The Northwest coastal Indians could capture enough fish throughout the summer salmon run to feed themselves for the whole winter. The Indians likewise caught a variety of food native the sea including halibut and also cod. They ate clams, crabs, seals, sea otters, sea lions, fish, herring eggs, and mussels, sea urchins, and seaweed. The men hunted land animals including bear, caribou, deer, elk, and also moose. The Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka)/Makah and to a lesser extent the Haida likewise caught whales. In some locations mountain goats could be found. The women gathered roots, berries, seaweed because that salt, nuts, fungus, acorns, and also camas bulbs. Blueberries and huckleberries were several of the favourite berries. While most tribes lived on the coastline during the summer months, when winter came countless moved your camps to a much more protected area favor up a flow or inlet.

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Customs

The Northwest seaside tribes periodically gathered with each other for a potlatch. The human hosting the potlatch provided away as many gifts come his guests together he could. This verified he was wealthy. These ceremonies might last for days. Singing, dancing, and also story-telling were component of the celebration.

The Northwest seaside Indians took slaves. Servants were a authorize of wealth. Children were maintained close to your camp for fear that they would certainly be steal by one more tribe and also become a slave.

Tools/Weapons

Only two people of Northwest seaside Indians, The Makah and Nootka, hunted for food in the sea. Lock built an excellent seagoing canoes. Part were more than 60 feet long. They developed the canoes from the trunks of vast cedar and also redwood trees. The canoes could hold as numerous as 60 men. The Makah and Nootka often sculpted elaborate photos and painted draft on your canoes.  The Inuit built big boats called an umiak. The umiak was around 30 feet in length. When a whale was spotted the chief was the an initial to win it v his harpoon. Climate the others joined in. After ~ the whale died, the ind tied its mouths shut so the whale’s lungs couldn’t fill v water. The whale would end up being heavy and also sink if this were to happen. The whale to be then towed ago to shore.  when the whale to be pulled come shore, that was reduced up. The meat to be divided. The whale also was a source of oil and the bones were offered for assorted tools. Whole tribe could live because that a entirety year on 2 to four whales.

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Art


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The Northwest Indians thought that each of your clans were very closely related come a specific animal. Common animals were the raven, thunderbird, eagle, wolf, killer whale, and also bear. These pets were supplied as design for numerous objects. The draft were periodically flattened or bent come the form of the object it was being inserted on. Parts of the animals were attracted in squared ovals and solid, curved u-shaped sections.

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The Northwest seaside Indians carved and painted wood masks. These were used in dances during ceremonies. The dances acted the end legends of ancestors and family origins. Periodically the masked dancers appeared through trap doors or swung v the air on rope to look choose they to be flying. The ceremonies were organized in fancy settings. As soon as the dancers put on masks they take it on the personality the the soul the mask represented.