when you’re old sufficient to read, it’s hard not to an alert the sign: “Welcome to historic Lewiston, Idaho – Idaho’s very first Territorial Capital.”

It’s something it is ingrained in you cultivation up in the town and what girlfriend openly share with those you satisfy from below the time zone bridge.

You are watching: What is the capitol of idaho

Shannon Hohl checked out the college of Idaho, yet now stays in Boise and has lengthy wondered what prompted the capital to move nearly 275 mile south.

“Friends of mine that are from Boise yes, really don’t recognize much around this, however when I speak to world who room from phibìc Idaho they’re the ones that usually bring it up,” Hohl says.

“They usually just mention it ‘Oh, through the way the capital was in Lewiston,’ type of prefer ‘Don’t forget us. Nothing forget that we were whereby it was at, in ~ the time.’”

It’s a story the strikes in ~ the love of Idaho’s west roots.

Lewiston sit at the confluence that the Snake and also Clearwater Rivers – the same water the Corps the Discovery reduced through through dugout canoes ~ above its trek westward to the Pacific Ocean.

Several decades later, settlers relocated in come stake claims at adjacent goldmines, to harvest huge forests just upriver, and also later, to farm yard the affluent soils that the Palouse and Camas Prairie.


Credit college of Idaho Library, special Collections
Lewiston, Washington Territory, respectable 1862.
“Lewiston to be a pretty flourishing community. Indeed, it had a population larger than Seattle and also Portland combined. There to be thousands of people came here,” says local historian Steven Branting who written numerous books about the city.

“But you would certainly have been in a town that to be pretty lawless. There to be no Matt Dillon in town to store the peace,” Branting says, introduce to the sheriff personality in the collection "Gunsmoke."

At the time, Lewiston and the remainder of Idaho were part of the Washington Territory.

In 1863, Congress carved out the Idaho are with Lewiston designated as its capital, however it wouldn’t last long.

Later the year, the southerly legislative contingent make the efforts to carry the capital home with them, but the bill was at some point tabled.


Miners who had actually struck gold in the top Clearwater close to Pierce, however, now relocated to the Boise container in find of new veins, according to Branting.

“They were adhering to the money, essentially, and so most civilization left Lewiston except for a lot of the people who observed the potential of being a location where steamers were going come be comes up.”

The influx of civilization created new counties – and an ext counties meant an ext seats for the south in the territorial legislature.

The return the the legislative in November 1864 is other northerners case should never have happened under the law.

Despite your objections, lock couldn’t avoid a invoice to relocate the capital.

“It was no a little matter. World were very emotionally connected in this,” Branting says.

The complying with spring, Clinton DeWitt Smith, the newly set up territorial secretary that state, called himself acting governor and brought commonwealth troops v him from surrounding Fort Lapwai.

Those who had actually opposed the relocate locked the territorial seal and documents in ~ the Lewiston jail – no in the capitol structure as frequently thought, follow to Branting.

“And they especially took them the end of over there to gain them out of his hands – the secretary’s hand – and also they locked lock in the jail. So as soon as brought troops in, the troops extended the ferries, that went in and also broke the lock ~ above the jail and also got in and also got all the papers and also then whips the end of city on the ferry.”

In 1866, the territory’s brand-new Supreme Court upheld what northerners viewed as a wild west heist without issuing a written opinion.


Those from the panhandle to be so furious v the decision castle pressured conference to annex Idaho"s northern half into the Washington are about twenty years later. Both the House and Senate passed the bill, however President Grover Cleveland hid the in his desk.

“Governor Stevenson, who was a close friend, lobbied him yes, really hard. I typical he leaned top top him, speak it will develop chaos here and Cleveland pocket vetoed it, i m sorry a chairman cannot execute today,” Branting says.

“Otherwise, we would certainly be sitting in Washington ideal now.”

So now, it’s just a allude of pride – and sometimes a chip on our shoulders – because that those of united state from Lewiston.

See more: Where Is The Number Lock Key On A Dell Keyboard? Enable Or Disable Numlock On The Keyboard

The political separation struck so long ago, be separated by thousands of miles and whole time zone, isn’t as raw as it supplied to be. Branting, like plenty of Lewistonians i know, speak Boise deserve to keep the white marbled building.

“Would I want the capital ago here? certain not. Ns enjoy getting someplace in three minutes.”

This story is our latest installment in our“Wanna recognize Idaho”seriesand came fromShannon Hohl, who wanted come know exactly how the Idaho capital moved from Lewiston come Boise? If you don"t desire to miss any of our Wanna understand Idaho stories, be certain to i ordered it to the podcast!