Before walk to learn what is the integral of cot x, let united state recall couple of facts around the cot (or) cotangent function. In a ideal angled triangle, if x is among the acute angles, then cot x is the ratio of the adjacent side of x to the opposite next of x. Therefore it can be written as (cos x)/(sin x) as cos x = (adjacent)/(hypotenuse) and sin x = (opposite)/(hypotenuse). We use these facts to discover the integral the cot x.

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Let us find out the integral that cot x formula along with its proof and examples.

 1 What is the Integral that Cot x dx? 2 Integral that Cot x proof by Substitution 3 Definite Integral of Cot x dx 4 FAQs ~ above Integral the Cot x

What is the Integral the Cot x dx?

The integral of cot x dx is equal to ln |sin x| + C. That is represented by ∫ cot x dx and also so ∫ cot x dx = ln |sin x| + C, whereby 'C' is the integration constant. Here,

'∫' is the symbol of integration.dx represents the the integration is v respect to x.

We use the integration through substitution an approach to prove this integration the cot x formula. We will watch it in the upcoming section.

Integral that Cot x proof by Substitution

Here is the source of the formula of integral the cot x by using integration by substitution method. Because that this, let us recall the cot x = cos x/sin x. Climate ∫ cot x dx becomes

∫ cot x dx = ∫ (cos x)/(sin x) dx

Substitute sin x = u. Climate cos x dx = du. Climate the above integral becomes

= ∫ (1/u) du

= ln |u| + C (Because ∫ 1/x dx = ln|x| + C)

Substitute u = sin x earlier here,

= ln |sin x| + C

Thus, ∫ cot x dx = ln |sin x| + C.

Hence proved.

Definite Integral of Cot x dx

The definite integral of cot x dx is an integral v lower and also upper bounds. To evaluate it, we substitute the upper and also lower limits in the worth of the integral cot x dx and also subtract them in the same order. Us will work-related on part definite integrals of cot x dx.

Integral the Cot x native 0 come pi/2

∫(_0^pi/2) cot x dx = ln |sin x| (left. ight|_0^pi/2)

= ln |sin π/2| - ln |sin 0|

= ln |1| - ln 0

We understand that ln 1 = 0 and also ln 0 is not defined. So

∫(_0^pi/2) cot x dx = Diverges

Therefore, the integral the cot x indigenous 0 to π/2 diverges.

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Integral the Cot x indigenous pi/4 to pi/2

∫(_pi/4^pi/2) cot x dx = ln |sin x| (left. ight|_pi/4^pi/2)

= ln |sin π/2| - ln |sin π/4|

= ln |1| - ln |1/√2|

By among the properties of logarithms, ln (m/n) = ln m - ln n. So

= ln 1 - ln 1 + ln √2

= ln √2

∫(_pi/4^pi/2) cot x dx = ln √2

Therefore, the integral that cot x from π/4 to π/2 is equal to ln √2.

Important note on Integral of Cot x dx:

∫ cot x dx = ln |sin x| + C∫ cot2x dx = - csc x + C together d/dx(csc x) = -cot2x + C

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