Tiger (Panthera tigris): The tiger is the largest of every the Asian large cats and is a member the the genus Panthera.

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Kingdom: | AnimaliaPhylum: | ChordataClass: | MammaliaOrder: | CarnivoraFamily: | FelidaeGenus: | PantheraSpecies: | tigris

There are two known subspecies that tiger: the continental (Panthera tigris tigris) and also the Sunda (Panthera tigris sondaica), according to IUCN.

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Size and Weight:

Tigers room the largest of every the Asian big cats. Tigers variety from 6 to ten feet long, and also they can weigh almost everywhere from 220 come 660 pounds.

Males the the bigger subspecies, the continent tiger, weigh approximately 660 pounds. If males that the smaller sized subspecies, the Sunda tiger, weigh approximately 310 pounds. The males are typically heavier than females in both subspecies.

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Appearance:

Tigers are recognized for your dark upright stripes ~ above orange-brown fur with a lighter underside. Your coloring and also marking depend on the subspecies and the tiger’s location. While countless of the large continental tigers have actually pale orange fur with couple of stripes, the smaller sized Sunda tigers have actually dark, thickly striped fur.

Tigers can also be black v tan stripes, all white (albino), or white and tan. In part zoos, there might be “white tigers.” these tigers room not albino however rather the white-and-tan shade variation v blue eyes. True albinos are really rare and also have pink eyes, follow to the san Diego Zoo.

Each tiger’s markings space unique. Your stripes room as individual as fingerprints are for humans. Many tigers have actually over 100 stripes. In the wild, a tiger’s stripes are important for survival. They act together camouflage, showing up as relocating shadows in lengthy grass and also in trees. This help with searching prey.

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Diet:

The tiger is one apex predator, primarily hunting ungulates (hoofed mammals) like deer and wild boar. Lock rely mostly on sight and also sound quite than smell for hunting. They generally hunt alone and also stalk prey. A tiger have the right to consume much more than 90 pounds that meat at one time.

Habitat:

Tigers have the right to be found in assorted habitats, such together tropical rainforests, evergreen forests, temperate forests, mangrove swamps, grasslands and savannas.

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Geography:

There might be as couple of as 3,890 many tigers in the wild, according to the human being Wildlife Fund. Most of which can be uncovered in isolated pockets spread throughout increasingly fragmented forests. Your habitat follow me from India to southeastern China and also from the Russian Far eastern to Sumatra, Indonesia.

Breeding:

Tigers are mainly solitary creatures, aside from the association in between a mother and also her offspring. Top top average, woman tigers provide birth to 2 to four cubs every two years. Youth mortality is high in tigers, and much more than half of cubs carry out not survive an ext than two years. If all the cubs in one litter die, a female may give birth come a 2nd litter within five months.

Tigers commonly leave their mother and gain freedom after two years of age. Females achieve sexual maturity at age three or four, when males reach sex-related maturity about four or five years.

Individual tigers have actually a huge territory, i m sorry they note with urine, feces, rakes, scrapes and vocalizing. The size is mostly figured out by the access of prey.

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Lifespan:

Tigers have been known to with up to 20 years of age in the wild. Top top average, many tigers live 10 to 15 year in the wild.

Threats:

Poaching, habitat loss, human-tiger conflict, climate adjust and captive tigers are among the greatest threats to tigers. Follow to WWF, Poaching is the most prompt threat come wild tigers. Every component of the tiger, native whisker to tail, has actually been discovered in illegal wildlife markets.

Habitat loss is another major threat to wild tigers, together they have actually lost an estimated 95% of their historical range. Human tasks have destroyed, degraded, and fragmented your habitat. Due to their territorial behavior and big home ranges, tigers need vast swaths that habitat for their survival.

As human beings spread into their habitat, there has actually been an increase in conflicts between people and also tigers as they compete for space. As forests shrink and prey becomes scarce, tigers are compelled to leaving protected areas in search of food. Thus, tigers are more likely to come into conflict with humans. A tiger might hunt domestic livestock, bring about the captivation or death of the tiger.

Climate change is one more threat to wild tigers. For example, a unique tiger population found in the Sundarbans, a large mangrove woodland area common by India and Bangladesh on the coastline of the Indian Ocean, space threatened by rising sea levels. Climbing sea levels connected with climate adjust threaten come flood this forests, potentially wiping the end the last remaining habitat the this distinct tiger population.

Tiger “farms” and also captive tigers room another significant threat to the species. Follow to WWF, there are in between 7,000 and also 8,000 tigers being held in centers throughout East and also Southeast Asia, most of i m sorry in China. These tiger “farms” have far-ranging negative effects on the species, as they perpetuate the need for tiger products, offer as a cover because that illegal trade and also undermine enforcement efforts. It is approximated that about 5,000 tigers reside in the joined States.

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Conservation Status:

Tigers are classified together endangered. There room an estimated 3,900 tigers in the wild. ~ a century that decline, tiger numbers are starting to mite upward.

According come WWF, tiger populations are secure or enhancing in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Russia and also China. However, in various other areas, including much of south-east Asia, tigers room still in crisis and also declining in number.

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Conservation Efforts:

Wild tigers have proved the they have the right to recover, together proven in multiple areas. In 2020, the 13 tiger range countries cursed to TX2, a conservation score that intends to dual wild tiger number by 2022, the following Year the the Tiger.

Various organizations, consisting of WWF and also the san Diego Zoo, space contributing to conservation efforts. WWF is functioning to preserve and also connect tiger habitat. It likewise works to enforce zero yongin for tiger poaching across Asia and also is likewise working to get rid of the tiger trade.

Meanwhile, the mountain Diego Zoo has actually teamed up with means Kambas nationwide Park in Sumatra, Indonesia, a major habitat for Sumatran tigers. Castle are resources studies to identify the number and distribution of these critically endangered huge cats. Zoos also aid tigers through breeding programs and also through educating the general public about large cats.

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How You have the right to Help:

Protect tigers: there are approximately 5,000 captive tigers right here in the US. Ask her Member of conference to cosponsor the large Cat Public safety and security Act (H.R. 1380/S. 2561), which would assist ensure the the us does its part in the fight against illegal tiger trade.

Adopt a tiger: do a symbolic tiger adoption to support WWF’s conservation efforts.