Photos of typical Foliated and also Non-Foliated Metamorphic rock TypesArticle by: Hobart M. King, PhD, RPG
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Amphibolite is a non-foliated metamorphic absent that creates through recrystallization under problems of high viscosity and also directed pressure. The is composed mostly of hornblende (amphibole) and also plagioclase, usually v very tiny quartz. The specimen shown over is around two inch (five centimeters) across.

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What space Metamorphic Rocks?

Metamorphic rocks have actually been modification by heat, pressure, and chemical processes, commonly while hidden deep below Earth"s surface. Exposure to this extreme problems has transformed the mineralogy, texture, and chemical ingredient of the rocks.

There room two simple types the metamorphic rocks. Foliated metamorphic rocks have actually a layered or banded appearance that is produced by exposure come heat and directed pressure. Instances of foliated rocks include: gneiss, phyllite, schist, and also slate

Non-foliated metamorphic rocks do not have a layered or banded appearance. Instances of nonfoliated rocks include: hornfels, marble, novaculite, quartzite, and also skarn.

Photographs and also brief descriptions of some common species of metamorphic rocks are shown on this page.


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Gneiss is a foliated metamorphic absent that has a banded appearance and also is made up of granular mineral grains. It commonly contains plentiful quartz or feldspar minerals. The specimen shown over is around two inches (five centimeters) across.


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Anthracite is the greatest rank the coal. It has been exposed to enough heat and pressure that most of the oxygen and also hydrogen have actually been propelled off, leaving a high-carbon material behind. It has a bright, lustrous appearance and also breaks through a semi-conchoidal fracture. It is often referred to together "hard coal"; however, this is a layman"s term and also has little to execute with the hardness of the rock. The specimen shown above is around two inches (five centimeters) across.


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Hornfels is a fine-grained nonfoliated metamorphic rock v no specific composition. It is produced by contact metamorphism. Hornfels is a rock the was "baked" while near a heat source such together a magma chamber, sill, or dike. The specimen shown over is about two inches (five centimeters) across.


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Marble is a non-foliated metamorphic rock the is produced from the metamorphism the limestone or dolostone. It is composed generally of calcium carbonate. The specimen shown above is around two inches (five centimeters) across.


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Novaculite is a dense, hard, fine-grained, siliceous rock the breaks with a conchoidal fracture. It develops from sediments deposit in marine environments where biology such together diatoms (single-celled algae that secrete a hard shell composed of silicon dioxide) are numerous in the water. The specimen shown above is about three inch across.


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Mariposite is a native that has been offered in many ways. It have the right to refer to green mica minerals, or metamorphic rocks the contain sufficient green mica to impart a environment-friendly color. Yellow prospectors learned the gold can be found in locations where these environment-friendly rocks were present. This is due to the fact that mariposite is an ore of gold.


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Quartzite is a non-foliated metamorphic rock the is created by the metamorphism of sandstone. The is composed mainly of quartz. The specimen above is around two inches (five centimeters) across.


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Phyllite is a foliated metamorphic rock the is consisted of mainly of very fine-grained mica. The surface of phyllite is commonly lustrous and also sometimes wrinkled. The is intermediate in grade between slate and also schist. The specimen shown above is around two customs (five centimeters) across.


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Skarn is a rock characterized by its formation rather 보다 its mineral composition. It often develops when lead carbonate rocks close to a magma human body are transformed by call metamorphism and metasomatism. Various minerals, gems, and even precious metals deserve to sometimes be found in skarn.


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Schist is a metamorphic rock with well-developed foliation. It often contains significant amounts of mica which allow the absent to break-up into thin pieces. That is a rock of intermediate metamorphic grade in between phyllite and gneiss. The specimen shown above is a "chlorite schist" due to the fact that it has a far-ranging amount of chlorite. It is about two customs (five centimeters) across.


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Soapstone is a metamorphic rock that is composed primarily the talc v varying amounts of various other minerals such as micas, chlorite, amphiboles, pyroxenes, and carbonates. The is a soft, dense, heat-resistant absent that has a high specific heat capacity. This properties make it beneficial for a wide variety of architectural, practical, and artistic uses.


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Slate is a foliated metamorphic rock the is created through the metamorphism of shale. The is a low-grade metamorphic rock that splits right into thin pieces. The specimen shown over is about two inch (five centimeters) across.


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The best means to learn around rocks is to have actually a repertoire of specimens to examine while girlfriend study. Seeing and also handling the rocks will help you recognize their composition and also texture much much better than reading around them ~ above a website or in a book. The smashville247.net store offers inexpensive absent collections that deserve to be mailed all over in the United states or U.S. Territories. Mineral collections and instructive publications are likewise available.


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