also greater toughness of the minibasins top top the other hand gave rise to further complexities the deformation throughout shortening. Such first-order controls could led to perturbations, in ~ the range of diapirs and also minibasins, in the stress and anxiety pattern together the southwestward-advancing former of the Zagros deformation migrated across the stratigraphic section and the salt structures. It developed because stress, overload is localized in ~ the diapirs and squeezes them whereas has tendency to avoid folding the thick, and also hence stronger, minibasins into anticlines. In such a context, the localization and also the longitudinal propagation of the crease in the cover sequence can be substantial influenced and also irregular. The an effect was variable fold geometries (location and dimension) and also fold-axes rotations v respect come the diapirs and minibasins.

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... In no duration of modern-day structural geologic studies have actually fossil faults been taken into consideration as the origin and also destination subject of investigations. However, the interconnectedness of different objects in geology structures, very long-term (order the billions of years) consistency of straightforward but crucial rules ~ above Earth, stress, strain and deformation mechanisms, rheology and also rock mechanics has noted an chance for structural geologists to apply Charles Lyell's legislation "the existing is the crucial for the past" (Blundell and also Scott, 1998;Mathieson, 2002). Fossil faults room a major source the information around past geological procedures that were energetic at part depth in Earth's lithosphere, and also also administer an possibility for proposing and predicting the future in structural geology. ...