cross the brook with guns and also horses

Argentina, Chile, Denmark, The Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Venezuela, Sweden and also Switzerland.

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Only these countries were neutral throughout the good War 1914-1918. The remainder of the people conducted war through each other.

Following the adage the he that wants tranquility prepares because that war, the little Dutch military exercised continuously. In the east Holland bordered come Germany and in the south to German-occupied Belgium. The hefty gunfire in Flanders was heard in Holland every day. The Belgian battlefields to be no an ext than 40 km"s away (about 26 miles).

German soldiers deliver up their arm when interned in the Netherlands

When the war damaged out much more than one million Belgian refugees fled come Holland. Countless soldiers, from both sides, complied with them. They crossed the border because the foe had lock encircled, like it occurred to 2,000 brother marines in ~ Antwerp.

All international soldiers showing up in The Netherlands to be disarmed and also interned in camps wherein they to be to stay during rest of the war. The picture on the left (click on the to see it larger) shows the disarmament that German infantry-troops who had fled across the dutch border. The German soldiers dubbed this place the graveyard, since of the bayonets that were put into the ground.

A dutch Mobile Pigeon Station

The Dutch federal government had mobilized 500.000 male to reinforce the regular army. They guarded the borders and also filled your days v exercising and polishing...

There were countless incidents in i beg your pardon war-countries were involved. England for instance, bombed - by accident - the Dutch harbor of Zierikzee.

And German U-boats torpedoed and sank many Dutch ships - also one that transported German prisoners-of-war from England come the Netherlands.

In spring 1915 the Germans put up an disastrous electric fence between occupied Belgium and the Netherlands. The 2,000 Volts cable ran nearly 200 km (125 Miles) long through villages, orchards, meadows, woodland, over brooks - also over the flow Meuse. The height of the building and construction was end 3 meters. Exactly how many people the fence eliminated is unknown. Estimates vary from 2,000 come 3,000.

netherlands Queen Wilhelmina ~ above horseback

The word neutral originates from ne uter (=none the both), but in the Netherlands do a choice was a near thing: commander-in-chief general C.J. Snijders had a strong liking because that the "invincible" Germany.

Because that his perspective the government several times tried to eliminate the general, yet Queen Wilhelmina kept on backing she CIC. The queen was fond the the army and often went to the troops and also observed exercises.

On the snapshot on the left the 35 year old queen is attach by part high-ranking officers and also a lady the the court.

netherlands mines had to safeguard neutrality in coastline waters

To preserve neutrality the Netherlands set mines in coastal waters, to stop hostile landings.

Three time (in 1916, 1917 and 1918) Germany thought about occupying the Netherlands. In that situation the allied nations without doubt would have actually invaded the country from the seaside.

Germany eventually refrained indigenous invading Holland, also because the the foodsupplies that repeatedly flowed native this country. This trade made some sellers in Holland very rich. They were dubbed OW"ers, definition "oorlogswinst-makers": war-profiteers. Until this an extremely day OW"er is thought about a harsh term of abuse in Holland.

Innumerable mines to wash ashore

In the Netherlands there space some cemeteries whereby victims that the great War are buried. Numerous were sailors who fell at sea. Others are civilians or navy-personnel who passed away at the beaches where plenty of mines washed ashore.

The snapshot shows two guys of the Dutch royal Navy top top a coast in the province of Zeeland dismantling a seamine.

A telephone-post that the communication-unit of the fourth Division

Maintaining neutrality resulted in discord amongst the inhabitants of the Netherlands. The population was divided, as were the politicians.

Many civilization still boring a grudge to England due to the fact that of the Boer War, fifteen year earlier, when thousands of Boers (Dutch descendants) in South-Africa had actually been eliminated by brother soldiers.

Army-chaplain preaching to officers, men and also civilians

There was likewise a lot of discontent among the soldiers. Just at the finish of the battle they were lugged into genuine action. They had to strike under hunger revolts in few of the bigger cities...

The picture left shows an netherlands army-chaplain carrying a sermon to officers and also men that the 2nd Division. The location is a farm-yard somewhere in the southern district of Noord-Brabant.

Pay fist to the somewhat booked interest of the farmer in the door-way and also the various other no-doubt catholic countrymen best back. The visible throng argues that over there is much much more public than the snapshot shows.

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Almost every prayer in that time begged for peace. The took 4 long years and 37,000,000 casualties prior to these humble prayers came true.