Element Iodine - I
Comprehensive data ~ above the chemical facet Iodine is listed on this page; including scores the properties, element names in many languages, most well-known nuclides the Iodine. Typical chemical compounds room also noted for numerous elements. In addition technical state are connected to their definitions and the menu has links to related short articles that are a good aid in one"s studies.
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Iodine MenuIodine web page OneOverview of IodineIodine"s surname in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of IodineChemical properties of IodinePhysical nature of IodineRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowIodine page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental NuclidesIodine web page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds the Iodine
Overview that IodineAtomic Number: 53Group: 17Period: 5Series: Halogens
Iodine"s name in other LanguagesLatin: IodumCzech: JodCroatian: JodFrench: IodeGerman: Jod - rItalian: IodioNorwegian: JodPortuguese: IôdoRussian: ИодSpanish: YodoSwedish: JodAtomic structure of IodineAtomic Radius: 1.32ÅAtomic Volume: 25.74cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.33ÅCross Section (Thermal ghost Capture) σa/barns: 6.2Crystal Structure: Orthorhombic
Chemical nature of IodineElectrochemical Equivalent: 4.7348g/amp-hrElectron work-related Function:Electronegativity: 2.66 (Pauling); 2.21 (Allrod Rochow)Heat the Fusion: 7.824kJ/molIncompatibilities:Ammonia, acetylene, acetaldehyde, powdered aluminum, energetic metals, liquid chlorineIonization PotentialFirst: 10.451Second: 19.131Third: 33Valence Electron Potential (-eV): -6.55
Physical properties of IodineAtomic massive Average: 126.9045Boiling Point: 458.55K 185.4°C 365.7°FCoefficient that lineal thermal expansion/K-1: N/AConductivityElectrical: 8.0E-16 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.00449 W/cmkDensity: 4.93g/cc
300KDescription: Halogen solid form: shiny, non-metallic, grayish-black flakes; gas: violet.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 7.7/GPaEnthalpy that Atomization: 106.7 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy that Fusion: 7.76 kJ/moleEnthalpy of Vaporization: 20.88 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Non-combustible solidFreezing Point: see melting pointHeat that Vaporization: 20.752kJ/molMelting Point: 386.65K 113.5°C 236.3°FMolar Volume: 25.74 cm3/molePhysical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.214J/gK
Regulatory / HealthCAS Number7553-56-2RTECS: NN1575000OSHA permit Exposure border (PEL)1 ppm = 10.38mg/m3
25°C & 1 atmCeiling: 0.1 ppmOSHA PEL Vacated 1989Ceiling: 0.1 ppmNIOSH recommended Exposure border (REL)Ceiling: 0.1 ppmIDLH: 2 ppm Routes of Exposure: Inhalation; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, cardiovascular systemLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents normally occuring level of facets in the usual human, it DOES NOT stand for recommended daily allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 0.057Bone/p.p.m: 0.27Liver/p.p.m: 0.7Muscle/p.p.m: 0.05-0.5Daily dietary Intake: 0.1-0.2 mgTotal fixed In Avg. 70kg human: 12-20 mg
Who / wherein / when / HowDiscoverer: bernard CourtoisDiscovery Location: Dijon FranceDiscovery Year: 1811Name Origin: Greek: iôdes (violet).Abundance of Iodine:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 0.14Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 0.0489Atlantic Deep: 0.056Pacific Surface: 0.043Pacific Deep: 0.058Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): N/ASources of Iodine:Occurs on land and in the sea in sodium and also potassium compounds. World production of iodine is about 12,000 tons. Primary producing areas are Chile and also Japan.Uses of Iodine:Required in little amounts by humans. Once used as an antiseptic, however no longer because of its gift nature. Supplied as a disinfectant, in pharmaceuticals, dyes, catalysts and also photography.Additional Notes:
Iodine MenuIodine web page OneOverview of IodineIodine"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of IodineChemical nature of IodinePhysical properties of IodineRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowIodine web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental NuclidesIodine web page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds the Iodine
A perform of reference sources provided to translate in the data listed on our periodic table of elements can be discovered on the main periodic table page.
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