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The Calusa: "The covering Indians"

The Calusa (kah LOOS ah) live on the sandy shores that the southwest coastline of Florida. These Indians regulated most of south Florida. The populace of this people may have actually reached as plenty of as 50,000 people. The Calusa men were tall and also well developed with long hair. Calusa method "fierce people," and they were described as a fierce, war-like people. Countless smaller tribes were continually watching because that these marauding warriors. The first Spanish explorers uncovered that these Indians to be not an extremely friendly. The explorers soon came to be the targets of the Calusa attacks. This people was the first one that the Spanish explorers composed home around in 1513.

How the Calusa Lived

The Calusa live on the coast and also along the inner waterways. They built their residences on stilts and also wove Palmetto leaves to fashion roofs, yet they didn"t construct any walls.

The Calusa indians did not farm like the other Indian tribes in Florida. Instead, lock fished for food top top the coast, bays, rivers, and waterways. The men and boys the the tribe made nets native palm tree webbing to record mullet, pinfish, pigfish, and catfish. They provided spears to capture eels and also turtles. They make fish bone arrowheads come hunt for pets such together deer. The women and also children learned to capture shellfish choose conchs, crabs, clams, lobsters, and oysters.

The Calusa as covering Indians

The Calusa are thought about to it is in the an initial "shell collectors." Shells to be discarded into large heaps. Unlike various other Indian tribes, the Calusa did not make many pottery items. They provided the shells for tools, utensils, jewelry, and also ornaments for their shrines. Shell spears were produced fishing and also hunting.

Shell mounds can still be uncovered today in numerous parts of southerly Florida. Environmentalists and conservation groups protect countless of these continuing to be shell mounds. One covering mound website is Mound crucial at Estero just in Lee County. Its construction is made totally of shells and clay. This website is believed to be the chief city of the Calusa, whereby the leader that the tribe, chef Carlos lived.

Archaeologists have excavated numerous of these piles to learn much more about this extinct people. Artifacts such as shell tools, weapons, and ornaments are on screen in countless Florida background museums.

The Calusa as Sailors

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Living and surviving ~ above the coast caused the tribesmen to become good sailors. They protected their land versus other smaller tribes and European explorers the were traveling by water. The Calooshahatchee River, which way "River that the Calusa," to be their main waterway.

They travel by dugout canoes, which to be made from hollowed-out cypress logs approximately 15 feet long. They supplied these canoes to take trip as much as Cuba. Explorers reported that the Calusa assaulted their ships the were anchored close to shore. The Calusa were also known come sail up and also down the west coastline salvaging the riches from shipwrecks.

What occurred to the Calusa?

What taken place to these fierce sailing Indians? The Calusa tribe passed away out in the so late 1700s. Opponent Indian tribes from Georgia and South Carolina started raiding the Calusa territory. Plenty of Calusa to be captured and also sold together slaves.

In addition, conditions such as smallpox and measles were carried into the area indigenous the Spanish and also French explorers and also these diseases wiped out whole villages.

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That is believed that the couple of remaining Calusa indians left because that Cuba once the Spanish rotate Florida end to the brother in 1763.

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