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The Arkenstone however, has undeniable "powers" or nature which make it really special3.
So in light of this, what is the Arkenstone?
Has Tolkien ever before written anything around it? Is over there something I"ve missed from the books?
Edit:There appears to it is in some brand-new info stating the the Arkenstone is no a Silmaril.
The Arkenstone is definitely not a Silmaril for the complying with reasons (not one exhaustive list):The Hobbit explicitly states that there was only one Arkenstone yet there were three Silmarils.The Silmarils glow v mingled gold/silver light, the Arkenstone glows v white light.The Silmarils room in their permanent homes (sky/earth/water) until the finish of the world, the Arkenstone to be found prior to the finish of the world.The Silmarils will burn mortal flesh, the Arkenstone doesn"t.The Arkenstone was "cut and also fashioned through the Dwarves", the Silmarils were successfully indestructible: "like the decision of diamonds that appeared, and also yet was more strong than adamant, so the no violence might mar that or break it in ~ the Kingdom of Arda".
Ultimately, when it deserve to be said that Tolkien did derive motivation from the Silmarils when inventing the Arkenstone (in certain see his use of Eorclanstanas to define the Silmarils in the Old English version of texts given in HoME4), inspiration is all the it was and the evidence is simply too strong against it gift one.
Everything that Tolkien ever before wrote about the Arkenstone (aside indigenous incidental mentions) is built up in the text of the Hobbit, therefore it"s worth quoting every one of the descriptive passages.
But fairest of all was the good white gem, which the dwarves had uncovered beneath the root of the Mountain, the heart of the Mountain, the Arkenstone of Thrain. "The Arkenstone! The Arkenstone!" murmured Thorin in the dark, fifty percent dreaming through his chin upon his knees. "It was like a globe with a thousands facets; that shone prefer silver in the firelight, like water in the sun, like snow under the stars, prefer rain top top the Moon!"
This is just a descriptive passage and offers no hints to it"s nature past it gift a "great white gem".
It to be the Arkenstone, the love of the Mountain. So Bilbo guessed native Thorin’s description; yet indeed there could not be two such gems, also in for this reason marvellous a hoard, even in every the world. Ever as he climbed, the very same white gleam had actually shone prior to him and also drawn his feet towards it. Gradually it thrived to a small globe of pallid light. Currently as he come near, it to be tinged through a flickering sparkle of countless colours in ~ the surface, reflected and also splintered from the wavering light of his torch. At critical he looked down upon it, and he captured his breath. The great jewel shone before his feet that its very own inner light, and yet, cut and also fashioned by the dwarves, who had actually dug the from the love of the mountain long ago, the took all light that dropped upon it and adjusted it into ten thousand sparks the white radiance shot v glints of the rainbow.
This is the main passage the is more than likely responsible for much of the "Arkenstone = Silmaril" speculation, however it stops working on many of the points ns list above.
The Elvenking himself, whose eyes were offered to things of wonder and also beauty, stood up in amazement. Also Bard gazed marvelling in ~ it in silence. The was together if a world had been filled v moonlight and also hung prior to them in a network woven that the glint that frosty stars.
And this is a reasonably minor passage that supplies nothing much new.
In the end that"s every we have to work with. There"s nothing else in any kind of of the books, naught in his Letters.
If it"s unsatisfactory to say "it"s simply a white gem" there is tho one candidate left over. In the Silmarillion we learn about the Noldors" exploration of gems, and also in specific Feanor"s do of fabricated gems:
...he it was who, very first of the Noldor, discovered how jewel greater and brighter 보다 those of the earth might be made v skill. The very first gems that Feanor made were white and also colourless, yet being set under starlight they would certainly blaze with blue and also silver fires brighter 보다 Helluin...
If us really must seek an explanation for what the Arkenstone is in Tolkien"s writings, then such a gem may administer this explanation, and also it require not even be one made by Feanor or any of the Noldor: a gem "made through skill" the is "greater and also brighter than those that the earth" could just also have been made through the Dwarves (see "cut and fashioned by the Dwarves"), the kids of Aule.
Update - 10th march 2015
In history of Middle-earth 11, commentary to the Grey Annals i 22, Christopher Tolkien note the adhering to from a previously version the the text ("GA 1" is the earlier version, "them"/"they" is the Dwarves, "Lorien" is the region in Valinor, not Middle-earth, and "Enfeng" is an earlier name for the Longbeards):
The conclusion that this paragraph is wholly different in GA 1:
For Melian teach them lot wisdom (which likewise they were passionate to get), and she provided to them additionally the an excellent jewel i beg your pardon alone she had carried out that Valinor, occupational of Feanor,
Christopher Tolkien then goes top top to keep in mind that this idea was ultimately rejected owing to chronological problems: Melian had actually left Valinor more than 100 Valian Years prior to Feanor to be born, and so could not have actually taken one of his jewels out of Valinor. In the adhering to version it to be substituted because that the story that the pearl Nimphelos.
However the choice of words below is hardly accidental, and also this, then, is a candidate because that the Arkenstone (accepting the distinction in the colour of the light).
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Christopher Tolkien does not touch top top this opportunity in his commentary, however.