Aluminium

aspect 13 of regular table is Aluminium with atomic number 13, atomic weight 26.981538. Aluminium, price Al, has a Face centered Cubic structure and Silver color. Aluminium is a post-transition steel element. Trivial surname of Aluminium is triels, icosagens. Know everything around Aluminium Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Aluminium (or aluminum; see various endings) is a chemical aspect in the boron group with symbol Al and atomic number 13. It is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal. Aluminium is the third most abundant element (after oxygen and silicon), and also the many abundant metal, in the Earth"s crust.

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Aluminium Facts

Read vital information and also facts about element Aluminium

surname Aluminium
atomic Number 13
atom Symbol Al
Atomic weight 26.981538
phase Solid
color Silver
Classification post-transition metal
team in periodic Table 13
Group Name boron family members
duration in routine Table 3
Block in regular Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3s2 3p1
Melting suggest 660.32 °C
Boiling point 2519 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 3>
CAS Number CAS7429-90-5

neighborhood
5
B
6
C
13
Al
14
Si
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

explore our interactive routine table


How to find Aluminium on periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is same as variety of electrons. The atom number increases from left to right. Routine table starts at top left ( atomic number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom best (atomic number 118). Therefore you can straight look because that atomic number 13 to uncover Aluminium on routine table.

Another way to read regular table and locate an element is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Aluminium on regular table look because that cross section of team 13 and period 3 in the modern-day periodic table.

discover Interactive regular Table to Understand and Learn Cool patterns

Table of Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Aluminium with various other elements

Aluminium History

The facet Aluminium was uncovered by nobody in year 1825 in Denmark . Aluminium derived its surname from alumina, a link (originally aluminum)

Aluminium Presence: abundance in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the abundance of Aluminium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
diversity in universe 5e-05
diversity in sunlight 6e-05
variety in Meteorites 0.0091
Abundance in Earth"s crust 0.081
diversity in seas 5×10-7%
diversity in human beings 9e-07

Crystal structure of Aluminium

The solid state framework of Aluminium is Face focused Cubic.

The crystal structure deserve to be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats chin in three dimensional space to form the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cell is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, which space the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
404.95 404.95 404.95 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms within the unit cell are described by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the decision are described by the ide of space groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are considered distinct.

room Group name Fm_ 3m
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room Group Number 225
Crystal framework Face centered Cubic

Aluminium Atomic and Orbital Properties

Aluminium atoms have actually 13 electrons and the digital shell framework is <2, 8, 3> with Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2.


atomic Number 13
Number of electrons (with no charge) 13
Number the Protons 13
Mass Number 27
Number of Neutrons 14
Shell framework (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 3>
Electron configuration 3s2 3p1
Valence Electrons 3s2 3p1
Oxidation State -2;-1 1;2;3
Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2

Shell structure of Aluminium - electron per energy level


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Ground State digital Configuration the Aluminium - neutral Aluminium atom

The floor state digital configuration that Neutral Aluminium atom is 3s2 3p1. The section of Aluminium configuration that is tantamount to the noble gas of the coming before period, is abbreviated as . For atoms with countless electrons, this notation have the right to become lengthy and therefore an abbreviated notation is used.This is essential as it is the Valence electron 3s2 3p1, electrons in the outermost shell that identify the chemistry properties that the element.

See more: Which Gas Is Monatomic At Room Temperature And Pressure, Properties Of Gases

Unabbreviated electronic configuration of neutral Aluminium

Complete floor state electronic configuration for the Aluminium atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1

Atomic structure of Aluminium

Aluminium atomic radius is 118 pm, when it"s covalent radius is 118 pm.

atom Radius

118 pm (1.18 Å)

Atomic Volume 9.99316222222 cm3
Covalent Radius 118 pm (1.18 Å)
van der Waals Radius N/A
spirit Cross section 0.233 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Aluminium

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Aluminium chemistry Properties: Aluminium Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity that Aluminium is 42.5 kJ/mol

Valence 3
Electronegativity 1.61
ElectronAffinity 42.5 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Aluminium

Refer to table listed below for Ionization energies the Aluminium

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 577.5
2 1816.7
3 2744.8
4 11577
5 14842
6 18379
7 23326
8 27465
9 31853
10 38473

Aluminium physical Properties

Refer to listed below table because that Aluminium physical Properties

thickness 2.7 g/cm3
Molar Volume 9.99316222222 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 70 GPa
Shear Modulus 26 GPa
bulk Modulus 76 GPa
Poisson proportion 0.35

Hardness of Aluminium - tests to measure of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 2.75 MPa
Vickers Hardness 167 MPa
Brinell Hardness 245 MPa

Aluminium electrical Properties

Aluminium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electric properties the Aluminium

electrical Conductivity 3.8×107 S/m
Resistivity 2.6×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting allude 1.175

Aluminium Heat and also Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 235 W/(m K)
Thermal development 0.0000231 K-1

Aluminium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Paramagnetic
Curie point N/A
fixed Magnetic Susceptibility 7.8×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility 2.1×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility 2.11e-05

Optical nature of Aluminium

Refractive table of contents N/A

Acoustic nature of Aluminium

speed of Sound 5.1×103 m/s

Aluminium thermal Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer come table listed below for thermal properties of Aluminium

Melting suggest 933.47 K (660.32 °C)
Boiling suggest 2792 K (2519 °C)
critical Temperature N/A
Superconducting suggest 1.175

Enthalpies the Aluminium

warmth of combination 10.7 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 293 kJ/mol
warm of burning N/A

Aluminium isotopes - atom Properties of Aluminium

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally emerging Aluminium has actually 1 stable isotope - 27Al.


Isotope Isotope massive % abundance T fifty percent Decay mode
21Al
22Al
23Al
24Al
25Al
26Al
27Al 100% secure N/A
28Al
29Al
30Al
31Al
32Al
33Al
34Al
35Al
36Al
37Al
38Al
39Al
40Al
41Al
42Al

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7429-90-5
RTECS Number RTECSBD0330000
dot Hazard class 4.3
period Numbers 1396
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 1
NFPA dangers N/A
NFPA health and wellness Rating 0
NFPA Reactivity Rating 1
Autoignition suggest 400 °C
Flashpoint 645 °C

Database Search

perform of distinctive identifiers to find the element in assorted chemical it is registered databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts company (CAS) CAS7429-90-5
CID Number CID5359268
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSBD0330000

Compare Aluminium through all Group 13 elements

Aluminium vs Boron Aluminium vs Gallium Aluminium vs Indium Aluminium vs Thallium Aluminium vs Nihonium

Compare Aluminium with all post-transition metal elements

Aluminium vs Gallium Aluminium vs Indium Aluminium vs tin Aluminium vs Thallium Aluminium vs lead Aluminium vs Bismuth Aluminium vs Nihonium Aluminium vs Flerovium Aluminium vs Moscovium Aluminium vs Livermorium