l>The story that the atom. Atoms losing bits.

You are watching: What happens when you remove an electron from an atom

logo3. Separating atomspage 9Atoms shedding bitsThe electrons that whiz about outside the nucleus have actually a negative charge. Castle are held in the atom through the positive charge that the nucleus. This electrostatic attraction is part of one of the simple forces of nature – electromagnetism.

Interactive atom becoming an ionPicture 3.1 A neutral atom that loses an electron i do not care a optimistic ion.Neutral atomsIn ordinary matter, the number of electrons in an atom is the very same as the variety of protons. The positive and an unfavorable charges balance each other. Overall, the atom is uncharged (neutral).

However, if something happens to do an atom lose or acquire an electron climate the atom will certainly no longer be neutral.

Atoms or ionsAn atom that gains or loses an electron becomes an ion. If that gains a an adverse electron, it i do not care a negative ion. If it loser an electron it i do not care a positive ion (see page 10 for more on ions).

When a whole group of atoms (usually as component of one insulator) gain or shed electrons, this will cause static electrical energy (see web page 11 for an ext on electrostatics).

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navigation barQuestion 8Look in ~ the number of particles in the atom below. In each case, decide whether the atom is neutral or charged. In the critical four, girlfriend will have to say whether it has end up being an ion and also what the net charge is.elementsprotonselectronssodium1111please chooseneutralchargedsodium1110please chooseneutralchargedoxygen89please chooseneutralchargedoxygen88please chooseneutralchargediron2624please chooseatompositive ionnegative ioniron2623please chooseatompositive ionnegative ionhydrogen10please chooseatompositive ionnegative ionhydrogen11please chooseatompositive ionnegative ion