Aphrodite - Apollo - Ares -Artemis - Athena - Demeter - Dionysus - Hephaestus - Hera - Hermes - Poseidon - Zeus - Othershome basic readPOSEIDON (puh-SYE-dun or poh-SYE-dun; roman inn name Neptune) to be the god of the sea, earthquakes and horses. Back he was officially one of the can be fried gods of mount Olympus, that spent many of his time in his watery domain.Poseidon was brother to Zeus and also Hades. These 3 gods divided up creation. Zeus was leader of the sky, Hades had ascendancy of the Underworld and also Poseidon was offered all water, both fresh and salt. Although over there were various rivers personified as gods, this would have been technically under Poseidon"s sway. Similarly, Nereus, the Old man of the Sea, wasn"t really taken into consideration on a par with Poseidon, that was well-known to journey his chariot with the tide in unquestioned dominance. Poseidon had married Nereus"s daughter, the sea-nymph Amphitrite. In separating heaven, the watery realm and also the subterranean soil of the dead, the Olympians agreed that the earth itself would be ruled jointly, v Zeus together king. This led to a variety of territorial disputes amongst the gods. Poseidon vied through Athena to be patron divine being of Athens. The god demonstrated his power and benevolence by striking the Acropolis through his three-pronged spear, which led to a spring of salt water to emerge.Athena, however, planted one olive tree, which was seen as a much more useful favor. She paramount prestige to the Athenians is checked out in her magnificent temple, the Parthenon, which tho crowns the Acropolis. The civilization of Athens to be careful, every the same, to respect Poseidon too (as soon as his rage calmed down and he withdrew the overwhelming of seawater with which he devastated the land after his lose in the challenge with Athena). Poseidon was father that the hero Theseus, return the mortal Aegeus additionally claimed this distinction. Theseus to be happy to have actually two fathers, enjoying the lineage of each when it suited him. Hence he became king that Athens by virtue of being Aegeus"s son, yet availed himself of Poseidon"s parentage in dealing with a an obstacle handed him by King Minos that Crete. This monarch threw his signet ring into the depth of the sea and also dared Theseus come retrieve it. The hero dove in ~ the waves and not only discovered the ring yet was offered a crown by Poseidon"s wife, Amphitrite. Poseidon was no so well-disposed toward another famous hero. Because Odysseus blinded the Cyclops Polyphemus, that was Poseidon"s son, the god not just delayed the hero"s homeward return from theTrojan War but caused the to face enormous perils. At one point he whipped up the sea with his trident and also caused a storm so significant that Odysseus to be shipwrecked.Poseidon an in similar way cursed the wife of King Minos. Minos had proved his magnificent right to dominion Crete by phone call on Poseidon come send a bull indigenous the sea, which the king promised to sacrifice. Poseidon sent out the bull, but Minos liked it too lot to sacrifice it. So Poseidon asked Aphrodite, the goddess of love, to do Minos"s queen, Pasiphae, autumn in love through the bull. The result was the monstrous Minotaur, half-man, half-bull. As god the horses, Poseidon often embraced the shape of a steed. The is not particular that he remained in this form when he wooed Medusa. However when Perseus later killed the Gorgon, the winged equine Pegasus sprangfrom her severed neck.

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Poseidon sometimes granted the shape-shifting power to others. And he delivered to the request of the maiden Caenis that she it is in transformed right into the invulnerable, male warrior Caeneus.