The urban of Athens and also Sparta were bitter rivals in old Greece. Geographically castle are really close to every other, however have periodically had really different values, lifestyles, and cultures.

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Athens matches Sparta comparison chart AthensSpartaAbout Country Geography Population (Ancient) Region Climate Economy (Ancient) Culture (Ancient) Military Outlook (Ancient) Ancestry girls education Population (Modern) Economy (Modern) Latitude Longitude Time ar
The capital and largest city the Greece. Leader that the Delian League. Residence of many old philosophers, historians, and also authors. Known in Greek together Sparti. The city lies in ~ the southern finish of the main Laconian plain, ~ above the right bank of the Eurotas River.
Greece Greece
Close the sea through a harbor. Hilly area. Landlocked. Additionally in a hilly area that gives natural defense.
At time the Peloponnesian battle 360,000-610,000 At time that Peloponnesian battle 40,000-50,000
Attica Laconia
Mediterranean climate, but more dry with about 15 inch of rain every year Also a Mediterranean climate, but with much more rain.
Dependent top top trade and agriculture Dependent ~ above agriculture
Forward looking and also progressive Controlling, traditional, and also conservative
not as army based, and required military company was only two years because that citizens. Navy was finest in the Greek world. mandatory military service from period 7 come 60. Floor based army with no navy till the end of the Peloponnesian war.
Democratic Oligarchic
Ionian Descent Descendants the the Dorian invaders
no yes
3,761,811 35,529
Dependent on agriculture and tourism. Mostly based upon tourism
37 58" 37 04" N
N 23 43" E N 22 25" E


Both Athens and Sparta hold historical value because that Greece and also the world. Athens is the capital and the biggest city the Greece. That is a facility for economic, political, gaue won and society life in Greece. Athens is the price of freedom, art, and also democracy in the conscience that the polite world. Athens take it its surname from the goddess Athena, the goddess the wisdom and knowledge.

Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is situated in the facility of the Peloponnese in southerly Greece. Sparta to be the Dorian Greek military state, thought about as the protector that Greece together it was providing big army to greece for countless years. In ~ present, Sparta is the governmental capital the the awareness of Laconia.


Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 3,000 years, coming to be the top city of old Greece in the an initial millennium BCE; its social achievements throughout the fifth century BCE laid the structures of west civilization. During the middle Ages, the city experienced decline and climate recovery under the oriental Empire, and also was relatively prosperous during the Crusades, as they benefitted indigenous Italian trade. After a long period of decline under the ascendancy of the footrest Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the funding of the live independence Greek state.

Tradition relates that Sparta was established by its an initial king, Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and also Taygete, who named the city ~ his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, approximately 1000 BCE. Part eighty years after the Trojan War, follow to the timeless chronology, Dorian migration indigenous the north took place and also eventually resulted in the increase of classical Sparta — renowned as a martial power, opponent of the Persian Empire, and eventual conquer of Athens. After dominating many kingdoms and also warring with many communities, Sparta infect a major empire about 400 BCE. This was also the time that Athens" fall, which proclaimed Sparta exceptional in the constant war that the two empires. In medieval times, the city that Sparta was ruined by numerous invasions. Modern-day day Sparta, which is recognized as Sparti in Greece, to be rebuilt approximately 1834.

beliefs and culture

Athens and also Sparta differed in their ideas of getting along with the remainder of the Greek empires. Sparta appeared to it is in content through themselves and noted their military whenever required. That is why it thought about itself as the protector that the Greek. ~ above the other hand, Athens wanted to take control of much more and much more land in Greece. This idea at some point led come war in between the Greeks. Sparta had actually a an effective army and Athens knew the they can not to win them however they had actually the strength of a navy unit which Sparta didn’t have.

What the two neighborhoods had in usual was the they to be both thinkers. Lock worshiped their gods and respected people. They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. It might be stated that some even loved battle itself.

Where lock differed was the while the Spartans had actually militaristic values, Athenians to be democratic. The Spartans emphasized only on broadening their power and gaining regulate over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times. They construed the prestige of such growth and concentrated top top them besides on military strength.



The Athenian type of electing a government was called limited Democracy when the Spartan form was dubbed oligarchy" (rule by a few), however it had aspects of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and also aristocracy (rule through the upper course or land owning class). Sparta has had actually two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. ~ above the various other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. Athens is claimed to have been the birthplace the democracy.

Sparta to be an “Oligarchy”. The old Greek “oligos” equates to “few”, while “archia” method “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. Five Ephors were chosen annually, add by 2 kings, that passed top top the crowns to their liked sons. The Spartan equivalent of the senate to be its “gerousia”, when Ephors and also the monarchs would consistently attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and shot to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. Other purposes of the basic assembly were to poll on and also pass legislation and make polite decisions. The procedure by i beg your pardon this to be undertaken to be by a an easy shouting that ‘yes’ or ‘no’.

As a whole, the 5 Ephors had actually the power to overrule the Kings, yet tended to store to religious and aggressive duties. Sparta’s system of government was very exclusive and open come members of just the highest possible social standing.

On the other hand, Athens to be a democracy, which intended “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). 5000 to 6000 men were narrowed under to a group of 500, who would then be divided into teams of 50. Each would take fee for about a month, and also ten generals were automatically elected because of their experience. Rather were liked by a method called ‘lot’ voting. The Athenian assembly, well-known as the “ekklesia”, satellite to discuss political, militaristic and social matters and also agendas in the pnyx. This was an area close by to the markets and also social center of Athens, the “agora”.



Compared to the basic lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had actually a very modern and open outlook. Uneven Sparta, in Athens, guys were not forced to sign up with the army. As an Athenian, one could get a good education and also could pursue several type of arts and sciences. Sparta world were not open to education and also they only concentrated on military strength and obedience and they didn"t interact much v the external world.

communication with other Greek says

Sparta was contents to save to chin and detailed army and also assistance when essential to other states. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control an ext and an ext of the land about them. This at some point led come war between all the Greeks.


Athens had a Mediterranean climate with great amount of precipitation, vice versa, Sparta had fairly temperate but really dry climate. Due to soil erosion and less vegetation, water to be a very scanty commodity in Sparta.

ladies of Athens and Sparta

Family ties in Athens were stronger and women to be legally the dependents of your husbands or your father. They can own no building apart native the family. In Sparta, women had actually rights that various other Greek women did no have. In Sparta ladies were stronger and they created liaisons with men as castle chose. Castle could likewise own building by themselves. In Athens women did chores such as weaving or cooking, however in Sparta the females were cost-free of every such chores.

War between Athens and Sparta

Athens and also Sparta were two rival city-states, when the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the previous boasted that a an excellent navy. Athens and also its allies, recognized as the Delian League, came into conflict with the Spartans and also the Peloponnesian league, and in 431 BC a war damaged out in between the two cities - a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes payment by smaller sized dependent states.

This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, essentially was a 28-year duration of on and also off civil war among Greek city-states. (A city-state was a city, such together Athens, and also the surrounding nation under that influence and protection; Athens and also its neighboring area, known as Attica, was around the dimension of Rhode Island). Sparta had a clear military advantage on land, yet the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side was able to seize and also maintain the upper hand. Both sides experienced significant victories and also crushing defeats, and also the war was typically interrupted by durations of negotiated peace. The war ended in 404 BC with the defeat of Athens and also its democracy.

economic climate

Sparta was mainly an agricultural land due to the fact that of that is inland location. The most important imports were metals. In Sparta, guys were greatly warriors; others to be slaves. Their economic climate was mainly based upon agriculture. Athens economy was dependent an ext upon trade. Athens became the foremost trading strength of the Mediterranean by the fifth century BC.

insurance claim to fame

Athens has uncovered its name in Greek history for that is undying wisdom and concentration top top infrastructural advancement and Sparta because that its army power.

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Anonymous comments (5)

May 29, 2013, 6:31am

THIS IS SPARTA!!!!!!!!!!

— 58.✗.✗.160

February 8, 2013, 2:57am

"Athens focused on freedom, art, and worshiping the goddess the wisdom, Athena.""Sparta concentrated on army strength and also being obedient."Now I recognize the difference in between these two city-states. Thanks!

— 99.✗.✗.109

June 28, 2012, 8:31am

Thanks because that the info. :D assisted me alot.

— 195.✗.✗.9

January 29, 2014, 10:25pm

this website is amazing, just finished a file with cites and also qoutes.A+. My teacher to be so impressed