Friday is the 800th anniversary the the bear of St. Louis" namesake, King luigi IX of France. You might be acquainted with Louis" silhouette native the significant sculpture on art Hill in forest Park. Friend know, this one:

Pretty epic image, right? yet we thought we"d offer you a couple of more facts about the man, king and also later, saint.

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1. Louis was born in 1214.

What else was going top top in the civilization then? The Emperor Xuanzong that Jin China was in tremendous problem with Genghis Khan.

2. King luigi IX to be the just French king to become a saint, yet not the just French royal.

​In fact, his younger sister, Isabelle, is likewise recognized together a saint by the Franciscan Order. King Louis became Saint Louis when he was canonized in 1297, 27 year after his death.

​3. Following his father"s death from dysentery if crusading, Louis came to be King luigi IX the France in ~ the period of 12.

Because lock couldn"t possibly let a pre-teen run a country, Louis" mother, Blanche the Castile, offered as his regent until he got to adulthood. The relationship in between Louis and also his mom is known as a particularly excellent one.

4. King luigi IX i was delegated the building of theSainte-Chapelle in Paris.

The stunning instance of French gothic architecture was consecrated in 1248 and was constructed to residence King Louis" collection of relics the Jesus Christ. Inspect out this panorama of its significant ceiling:


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Credit (via Wikimedia Commons/Javi Masa)
Looking up in ~ the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris, France.

5. He and his wife, Margaret the Provence, had actually 11 children.

However, just seven that them made it to adulthood. 4 of those enduring were sons, and also one, Phillip III, flourished his dad to the throne.

6. His wife and his mom didn"t acquire along. At all.

Thomas Madden, professor of medieval history at Saint luigi University claims that Louis" mommy seemed to be of the opinion that Margaret"s sole duty should it is in bearing and also rearing children. This was in spite of King Louis" and also Margaret"s supposedly loving relationship. (Learn much more from Madden around Saint Louis by listening come our segment from St. Louis ~ above the Air).

7. He changed the procedure of trials in France.

This was, according to Madden, "a major thing." No longer would trials be worked out by ordeal or combat, yet by evidence and also Roman law. The move, Madden says, was part of his an excellent Edict that 1254. He likewise issued one edictagainst gambling.

8. He to be a tremendous patron that the arts.

And you deserve to see pieces influenced by luigi IX right here in St. Luigi this summer.

9. He founded several hospitals in France.

Including one because that the blind, and also one, Madden says, for ex-prostitutes.

10. Crusading was the "main event" that Saint Louis" life, though it would end up being the death of him.

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On one occasion, Louis came to be severely ill. There, in his bed, he determined that he would end up being a crusader in the tradition of his dad (remember, who passed away during a crusade), his grandfather and also his great-grandfather. Louis lugged his family members (including his wife and children) with him on some of his journeys - with several kids born while on crusade. Eventually, an excursion come what is currently Tunisia would be the final journey for King Louis. Illness again befell him and also he passed away on august 25, 1270.