Xenon

aspect 54 of regular table is Xenon v atomic number 54, atomic load 131.293. Xenon, price Xe, has a Face centered Cubic structure and also Colorless color. Xenon is a noble gas element. Trivial surname of Xenon is noble gases*, aerogens. Understand everything about Xenon Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Xenon is a chemical element with symbol Xe and also atomic number 54. It is a colorless, dense, odorless noble gas, that occurs in the Earth"s environment in trace amounts. Although generally unreactive, xenon can undergo a couple of chemical reactions such as the formation of xenon hexafluoroplatinate, the an initial noble gas link to it is in synthesized.

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Xenon Facts

Read an essential information and also facts around element Xenon

name Xenon
atom Number 54
atomic Symbol Xe
Atomic weight 131.293
step Gas
shade Colorless
Classification noble gas
team in routine Table 18
Group Name helium household or neon family members
period in periodic Table 5
Block in routine Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 4d10 5s2 5p6
Melting point -111.8 °C
Boiling point -108 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 18, 8>
CAS Number CAS7440-63-3

ar
35
Br
36
Kr
53
I
54
Xe
85
At
86
Rn
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

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How to find Xenon on routine Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus which is exact same as number of electrons. The atom number rises from left come right. Periodic table starts at height left ( atom number 1) and ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number 54 to find Xenon on periodic table.

Another method to read routine table and also locate an element is by using team number (column) and duration number (row). To locate Xenon on regular table look for cross section of group 18 and duration 5 in the modern-day periodic table.

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Table the Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Xenon with various other elements

Xenon History

The element Xenon was discovered by wilhelm Ramsay in year 1898 in uk . Xenon derived its name from the Greek xenos, meaning "strange"

Xenon Presence: variety in Nature and also Around Us

The table listed below shows the variety of Xenon in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
diversity in universe 1×10-6%
diversity in sun N/A
abundance in Meteorites N/A
Abundance in Earth"s crust 2×10-9%
abundance in seas 5×10-10%
abundance in people N/A

Crystal framework of Xenon

The heavy state framework of Xenon is Face focused Cubic.

The decision structure deserve to be explained in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in three dimensional space to form the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
620.23 620.23 620.23 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are explained by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the decision are explained by the principle of room groups. All possible symmetric species of particles in three-dimensional space are defined by the 230 room groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.

space Group surname Fm_ 3m
*
space Group Number 225
Crystal framework Face centered Cubic

Xenon Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Xenon atoms have actually 54 electrons and also the electronic shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 18, 8> with Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.


atom Number 54
Number of electrons (with no charge) 54
Number of Protons 54
Mass Number 131
Number that Neutrons 77
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 18, 8>
Electron configuration 4d10 5s2 5p6
Valence Electrons 5s2 5p6
Oxidation State 2;4;6;8
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0

Shell framework of Xenon - electrons per energy level


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Ground State digital Configuration of Xenon - neutral Xenon atom

The ground state electronic configuration the Neutral Xenon atom is 4d10 5s2 5p6. The section of Xenon configuration that is indistinguishable to the noble gas the the preceding period, is abbreviated as . Because that atoms with many electrons, this notation have the right to become an extensive and for this reason an abbreviation notation is used.This is essential as it is the Valence electron 4d10 5s2 5p6, electrons in the outermost covering that identify the chemistry properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Xenon

Complete ground state electronic configuration because that the Xenon atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6

Atomic structure of Xenon

Xenon atom radius is 108 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 130 pm.

atomic Radius

108 afternoon (1.08 Å)

Atomic Volume 22.2530508475 cm3
Covalent Radius 130 afternoon (1.3 Å)
valve der Waals Radius 216 pm
spirit Cross section 25 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Xenon

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Xenon chemical Properties: Xenon Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity the Xenon is 0 kJ/mol

Valence 6
Electronegativity 2.6
ElectronAffinity 0 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Xenon

Refer to table below for Ionization energies that Xenon

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1170.4
2 2046.4
3 3099.4

Xenon physics Properties

Refer to below table for Xenon physics Properties

density 5.9 g/l
Molar Volume 22.2530508475 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
bulk Modulus N/A
Poisson ratio N/A

Hardness the Xenon - tests to measure up of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Xenon electric Properties

Xenon is N/A the electricity. Refer to table below for the electric properties that Xenon

electric Conductivity N/A
Resistivity N/A
Superconducting suggest N/A

Xenon Heat and Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 0.00565 W/(m K)
Thermal development N/A

Xenon Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie point N/A
fixed Magnetic Susceptibility -4.3×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -5.65×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -2.54×10-8

Optical properties of Xenon

Refractive index 1.000702

Acoustic properties of Xenon

rate of Sound 1090 m/s

Xenon heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer come table listed below for thermal properties of Xenon

Melting suggest 161.3 K (-111.8 °C)
Boiling allude 165.1 K (-108 °C)
crucial Temperature 289.77 K
Superconducting suggest N/A

Enthalpies of Xenon

heat of blend 2.3 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 12.64 kJ/mol
warm of combustion N/A

Xenon isotope - nuclear Properties that Xenon

Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally emerging Xenon has actually 9 stable isotope - 124Xe, 126Xe, 128Xe, 129Xe, 130Xe, 131Xe, 132Xe, 134Xe, 136Xe.


Isotope Isotope massive % abundance T fifty percent Decay setting
110Xe
111Xe
112Xe
113Xe
114Xe
115Xe
116Xe
117Xe
118Xe
119Xe
120Xe
121Xe
122Xe
123Xe
124Xe 0.09% secure N/A
125Xe
126Xe 0.09% stable N/A
127Xe
128Xe 1.92% steady N/A
129Xe 26.44% steady N/A
130Xe 4.08% stable N/A
131Xe 21.18% secure N/A
132Xe 26.89% secure N/A
133Xe
134Xe 10.44% stable N/A
135Xe
136Xe 8.87% steady N/A
137Xe
138Xe
139Xe
140Xe
141Xe
142Xe
143Xe
144Xe
145Xe
146Xe
147Xe

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-63-3
RTECS Number RTECSZE1280000
dot Hazard class 2.2
period Numbers 2591
EU Number EU231-172-7
NFPA Fire Rating N/A
NFPA dangers N/A
NFPA wellness Rating N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A
Autoignition suggest N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of unique identifiers to find the aspect in miscellaneous chemical registry databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts company (CAS) CAS7440-63-3
CID Number CID23991
Gmelin Number Gmelin1125
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSZE1280000

Compare Xenon through all Group 18 elements

Xenon vs Helium Xenon vs Neon Xenon vs Argon Xenon vs Krypton Xenon vs Radon Xenon vs Oganesson

Compare Xenon v all noble gas elements

Xenon vs Helium Xenon vs Neon Xenon vs Argon Xenon vs Krypton Xenon vs Radon Xenon vs Oganesson