The island of Cuba was discovered October 28 the 1492 ~ the disembarked that La Pinta, La Niña and La Santa María, the very first three europe ships under the command of the admiral Cristóbal Colón during his very first trip towards the new World. In between that date and also November 5, the ships moved for the coast of the Orient that Cuba, and also on Friday November 2, Cristóbal Colón, designated at 2 of his guys so that, throughout six days, go deep into in the Cuban territory.

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Christopher Colombus taking possesion

In honor to the Catholic Kings" daughter, his benefactors, Colón called it island Juana, very first of assorted names that successively this island received at this time; ultimately it called Cuba choose variant of her indigenous name: Cubanascan.


Colombus Landing

This landing is brought out for Bariay, location insignia the the county of Holguín, in the Oriente the Cuba, whereby the admiral found a new world that, follow to his words, era "The must beautiful planet than human being eyes had ever before seen". 500 year later, who arrive till that place they can"t only relax with the knowledge about the historic episode, yet find the peace and also the quietness of a traveler singular area.

Two year later, when experimenting the south coastline of Cuba throughout his 2nd trip, the Admiral would notice of the diversity that those indigenous residents, since the indigenous of the Oriente that Cuba that accompanied him, might not understand each other with the residents of the western part.

Certainly, the populace of the Island was made up before four millennia, through the arrival of varied migratory current: the very first ones most likely coming native the phibìc of the continent v Florida, and also the later on ones, come in successive waves indigenous the mouth of Orinoco transparent the arch that Antilles.

Among those roughly 100 000 natives that lived in the Island when start the Spanish conquest, teams existed with different levels that socio-cultural development.

The oldest and poor residents - already practically extinguished in the XV century - lived off the fishing and the harvest and also they made their instruments with the shells of huge mollusks. One more group, without scorn the shell, possessed tools of polished rock and, beside the collected activities, they practiced the hunt and also the fishing.

More progressed group, those coming from southern America - belonging come the Tronco Aruaco - were agriculturalist, and also with their primary cultivation, the yucca, they do the cassava, food that could not eat up only in the moment, however rather it could be also conserve. They manufactured objects and also ceramic recipients and they own a differed one instrumental of shell and also polished stone.


Taino Village

Their wooden houses and also palm guano - the huts - consisted of in aboriginal petty towns, would certainly constitute during several century a fundamental element the the habitat that the Cuban peasant.

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That October 28 that 1492, the aboriginal populace of the island had signed an additional contract it would certainly not be reflect in any record written by hand: The one belonging come countdown toward his full annihilation, due to the fact that contaminated through unknown illnesses because that them (and in former of which your immunologic device didn"t protest defenses) and also under the burden of the hard work, one by one was extinguishing, and also the human blaze that it to be our first community finished being hardly a fire perceptible, can not to provide at least some light, heat and also color come the mosaic of the citizenship.