CAB is an acronym used in CPR training. The stands for Compressions, AirwayBreathing and is teach on American heart Association (AHA) CPR courses.

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The CAB acronym is design to emphasize the prominence of high quality chest compressions end the distribution of rescue breaths. Chest compressions space the most vital component that adult CPR.


The most essential component of CPR is prompt high quality chest compressions. Chest compressions must be yielded over the center of the chest (sternum) at a rate of 100 – 120 compressions per minute.


Each chest compression should be 5 – 6cm deep and the chest wall surface should recoil completely after every compression.

Chest compressions manually pump blood about the body and also ensure the brain receives a it is provided of blood.


Once 30 chest compressions have been yielded then attempt to open up the airway through performing a head tilt chin lift. The photo listed below demonstrates this technique.


This manoeuvre moves the base of the tongue far from the back of the throat and also helps keep an open airway.


If trained, you have the right to deliver two rescue breaths after each set of 30 chest compressions (giving a proportion of 30:2). To supply rescue breaths you need to make a seal over the victim mouth and also pinch their nose. Each breath have to take about a second.

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